Outline of the Fourth Narrative: Rejection and Ministry 13:54-17:27 A1. Rejection 13:54-14:12 i. Jesus Is Rejected by His Hometown 13:54-58 ii. Herod Hears about Jesus 14:1-12 B1. MINISTRY TO THE JEWS 14:13-36 i. Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand 14:13-21 ii. Jesus and Peter Walk on Water 14:22-33 iii. Jesus Heals the Sick in Gennesaret 14:34-36 A2. Rejection 15:1-20 i. Jesus Argues with the Pharisees over Traditions 15:1-9 ii. Jesus Teaches on Defilement 15:10-20 B2. MINISTRY TO THE GENTILES 15:21-39 i. Jesus Heals a Canaanite Woman‘s Daughter 15:21-28 ii. Jesus Heals the Many 15:29-31 iii. Jesus Feeds the Four Thousand 15:32-39 A3. Rejection 16:1-12 i. The Jewish Leaders Demand a Sign 16:1-4 ii. Jesus Warns His Disciples about the Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees 16:5-12 B3. MINISTRY TO THE DISCIPLES 16:13-17:27 i. A. Peter Confesses that Jesus Is the Christ 16:13-20 ii. B. Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection 16:21-23 iii. C. Jesus Teaches on Costly Discipleship 16:24-28 iv. D. The Transfiguration 17:1-13 v. C'. Jesus Delivers a Boy from Demonic Oppression 17:14-21 vi. B'. Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection 17:22-23 vii. A'. Peter Learns about Jesus and the Poll Tax 17:24-27
JESUS IS REJECTED BY HIS HOMETOWN
He came to His hometown and began teaching them in their synagogue,
so that they were astonished, and said,
“Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?
Is not this the carpenter’s son? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brothers, James and Joseph and Simon and Judas?
And His sisters, are they not all with us? Where then did this man get all these things?”
And they took offense at Him.
But Jesus said to them,
“A prophet is not without honor except in his hometown and in his own household.”
And He did not do many miracles there because of their unbelief.
HEROD HEARS ABOUT JESUS
A. News of Jesus' Ministry Reaches Herod
At that time Herod the tetrarch heard the news about Jesus,
and said to his servants,
“This is John the Baptist; he has risen from the dead, and that is why miraculous powers are at work in him.”
B. Herod has John Imprisoned
For when Herod had John arrested, he bound him and put him in prison because of Herodias, the wife of his brother Philip.
For John had been saying to him,
“It is not lawful for you to have her.”
Although Herod wanted to put him to death, he feared the crowd, because they regarded John as a prophet.
B'. Herod has John Beheaded
But when Herod’s birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before them and pleased Herod,
so much that he promised with an oath to give her whatever she asked.
Having been prompted by her mother, she said,
“Give me here on a platter the head of John the Baptist.”
Although he was grieved,
the king commanded it to be given because of his oaths, and because of his dinner guests.
He sent and had John beheaded in the prison.
And his head was brought on a platter and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother.
A'. News of John's Death Reaches Jesus
His disciples came and took away the body and buried it; and they went and reported to Jesus.
B1. Ministry to the Jews
JESUS FEEDS THE FIVE THOUSAND
Now when Jesus heard about John, He withdrew from there in a boat to a secluded place by Himself;
and when the people heard of this, they followed Him on foot from the cities.
When He went ashore, He saw a large crowd, and felt compassion for them and healed their sick.
When it was evening, the disciples came to Him and said,
“This place is desolate and the hour is already late; so send the crowds away, that they may go into the villages and buy food for themselves.”
But Jesus said to them,
“They do not need to go away; you give them something to eat!”
They said to Him,
“We have here only five loaves and two fish.”
And He said,
“Bring them here to Me.”
Ordering the people to sit down on the grass, He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up toward heaven, He blessed the food, and breaking the loaves He gave them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the crowds,
and they all ate and were satisfied.
They picked up what was left over of the broken pieces, twelve full baskets.
There were about five thousand men who ate, besides women and children.
JESUS AND PETER WALK ON WATER
A. Jesus Prays
Immediately He made the disciples get into the boat and go ahead of Him to the other side, while He sent the crowds away.
After He had sent the crowds away, He went up on the mountain by Himself to pray; and when it was evening, He was there alone.
But the boat was already a long distance from the land, battered by the waves; for the wind was contrary.
B. Jesus Walks on Water
And in the fourth watch of the night He came to them, walking on the sea.
When the disciples saw Him walking on the sea, they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” And they cried out in fear.
But immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying,
“Take courage, it is I; do not be afraid.”
B'. Peter Walks on Water
Peter said to Him,
“Lord, if it is You, command me to come to You on the water.”
And He said,
And Peter got out of the boat, and walked on the water and came toward Jesus.
But seeing the wind, he became frightened, and beginning to sink, he cried out,
“Lord, save me!”
Immediately Jesus stretched out His hand and took hold of him, and said to him,
“You of little faith, why did you doubt?”
A'. Disciples Worship
When they got into the boat, the wind stopped.
And those who were in the boat worshiped Him, saying,
“You are certainly God’s Son!”
JESUS HEALS THE SICK IN GENNESARET
When they had crossed over, they came to land at Gennesaret.
And when the men of that place recognized Him, they sent word into all that surrounding district and brought to Him all who were sick;
and they implored Him that they might just touch the fringe of His cloak; and as many as touched it were cured.
JESUS ARGUES WITH THE PHARISEES OVER TRADITIONS
Then some Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said,
“Why do Your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread.”
And He answered and said to them,
“Why do you yourselves transgress the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition?
For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother,’ and, ‘He who speaks evil of father or mother is to be put to death.’
But you say, ‘Whoever says to his father or mother, “Whatever I have that would help you has been given to God,”
he is not to honor his father or his mother.’
And by this you invalidated the word of God for the sake of your tradition.
You hypocrites, rightly did Isaiah prophesy of you:
‘This people honors Me with their lips, But their heart is far away from Me.
‘But in vain do they worship Me, Teaching as doctrines the precepts of men.’”
JESUS TEACHES ON DEFILEMENT
A. Defilement Comes Not from Without but from Within
After Jesus called the crowd to Him, He said to them,
“Hear and understand.
It is not what enters into the mouth that defiles the man,
but what proceeds out of the mouth, this defiles the man.”
B. First Request: What about the Pharisees?
Then the disciples came and said to Him,
“Do You know that the Pharisees were offended when they heard this statement?”
C. First Response: They Are Blind Guides
But He answered and said,
“Every plant which My heavenly Father did not plant shall be uprooted.
Let them alone; they are blind guides of the blind. And if a blind man guides a blind man, both will fall into a pit.”
B'. Second Request: Explain the Parable
Peter said to Him,
“Explain the parable to us.”
C'. Second Response: Defilement Originates in the Heart
“Are you still lacking in understanding also?
Do you not understand that everything that goes into the mouth passes into the stomach, and is eliminated?
But the things that proceed out of the mouth come from the heart, and those defile the man.
For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders.
A'. Defilement Comes from Within and Not from Without
These are the things which defile the man; but to eat with unwashed hands does not defile the man.”
B2. Ministry to the Gentiles
JESUS HEALS THE CANAANITE WOMAN'S DAUGHTER
Jesus went away from there, and withdrew into the district of Tyre and Sidon.
Request for Help - No Answer!
And a Canaanite woman from that region came out and began to cry out, saying,
“Have mercy on me, Lord, Son of David; my daughter is cruelly demon- possessed.”
But He did not answer her a word.
Request to Send Her Away - Only Sent for the Jews!
And His disciples came and implored Him, saying,
“Send her away, because she keeps shouting at us.”
But He answered and said,
“I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
Request for Help - Children's Bread not for Dogs!
But she came and began to bow down before Him, saying,
“Lord, help me!”
And He answered and said,
“It is not good to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.”
Request for Crumbs - Healing!
But she said,
“Yes, Lord; but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table.”
Then Jesus said to her,
“O woman, your faith is great; it shall be done for you as you wish.” And her daughter was healed at once.
JESUS HEALS THE MANY
Departing from there, Jesus went along by the Sea of Galilee, and having gone up on the mountain, He was sitting there.
And large crowds came to Him, bringing with them those who were lame, crippled, blind, mute, and many others, and they laid them down at His feet; and He healed them.
So the crowd marveled as they saw the mute speaking, the crippled restored, and the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel.
JESUS FEEDS THE FOUR THOUSAND
And Jesus called His disciples to Him, and said,
“I feel compassion for the people, because they have remained with Me now three days and have nothing to eat; and I do not want to send them away hungry,
for they might faint on the way.”
The disciples said to Him,
“Where would we get so many loaves in this desolate place to satisfy such a large crowd?”
And Jesus said to them,
“How many loaves do you have?”
And they said,
“Seven, and a few small fish.”
And He directed the people to sit down on the ground;
and He took the seven loaves and the fish; and giving thanks, He broke them and started giving them to the disciples, and the disciples gave them to the people.
And they all ate and were satisfied, and they picked up what was left over of the broken pieces, seven large baskets full.
And those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and children.
And sending away the crowds, Jesus got into the boat and came to the region of Magadan.
THE JEWISH LEADERS DEMAND A SIGN
The Pharisees and Sadducees came up, and testing Jesus, they asked Him to show them a sign from heaven.
But He replied to them,
“When it is evening, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.’
And in the morning, ‘There will be a storm today, for the sky is red and threatening.’
Do you know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but cannot discern the signs of the times?
An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign; and a sign will not be given it, except the sign of Jonah.”
And He left them and went away.
JESUS WARNS HIS DISCIPLES ABOUT THE LEAVEN OF THE PHARISEES AND SADDUCEES
And the disciples came to the other side of the sea, but they had forgotten to bring any bread.
And Jesus said to them,
“Watch out and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
B. No Understanding
They began to discuss this among themselves, saying,
“He said that because we did not bring any bread.”
But Jesus, aware of this, said,
“You men of little faith, why do you discuss among yourselves that you have no bread?
Do you not yet understand or remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets full you picked up?
Or the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many large baskets full you picked up?
How is it that you do not understand that I did not speak to you concerning bread?
But beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”
Then they understood that He did not say to beware of the leaven of bread,
but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
B3. Ministry to the Disciples
A. PETER CONFESSES THAT JESUS IS THE CHRIST
A. People's View of Jesus
Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, He was asking His disciples,
“Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”
And they said,
“Some say John the Baptist; and others, Elijah; but still others, Jeremiah, or one of the prophets.”
A' Disciples' View of Jesus
He said to them,
“But who do you say that I am?”
Simon Peter answered,
“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
B. Promise to the Disciples
And Jesus said to him,
“Blessed are you, Simon Barjona,
because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you,
but My Father who is in heaven.
I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.”
B'. Warning to the Disciples
Then He warned the disciples that they should tell no one that He was the Christ.
B. JESUS PREDICTS HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION
From that time Jesus began to show His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day.
Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying,
“God forbid it, Lord! This shall never happen to You.”
But He turned and said to Peter,
“Get behind Me, Satan!
You are a stumbling block to Me;
for you are not setting your mind on God’s interests, but man’s.”
C. JESUS TEACHES ON COSTLY DISCIPLESHIP
A. Call to Follow Christ in this Life
Then Jesus said to His disciples,
“If anyone wishes to come after Me,
he must deny himself, and take up his cross and follow Me.
B. Reward and Punishment at the Judgment
For whoever wishes to save his life will lose it;
but whoever loses his life for My sake will find it.
C. The Value of the Soul
For what will it profit a man if he gains the whole world and forfeits his soul?
Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?
B'. Reward and Punishment at the Judgment
For the Son of Man is going to come in the glory of His Father with His angels,
and will then repay every man according to his deeds.
A'. Promise to See Christ in this Life
“Truly I say to you, there are some of those who are standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in His kingdom.”
D. THE TRANSFIGURATION
Jesus Is Transfigured
A. Jesus Alone with Peter, James and John
Six days later Jesus took with Him Peter and James and John his brother, and led them up on a high mountain by themselves.
B. Jesus Is Transfigured
And He was transfigured before them; and His face shone like the sun, and His garments became as white as light.
And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.
C. The Disciples are Terrified
Peter said to Jesus,
Mark states that Peter said this because the disciples were terrified.
“Lord, it is good for us to be here;
if You wish,
I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”
D. Listen to Him!
While he was still speaking, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and behold, a voice out of the cloud said,
“This is My beloved Son, with whom I am well- pleased;
listen to Him!”
C'. The Disciples are Terrified
When the disciples heard this, they fell face down to the ground and were terrified.
B'. Jesus Comforts the Disciples
And Jesus came to them and touched them and said,
“Get up, and do not be afraid.”
A'. Jesus Alone with Peter, James and John
And lifting up their eyes, they saw no one except Jesus Himself alone.
Jesus Explains the Return of Elijah
As they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them, saying,
“Tell the vision to no one until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.”
A. Question about Elijah
And His disciples asked Him,
“Why then do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?”
B. Elijah Has Come
And He answered and said,
“Elijah is coming and will restore all things;
but I say to you that Elijah already came,
and they did not recognize him,
but did to him whatever they wished.
So also the Son of Man is going to suffer at their hands.”
A'. Understanding about Elijah
Then the disciples understood that He had spoken to them about John the Baptist.
C'. JESUS DELIVERS A BOY FROM DEMONIC OPPRESSION
When they came to the crowd, a man came up to Jesus, falling on his knees before Him and saying,
“Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is a lunatic and is very ill;
for he often falls into the fire and often into the water.
I brought him to Your disciples, and they could not cure him.”
And Jesus answered and said,
“You unbelieving and perverted generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I put up with you?
Bring him here to Me.”
And Jesus rebuked him, and the demon came out of him, and the boy was cured at once.
Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said,
“Why could we not drive it out?”
And He said to them,
“Because of the littleness of your faith;
for truly I say to you, if you have faith the size of a mustard seed,
you will say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and it will move; and nothing will be impossible to you.
[But this kind does not go out except by prayer and fasting.”]
B'. JESUS PREDICTS HIS DEATH AND RESURRECTION
And while they were gathering together in Galilee, Jesus said to them,
“The Son of Man is going to be delivered into the hands of men;
and they will kill Him,
and He will be raised on the third day.”
And they were deeply grieved.
A'. PETER LEARNS ABOUT JESUS AND THE POLL TAX
When they came to Capernaum, those who collected the two- drachma tax came to Peter and said,
“Does your teacher not pay the two- drachma tax?”
And when he came into the house, Jesus spoke to him first, saying,
“What do you think, Simon?
From whom do the kings of the earth collect customs or poll- tax, from their sons or from strangers?”
When Peter said,
Jesus said to him,
“Then the sons are exempt.
However, so that we do not offend them,
go to the sea and throw in a hook,
and take the first fish that comes up;
and when you open its mouth, you will find a shekel.
Take that and give it to them for you and Me.”