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δούλος
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Who is there that does good?
Romans 2:9-10
Wrath and indignation to those who persevere in obeying unrighteousness
Romans 2:8
Eternal life to those who persevere in doing good
Romans 2:7
The just and righteous Judge, rendering just and righteous judgment
Romans 2:6
Why we shouldn't skip the bad news
Romans 2:5
No one can escape the judgment of God, and everyone stands guilty before Him
Romans 2:3
And we know these things!
Romans 2:2
Self-condemnation - judging others while practicing the same things
Romans 2:1
Paul's Critique of Jewish Presumption
Romans 2:1-5
Those who give hearty approval to sinners
Romans 1:32
The unregenerate Gentiles - inventors of evil
Romans 1:29-31
Train up a child in the way he should go, and he will not depart from it.
Romans 1:29-31
Romans 1:28-31 - Paul's list of "social ills" - haters of God
Romans 1:29-31
God's abandonment to a depraved mind.
Romans 1:28
The men who suppress and reject God's revealed truth.
Romans 1:27
God's judgment on man's rejection of His revealed truth
Romans 1:26
Paul thanks God for Timothy's sincere faith.
2 Timothy 1:3-5
God's grace, mercy, and peace to Paul's beloved son Timothy.
2 Timothy 1:1-2
"The underlying emphasis of the book of Romans is that salvation produces total transformation." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 7:4-5
"If a criminal dies, he is no longer subject to prosecution and punishment, no matter how numerous and heinous his crimes may have been."
Romans 7:1-3
"In chapter 7 Paul expounds the second truth in verse 6:14, that believers are now under grace." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 7:1-6
"Only the Son of God could have paid the cost of salvation. But He calls His followers to pay the cost of discipleship" ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:23
"Without exception, every person who trusts in Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord is freed from sin and enslaved to God." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:20-22
"God delivers men from enslavement to sin for the sole purpose of their becoming enslaved to Him and to His righteousness." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:19
"After genuine salvation a person will have the innate, Spirit-led desire to know and to obey God's truth." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:17-18
"The unsaved person is not free to do good or evil as he chooses. He is bound and enslaved to sin, and the only thing he can do is sin."
Romans 6:16
"A life that gives no evidence of moral and spiritual transformation gives no evidence of salvation." ~ John MacArthur
Romans 6:15
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Romans 2:4
The sin of presuming on God's mercy and grace
#romans
#grace
Published September 7th, 2020; Updated September 7th, 2020
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Romans 2:4
NASB
The sin of presuming on God's mercy and grace
Block Diagram
NT
Romans 2:4
i. Critique of Jewish Presumption (2:1-5)
Or
Alternative
do you think lightly of the riches
a) of His kindness
and
General-Specific
b) tolerance
c) patience,
not knowing that
Ground
the kindness of God
Action-Purpose
leads you to repentance?
Idea-Explanation
nasb
mine
phrasing
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Romans 2:4 NASB
Romans 2:4
4 Or do you think lightly of a the riches of His b kindness and c tolerance and d patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance?
notes
The sin of presuming on God's mercy and grace
The "or" that v. 2:4 begins with, is not a true alternative to the question that Paul started in v. 2:3. Both questions, essentially, are rhetorical in nature. In v. 2.3 Paul asks if they suppose that they will escape the judgment of God, in light of v. 2:2 saying that they know, together with Paul, that those who commit these sins will be judged by God. The obvious answer to the rhetorical question is "No, you should know that you also won't escape God's judgment!" The answer to the rhetorical question in v. 2:4 is "Yes, you ARE thinking lightly of the riches of God's kindness and tolerance and patience, exactly BECAUSE you KNOW that God's kindness does not excuse sin, but that it has the exact purpose of leading you to repentance!" Likewise, many Christians today wrongly think that God's mercy exists in order to excuse their sin. "I can sin, because God will forgive me..." or something to that effect. God's Word makes clear, in no uncertain terms, that those who think this way will not only go to hell, but will receive a much stricter judgment there. These kinds of people, and what they teach of God's grace and mercy is described by Jude in the introduction of his letter - "certain persons have crept in unnoticed... ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness" - in other words, they turn God's grace and mercy into a license to sin - "and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ" - and by doing so, they deny the person who is SUPPOSED to be their Lord and Master, Christ (Jude 1:4). This is exactly what the false teachers in Titus is described as doing - " They profess to know God" - they SAY they love Him and follow Him - "but by their DEEDS they DENY Him" - showing clearly that saying you are a Christian means nothing, if you deny your verbal profession by the way you live (Titus 1:16). The book of Hebrews, perhaps, gives the strongest warning against this (Hebrews 10:26-31): For if we GO ON SINNING WILLFULLY after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there NO LONGER remains a sacrifice for sins, BUT a terrifying expectation of judgment and THE FURY OF A FIRE WHICH WILL CONSUME THE ADVERSARIES. ... How much SEVERER PUNISHMENT do you think he will deserve who has TRAMPLED UNDER FOOT the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was SANCTIFIED, and has INSULTED the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said, “VENGEANCE IS MINE, I WILL REPAY.” And again, “THE LORD WILL JUDGE HIS PEOPLE.” It is a TERRIFYING thing to fall into the hands of the living God. Have no doubt - if you go on sinning willfully and unrepentantly, presuming on God's mercy and grace, perverting it into a license to sin, there no longer remains a sacrifice for your sin. You are insulting the Spirit of grace. You are regarding the blood of the covenant as unclean. You are trampling under foot the Son of God. And you will fall into the hands of the living God. This should terrify you. If it does, take heart, for "the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom" (Proverbs 9:10).
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.