For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD as the waters cover the sea
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Copy of Romans 9-11 Class
Romans 9:1-5
God's word is eternally true.
#Word
Published September 7th, 2022; Updated September 7th, 2022
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Main point summary
Rom 9:6-13 Discourse
Rom 9:6-13 Diagram
notes
Main point summary
Gods plan for Israel has not failed because not all Israel is Israel.
Rom 9:6-13 Discourse
NT
Romans 9:6-13
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mine
Οὐχ οἷον δὲ ὅτι ἐκπέπτωκεν ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ.
But it is not that the word of God has failed
οὐ γὰρ πάντες οἱ ἐξ Ἰσραήλ, οὗτοι Ἰσραήλ·
for not all those from Israel are Israel.
οὐδ’ ὅτι εἰσὶν σπέρμα Ἀβραάμ, πάντες τέκνα,
nor are all of them children because they are the children of Abraham,
series
ἀλλ’· Ἐν Ἰσαὰκ κληθήσεταί σοι σπέρμα.
but offspring for you shall be called through Isaac.
negativepositive
τοῦτ’ ἔστιν,
that is,
οὐ τὰ τέκνα τῆς σαρκὸς ταῦτα τέκνα τοῦ θεοῦ,
not the children of the flesh are this children of God,
ἀλλὰ τὰ τέκνα τῆς ἐπαγγελίας λογίζεται εἰς σπέρμα·
but the children of the promise are reckoned for seed
ἐπαγγελίας γὰρ ὁ λόγος οὗτος·
for this is the word of promise:
Κατὰ τὸν καιρὸν τοῦτον ἐλεύσομαι καὶ ἔσται τῇ Σάρρᾳ υἱός.
about this time, I shall return and a son shall exist for Serai
ideaexplanation
οὐ μόνον δέ, ἀλλὰ καὶ Ῥεβέκκα ἐξ ἑνὸς κοίτην ἔχουσα,
and not only this, but Rebekka also by one act of sexual intercourse,
Ἰσαὰκ τοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν·
Isaac, our father.
actionmanner
μήπω γὰρ γεννηθέντων μηδὲ πραξάντων τι ἀγαθὸν ἢ ⸀ φαῦλον,
for when they were not yet born nor done anything good or evil
ἵνα ἡ κατ’ ἐκλογὴν πρόθεσις τοῦ θεοῦ μένῃ,
so that the purpose of God according to election might remain,
οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων
not from works
ἀλλ’ ἐκ τοῦ καλοῦντος,
but from the one who calls,
actionpurpose
ἐρρέθη αὐτῇ ὅτι Ὁ μείζων δουλεύσει τῷ ἐλάσσονι·
it was said to her that the older will serve the younger.
⸀ καθὼς γέγραπται· Τὸν Ἰακὼβ ἠγάπησα, τὸν δὲ Ἠσαῦ ἐμίσησα.
Just as it is written: I loved Jacob but I hated Esau
ground
discourse
Rom 9:6-13 Diagram
scripturetext
components
Romans 9:6-13
text
δὲ
subjectverb
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
Οὐχ
predicate
οἷον
shelf
cword
vertical
λόγος
ἐκπέπτωκεν
prepphrase
pstack
τοῦ
θεοῦ
ὅτι
γὰρ
vsnum
Romans 9:6
οὐ
Romans 9:7
rocketship
οἱ
οὗτοι
πάντες
ἐξ
directobject
Ἰσραήλ
Ἰσραήλ
τέκνα
πάντες
εἰσὶν
σπέρμα
Ἀβραάμ
ὅτι
οὐδ’
σπέρμα
κληθήσεταί
σοι
Ἐν
Ἰσαὰκ
ἀλλ’
Romans 9:8
τὰ
τέκνα
λογίζεται
τῆς
ἐπαγγελίας
εἰς
σπέρμα
τὰ
τέκνα
οὐ
τῆς
σαρκὸς
τέκνα
ταῦτα
τοῦ
θεοῦ
ἀλλὰ
τοῦτ’
ἔστιν
Romans 9:9
γὰρ
λόγος
ἐπαγγελίας
οὗτος
υἱός
ἐλεύσομαι
Κατὰ
τὸν
καιρὸν
τοῦτον
ἔσται
τῇ
Σάρρᾳ
καὶ
Romans 9:10
Ῥεβέκκα
participle
ἔχουσα
καὶ
κοίτην
ἐξ
ἑνὸς
equals
table
Ἰσαὰκ
τοῦ
πατρὸς
ἡμῶν
ἀλλὰ
γὰρ
γεννηθέντων
μήπω
πραξάντων
τι
ἀγαθὸν
φαῦλον
μηδὲ
ἐρρέθη
αὐτῇ
μείζων
δουλεύσει
τῷ
ἐλάσσονι
ὅτι
γέγραπται
ἠγάπησα
Τὸν
Ἰακὼβ
ἐμίσησα
τὸν
Ἠσαῦ
δὲ
καθὼς
πρόθεσις
μένῃ
τοῦ
θεοῦ
κατ’
ἐκλογὴν
ἐξ
οὐκ
ἐκ
ἔργων
τοῦ
καλοῦντος
ἀλλ’
ἵνα
δέ
(It)
(was)
μόνον
οὐ
(this)
but it is not that the declaration of God has failed
not all those from Israel are Israel nor because they are seed of Abraham are all children but seed shall be called for you through Isaac
dative of advantage
That is, this children of God are not the children of the flesh but the children of the promise are reckoned for seed.
For the word of promise is this, I shall come about (temporal kata) this time and a son shall be with Sarai
sexual relations, conceived
Passive verb, so what had been said is the subject of the clause. That the greater will serve the lesser had been said to her.
When they were not yet born nor done anything good or evil, "the older will serve the younger" was said to her, in order that the predestination of God according to election might remain not by work but by the one who calls just as it is written, I loved Jacob but I hated Esau.
diagram
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.