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δούλος
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Who is there that does good?
Romans 2:9-10
Wrath and indignation to those who persevere in obeying unrighteousness
Romans 2:8
Eternal life to those who persevere in doing good
Romans 2:7
The just and righteous Judge, rendering just and righteous judgment
Romans 2:6
Why we shouldn't skip the bad news
Romans 2:5
The sin of presuming on God's mercy and grace
Romans 2:4
No one can escape the judgment of God, and everyone stands guilty before Him
Romans 2:3
And we know these things!
Romans 2:2
Self-condemnation - judging others while practicing the same things
Romans 2:1
Paul's Critique of Jewish Presumption
Romans 2:1-5
Those who give hearty approval to sinners
Romans 1:32
The unregenerate Gentiles - inventors of evil
Romans 1:29-31
Train up a child in the way he should go, and he will not depart from it.
Romans 1:29-31
Romans 1:28-31 - Paul's list of "social ills" - haters of God
Romans 1:29-31
God's abandonment to a depraved mind.
Romans 1:28
The men who suppress and reject God's revealed truth.
Romans 1:27
God's judgment on man's rejection of His revealed truth
Romans 1:26
Paul thanks God for Timothy's sincere faith.
2 Timothy 1:3-5
God's grace, mercy, and peace to Paul's beloved son Timothy.
2 Timothy 1:1-2
"The underlying emphasis of the book of Romans is that salvation produces total transformation." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 7:4-5
"If a criminal dies, he is no longer subject to prosecution and punishment, no matter how numerous and heinous his crimes may have been."
Romans 7:1-3
"In chapter 7 Paul expounds the second truth in verse 6:14, that believers are now under grace." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 7:1-6
"Only the Son of God could have paid the cost of salvation. But He calls His followers to pay the cost of discipleship" ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:23
"Without exception, every person who trusts in Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord is freed from sin and enslaved to God." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:20-22
"God delivers men from enslavement to sin for the sole purpose of their becoming enslaved to Him and to His righteousness." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:19
"After genuine salvation a person will have the innate, Spirit-led desire to know and to obey God's truth." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:17-18
"The unsaved person is not free to do good or evil as he chooses. He is bound and enslaved to sin, and the only thing he can do is sin."
Romans 6:16
"A life that gives no evidence of moral and spiritual transformation gives no evidence of salvation." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:15
view all (29 total)
How God puts the riches of His grace on display
Ephesians 2:1-10
God acted for His own glory, not for our glory. We benefit, because God wanted to put the riches of His grace on display.
#grace
#God
#Christ
Published June 3rd, 2021
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Ephesians 2:1-10
NASB
Block Diagram
Step 1 - Grasp the text in their town
Step 2 - Measure the width of the river to cross
Step 3 - Cross the principlizing bridge
Step 4 - Consult the biblical map
Step 5 - Grasp the text in our town
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Ephesians 2:1-10 NASB
NT
Ephesians 2:1-10
nasb
Made Alive in Christ 2 1 And you 1 were a dead 2 in your trespasses and sins, 2 in which you a formerly walked according to the 1 course of b this world, according to c the prince of the power of the air, of the spirit that is now working in d the sons of disobedience. 3 Among them we too all a formerly lived in b the lusts of our flesh, 1 indulging the desires of the flesh and of the 2 mind, and were c by nature d children of wrath, e even as the rest. 4 But God, being a rich in mercy, because of b His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were a dead 1 in our transgressions, made us alive together 2 with Christ ( b by grace you have been saved), 6 and a raised us up with Him, and b seated us with Him in c the heavenly places in d Christ Jesus, 7 so that in the ages to come He might show the surpassing a riches of His grace in b kindness toward us in Christ Jesus. 8 For a by grace you have been saved b through faith; and 1 that not of yourselves, it is c the gift of God; 9 a not as a result of works, so that b no one may boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, a created in b Christ Jesus for c good works, which God d prepared beforehand so that we would e walk in them.
Block Diagram
Ephesians 2:1-10
byz04
And
Καὶ ὑμᾶς ὄντας νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασι καὶ ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις,
Progression
you were dead
in your
Locative
a) trespasses
[s +] and
Idea-Explanation
b) sins,
formerly
ἐν αἷς ποτε περιεπατήσατε κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος, τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας·
Temporal
in which you ... walked
Idea-Explanation
according to the course of this world,
Action-Manner
according to the prince of the power of the air,
Idea-Explanation
of the spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience.
Idea-Explanation
Among them
ἐν οἷς καὶ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἀνεστράφημέν ποτε ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν, ποιοῦντες τὰ θελήματα τῆς σαρκὸς καὶ τῶν διανοιῶν, καὶ ἦμεν τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς, ὡς καὶ οἱ λοιποί· –
too
Comparison
all
Idea-Explanation
a) we ... ... ... lived
in the lusts of our flesh,
Action-Manner
indulging the desires
Idea-Explanation
a) of the flesh
[s +] and
Idea-Explanation
b) of the mind,
[s +] and
by nature
Ground
b) were ... children of wrath,
even as the rest.
But
ὁ δὲ Θεὸς πλούσιος ὢν ἐν ἐλέει, διὰ τὴν πολλὴν ἀγάπην αὐτοῦ ἣν ἠγάπησεν ἡμᾶς,
Concessive
God (did something),
Action-Purpose
being rich in mercy,
because of His great love with which He loved us,
even when we were dead in our transgressions,
καὶ ὄντας ἡμᾶς νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασι συνεζωοποίησε τῷ Χριστῷ· χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι·
a) made us alive
together with Christ
Action-Manner
(by grace you have been saved),
[p +] and
καὶ συνήγειρε καὶ συνεκάθισεν ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,
Idea-Explanation
b) raised us up with Him,
c) seated us with Him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,
in the ages to come
ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσι τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸν ὑπερβάλλοντα πλοῦτον τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφ᾽ ἡμᾶς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ.
surpassing
Idea-Explanation
so that ... He [God] might show the ... riches of His grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι διὰ τῆς πίστεως· καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, Θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον,
by grace
[For] you have been saved
through faith;
Action-Manner
and that not of yourselves,
(+) it is the gift of God;
Action-Purpose
(-) not as a result of works,
οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων, ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται.
Negative-Positive
so that no one may boast.
Action-Purpose
For we are His workmanship,
αὐτοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν ποίημα, κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς, οἷς προητοίμασεν ὁ Θεὸς ἵνα ἐν αὐτοῖς περιπατήσωμεν.
created in Christ Jesus
Idea-Explanation
for good works,
Grounds
which God prepared
Idea-Explanation
beforehand
so that we would walk in them.
Action-Purpose
Paul was telling the Ephesian believers that God wanted to show the riches of His grace in kindness toward them. In order to do this, he made them alive together with Christ, raised them up with Christ, and seated them with Christ in the heavenly places. He did this - making them alive - even though (in spite of the fact) that they were utterly dead in the trespasses and sins in which they formerly (past-tense) walked, just like the "sons of disobedience." Just like them, they used to live in the lusts of their flesh, and were children of wrath (past-tense).
phrasing
notes
Step 1 - Grasp the text in their town
Question: What did the text mean to the original audience? Paul was telling the Ephesian believers that God wanted to show the riches of His grace in kindness toward them (this is the main point). In order to do this, he made them alive together with Christ, raised them up with Christ, and seated them with Christ in the heavenly places. He did this - making them alive - even though (in spite of the fact) that they were utterly dead in the trespasses and sins in which they formerly (past-tense) walked, just like the "sons of disobedience." Just like them, they used to live in the lusts of their flesh, and were children of wrath (past-tense).
Step 2 - Measure the width of the river to cross
Question: What are the differences between the biblical audience and us?
Step 3 - Cross the principlizing bridge
Question: What is the theological principle in this text? 1. Even though God loves us, He did not act because "we are so special" or because He "needs us." God acted - making us alive with Christ, raising us up with Him, and seating us with Him in the heavenly places - for the main purpose of putting on display the riches of His grace. He acted for His own glory, not for our glory. Any benefit we get out of it, is a secondary result that happens after the primary result - God getting glory for the riches of His grace.
Step 4 - Consult the biblical map
Question: How does our theological principle fit with the rest of the Bible?
Step 5 - Grasp the text in our town
Question: How should individual Christians today live out the theological principles?
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.