Hosea 2:16-23 (English)
Hosea 2:16-23
God's lavish covenant love will reverse the effects and implications of covenant adultery.
#hosea
#covenant
Published March 22nd, 2018
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Main point summary
Hosea 2:16-23
ESV
Notes
Discourse
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Main point summary
God's Restored Covenant (Marriage) Reverses the Implications of Hosea's Children's Names
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Hosea 2:16-23 ESV
OT
Hosea 2:16-23
esv
16 “And h in that day, declares the Lord , you will call me ‘My Husband,’ and no longer will you call me ‘My Baal.’ 17 For i I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth, and they shall be remembered by name no more. 18 And j I will make for them a covenant on that day with the beasts of the field, the birds of the heavens, and the creeping things of the ground. And k I will abolish 1 the bow, the sword, and war from the land, and I will make you lie down in l safety. 19 And I will betroth you to me m forever. n I will betroth you to me in righteousness and in justice, in steadfast love and in mercy. 20 n I will betroth you to me in faithfulness. And o you shall know the Lord . 21 “And p in that day q I will answer, declares the Lord , I will answer the heavens, and they shall answer the earth, 22 and the earth shall answer the grain, the wine, and the oil, and they shall answer r Jezreel, 1 23 and s I will sow her for myself in the land. And t I u will have mercy on No Mercy, 1 and v I will say to Not My People, 2 w ‘You are my people’; and he shall say, ‘You are my God.’”
Notes
vv. 16-17 - Israel will stop calling Yahweh "My Baal" because God will remove the Baals from her mouth (17a). The result is that the Baals will be remembered no more (v. 17b) v. 18 - God will make a (creation-like) covenant (18a-i) so that Israel would lie down in safety (18j). vv. 19-20 - God will marry Israel to himself (19a, 19c, 20a) with the result that Israel knows the Lord (20c). The covenant God will make (v. 18) is that he will betroth Israel to himself (Ac-Mn; vv. 18-20). vv. 21-23 - The final poetic section restates the narrative section (vv. 16-20), but rather than the alternative of Israel calling God Husband versus calling God "Baal" (v 16b-c). Hosea reverses the implications of Hosea's children's names. Both sections indicate a change in the relationship between God and his people via the change of name. Israel will no longer call God Baal because of the covenant (marriage) that he will make with them that removes the Baals from her mouth. Likewise, those whom God formerly named "No Mercy" and "Not My People" will receive mercy and will be called God's people respectively. God's covenant marriage that elicits Israel calling Him by a new name, also elicits the reversal of the effects of Hosea's children's names.
Discourse
editing
Hosea 2:16-23
wlc
וְהָיָ֤ה בַיּוֹם־הַהוּא֙ נְאֻם־יְהוָ֔ה
“And h in that day, declares the Lord ,
תִּקְרְאִ֖י אִישִׁ֑י
you will call me ‘My Husband,’
וְלֹֽא־תִקְרְאִי־לִ֥י ע֖וֹד בַּעְלִֽי׃
and no longer will you call me ‘My Baal.’
alternative
Reverse Temporal
distinct
וַהֲסִרֹתִ֛י אֶת־שְׁמ֥וֹת הַבְּעָלִ֖ים מִפִּ֑יהָ
For i I will remove the names of the Baals from her mouth,
וְלֹֽא־יִזָּכְר֥וּ ע֖וֹד בִּשְׁמָֽם׃
and they shall be remembered by name no more.
progression
ground
וְכָרַתִּ֨י לָהֶ֤ם בְּרִית֙
And j I will make for them a covenant
בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא
on that day
temporal
עִם־חַיַּ֤ת הַשָּׂדֶה֙
with the beasts of the field,
וְעִם־ע֣וֹף הַשָּׁמַ֔יִם
the birds of the heavens,
וְרֶ֖מֶשׂ הָֽאֲדָמָ֑ה
and the creeping things of the ground.
series
actionmanner
וְקֶ֨שֶׁת
But the bow,
וְחֶ֤רֶב
the sword,
וּמִלְחָמָה֙
and war
אֶשְׁבּ֣וֹר מִן־הָאָ֔רֶץ
I will break from the land
Manner-Action
restate
Mn
Ac
וְהִשְׁכַּבְתִּ֖ים לָבֶֽטַח׃
and I will make you lie down in safety.
actionpurpose
וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִ֖י
And I will betroth you to me
לְעוֹלָ֑ם
m forever.
וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִי֙
n I will betroth you to me
בְּצֶ֣דֶק
in righteousness
וּבְמִשְׁפָּ֔ט
and in justice,
וּבְחֶ֖סֶד
in steadfast love
וּֽבְרַחֲמִֽים׃
and in mercy.
וְאֵרַשְׂתִּ֥יךְ לִ֖י
n I will betroth you to me
בֶּאֱמוּנָ֑ה
in faithfulness.
וְיָדַ֖עַתְּ אֶת־יְהוָֽה׃ס
And o you shall know the Lord .
actionresult
וְהָיָ֣ה׀ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא
“And p in that day
אֶֽעֱנֶה֙ נְאֻם־יְהוָ֔ה
q I will answer, declares the Lord ,
אֶעֱנֶ֖ה אֶת־הַשָּׁמָ֑יִם
I will answer the heavens,
וְהֵ֖ם יַעֲנ֥וּ אֶת־הָאָֽרֶץ׃
and they shall answer the earth,
וְהָאָ֣רֶץ תַּעֲנֶ֔ה
and the earth shall answer
אֶת־הַדָּגָ֖ן
the grain,
וְאֶת־הַתִּיר֣וֹשׁ
the wine,
וְאֶת־הַיִּצְהָ֑ר
and the oil,
ideaexplanation
וְהֵ֖ם יַעֲנ֥וּ אֶֽת־יִזְרְעֶֽאל׃
and they shall answer r Jezreel, 1
Reverse Temporal
וּזְרַעְתִּ֤יהָ לִּי֙
and s I will sow her for myself
בָּאָ֔רֶץ
in the land.
locative
וְרִֽחַמְתִּ֖י אֶת־לֹ֣א רֻחָ֑מָה
And t I u will have mercy on No Mercy, 1
וְאָמַרְתִּ֤י לְלֹֽא־עַמִּי֙
and v I will say to Not My People, 2
עַמִּי־אַ֔תָּה
w ‘You are my people’;
וְה֖וּא יֹאמַ֥ר אֱלֹהָֽי׃פ
and he shall say, ‘You are my God.’”
Action-Reaction
ReAc
Restatement
Restmnt
This action manner I'm reading as God will remove the Baals BY making a covenant with the land and by betrothing Israel to himself. In other words, God will remove the idols because he will do a covenantal work on Israel's behalf that gives them a greater love for Yahweh than their love for Baal. It will be a marital love (betrothal), and it will be grounded in a "creation-like" covenant.
The poetic section of vv. 21-23 is a restatement of vv. 16-20. The first section highlights Israel no longer calling God "my Baal," but referring to him as a husband (cf. whoredom motif and covenant marriage relationship). The restatement takes that restored covenant idea and betrothal and reverses the names of Gomer's children as the restatement that not only will God reverse the implications of the children's names, but in fact, God's people will once again call him by a new name, namely a covenantal name, "My God."
discourse
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