Outline of the First Narrative: John and Jesus - Matthew 3:1-4:25 A. JOHN: THE CONTENT OF HIS MINISTRY AND HIS PERSON 3:1-6 A. John: His Message 3:1-2 B. Confirmation of the Message 3:3 A'. John: His Person 3:4 B'. Response to the Message 3:5-6 B. JOHN AND THE RELIGIOUS RULERS 3:7-12 A. John and the Religious Rulers 3:7-9 B. Parable 3:10 A'. John and the Messiah 3:11 B'. Parable 3:12 C. JOHN AND JESUS: THE BAPTISM OF JESUS 3:13-17 A. Request for Baptism 3:13 B. Denial of the Request 3:14 C. We Must Fulfill Righteousness 3:15a B'. Approval of the Request 3:15b A'. Result of Baptism 3:16-17 D. TEMPTATION OF JESUS 4:1-11 A. Preparation for Temptation 4:1-2 B1. First Temptation and Refusal 4:3-4 B2. Second Temptation and Refusal 4:5-7 B3. Third Temptation and Refusal 4:8-10 A'. Comfort after Temptation 4:11 C'. JESUS AND JOHN: THE BEGINNING OF THE MINISTRY OF JESUS 4:12-17 A. The Location of Jesus' Ministry 4:12-13 B. Prophecy 4:14-16 A'. The Content of Jesus' Ministry 4:17 B'. JESUS AND HIS FIRST DISCIPLES 4:18-22 A. Peter and Andrew 4:18 B. Call to Follow 4:19-20 A'. James and John 4:21a B'. Call to Follow 4:21b-22 A'. JESUS: THE CONTENT OF HIS MINISTRY AND ITS REACH 4:23-25 A. The Content of His Ministry 4:23 B. The Reach of His Ministry 4:24 C. The Followers of His Ministry 4:25
A. John: The Content of His Ministry and His Person
A. John: His Message
Now in those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea, saying,
“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
B. Confirmation of the Message
For this is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet when he said, “The voice of
one crying in the wilderness, ‘Make ready the way of the Lord, Make His paths straight!’”
A'. John: His Person
Now John himself had a garment of camel’s hair and a leather belt around his waist; and his food was locusts and wild honey.
B'. Reaponse to the Message
Then Jerusalem was going out to him, and all Judea and all the district around the Jordan;
and they were being baptized by him in the Jordan River, as they confessed their sins.
B. John and the Religious Rulers
A. John and the Religious Rulers
But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them, “You brood of vipers, who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?
Therefore bear fruit in keeping with repentance;
and do not suppose that you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our father’; for I say to you that from these stones God is able to raise up children to Abraham.
The axe is already laid at the root of the trees; therefore every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.
A'. John and the Messiah
“As for me, I baptize you with water for repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, and I am not fit to remove His sandals; He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire.
His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clear His threshing floor; and He will gather His wheat into the barn, but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”
C. John and Jesus: The Baptism of Jesus
A. Request for Baptism
Then Jesus arrived from Galilee at the Jordan coming to John, to be baptized by him.
B. Denial of the Request
But John tried to prevent Him, saying, “I have need to be baptized by You, and do You come to me?”
C. We Must Fulfill All Righteousness
But Jesus answering said to him, “Permit it at this time; for in this way it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.”
B'. Approval of the Request
Then he permitted Him.
A'. Result of Baptism
After being baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove and lighting on Him,
and behold, a voice out of the heavens said, “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well- pleased.”
D. The Temptation of Jesus
A. Preparation for Temptation
Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry.
B1. First Temptation and Refusal
And the tempter came and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.”
But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.’”
B2. Second Temptation and Refusal
Then the devil took Him into the holy city and had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple,
and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down; for it is written, ‘He will command His angels concerning You’; and ‘On their hands they will bear You up, So that You will not strike Your foot against a stone.’”
Jesus said to him, “On the other hand, it is written, ‘You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.’”
B3. Third Temptation and Refusal
Again, the devil took Him to a very high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world and their glory;
and he said to Him, “All these things I will give You, if You fall down and worship me.”
Then Jesus said to him, “Go, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.’”
Jesus rejects the temptation, choosing instead the role of the suffering Messiah.
A'. Comfort after Temptation
Then the devil left Him; and behold, angels came and began to minister to Him.
C'. Jesus and John: The Beginning of the Ministry of Jesus
A. Location of Jesus' Ministry
Now when Jesus heard that John had been taken into custody, He withdrew into Galilee;
and leaving Nazareth, He came and settled in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali.
This was to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet:
“The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles—
“The people who were sitting in darkness saw a great Light, And those who were sitting in the land and shadow of death, Upon them a Light dawned.”
A'. Content of Jesus' Ministry
From that time Jesus began to preach and say, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”
B'. Jesus and His Frist Disciples
A. Peter and Andrew
Now as Jesus was walking by the Sea of Galilee, He saw two brothers, Simon who was called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea; for they were fishermen.
B. Call to Folow
And He said to them, “Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.”
Immediately they left their nets and followed Him.
A'. James and John
Going on from there He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and He called them.
B'. Call to Follow
Immediately they left the boat and their father, and followed Him.
A'. Jesus: The Content of His Ministry and Its Reach
A. The Content of His Ministry
Jesus was going throughout all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every kind of disease and every kind of sickness among the people.
B. The Reach of His Ministry
The news about Him spread throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all who were ill, those suffering with various diseases and pains, demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He healed them.
C. The Followers of His Ministry
Large crowds followed Him from Galilee and the Decapolis and Jerusalem and Judea and from beyond the Jordan.