Jesus is truly the Son of God
Matthew 14:22-33
RRCC Men's Inductive Bible Study on Matthew 14:22-33
Published September 26th, 2022; Updated September 29th, 2022
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Main point summary
Main point summary
Jesus rescued his disciples from the storm, rescued Peter from sinking and calmed the storm as a result his disciples worshipped Him as the Son of God.
Matthew 14:22-33
a Immediately He 1 made the disciples get into the boat
Καὶ εὐθέως ⸀ ἠνάγκασεν τοὺς μαθητὰς ἐμβῆναι ⸀ εἰς πλοῖον
and go ahead of Him to the other side,
καὶ προάγειν αὐτὸν εἰς τὸ πέραν,
while He sent the crowds away.
ἕως οὗ ἀπολύσῃ τοὺς ὄχλους.
After He had sent the crowds away,
καὶ ἀπολύσας τοὺς ὄχλους
a He went up on the mountain by Himself
ἀνέβη εἰς τὸ ὄρος κατ’ ἰδίαν
to pray;
and when it was evening,
ὀψίας δὲ γενομένης
He was there alone.
μόνος ἦν ἐκεῖ.
But the boat was already 1 a long distance from the land,
τὸ δὲ πλοῖον ἤδη ⸂ σταδίους πολλοὺς ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς ἀπεῖχεν ⸃ ,
2 battered by the waves;
βασανιζόμενον ὑπὸ τῶν κυμάτων,
for the wind was 3 a contrary.
ἦν γὰρ ἐναντίος ὁ ἄνεμος.
And in a the 1 fourth watch of the night
τετάρτῃ δὲ φυλακῇ τῆς νυκτὸς
He came to them,
⸀ ἦλθεν πρὸς ⸀ αὐτοὺς
walking on the sea.
περιπατῶν ἐπὶ ⸂ τὴν θάλασσαν ⸃ .
When the disciples saw Him walking on the sea,
⸂ οἱ δὲ μαθηταὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν ⸃ ἐπὶ ⸂ τῆς θαλάσσης περιπατοῦντα ⸃
they were terrified,
and said,
λέγοντες ὅτι
“It is a a ghost!”
Φάντασμά ἐστιν,
And they cried out 1 in fear.
καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ φόβου ἔκραξαν.
But immediately Jesus spoke to them,
⸀ εὐθὺς δὲ ἐλάλησεν ⸂ αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς ⸃
“ a Take courage,
it is I;
ἐγώ εἰμι·
b do not be afraid.”
μὴ φοβεῖσθε.
Peter said to Him,
Ἀποκριθεὶς δὲ ⸂ αὐτῷ ὁ Πέτρος εἶπεν ⸃ ·
“Lord, if it is You,
Κύριε, εἰ σὺ εἶ,
command me to come to You on the water.”
κέλευσόν με ⸂ ἐλθεῖν πρὸς σὲ ⸃ ἐπὶ τὰ ὕδατα·
And He said,
ὁ δὲ εἶπεν·
And Peter got out of the boat,
καὶ καταβὰς ἀπὸ τοῦ ⸀ πλοίου Πέτρος
and walked on the water
περιεπάτησεν ἐπὶ τὰ ὕδατα
and came toward Jesus.
⸂ καὶ ἦλθεν ⸃ πρὸς τὸν Ἰησοῦν.
But seeing the wind,
βλέπων δὲ τὸν ἄνεμον ἰσχυρὸν
he became frightened,
and beginning to sink,
καὶ ἀρξάμενος καταποντίζεσθαι
he cried out,
ἔκραξεν λέγων·
“Lord, save me!”
Κύριε, σῶσόν με.
Immediately Jesus stretched out His hand
εὐθέως δὲ ὁ Ἰησοῦς ἐκτείνας τὴν χεῖρα
and took hold of him,
ἐπελάβετο αὐτοῦ
and * said to him,
καὶ λέγει αὐτῷ·
“ a You of little faith,
why did you doubt?”
εἰς τί ἐδίστασας;
When they got into the boat,
καὶ ⸀ ἀναβάντων αὐτῶν εἰς τὸ πλοῖον
the wind stopped.
ἐκόπασεν ὁ ἄνεμος.
And those who were in the boat worshiped Him,
οἱ δὲ ἐν τῷ ⸀ πλοίῳ προσεκύνησαν αὐτῷ
“You are certainly a God’s Son!”
Ἀληθῶς θεοῦ υἱὸς εἶ.
I. OBSERVATION A. PASSAGE: MATT. 14:22-33 Also in Mark 6:45-52, John 6:15-21, B.BACKGROUND STATED: GEOGRAPHICAL AND CHRONOLOGICAL C. OUTLINE SUMMARY: 1. CONTEXT 14:22-24 The crown has just been offered to Jesus, but without the cross. After feeding the 5000 and sending them on their way, He now sends the disciples ahead of him to Bethsaida while remaining behind to pray. The disciples are in the boat in the middle of the lake (3 miles from shore). 3:00-6:00 in the morning. They’ve been rowing a while, probably against the wind. 2. CONTENT 14:25-33 a. Jesus alone on the water (25-26) Mark says Jesus was intending to pass them by. The disciples are exhausted, they’ve been rowing for hours against the wind and are probably going nowhere and here comes Jesus, walking on water. The disciples think it is a ghost. We can laugh and ridicule them, but their mistakes are there for us to learn from . This is an example of their lack of faith. b. The Disciples in the boat: fear (27-28) (1) The response of Jesus “Don’t be afraid. It is I.” The phrase “It is I” also means “I am.” and it carries special significance. Some theologians said Jesus is identifying himself to them as the one who can walk on the water, i.e. God. But my take here is that, it was the normal response of a person identifying themselves. (2) The request of Peter “Lord, if it is you” Peter models for us what we do. Lord, I know it is you, but Lord, I know you are sovereign, but Lord, I trust you, but Peter is asking for proof. We all want proof. Jesus just says, “Come.” What control. What gentleness. He didn’t lecture Peter. c. Peter with Christ on the water: faith (29) (1) In success This is not rash or impulsive. The Lord does not rebuke him. (2) In failure This is rash. He is successful and soon forgets where his success came from. Verse 30 says, “seeing the wind.” He begins looking at the circumstances. He gets his eyes off God. Then he sinks. We sometimes do great things for God and are ok until we start to think about it. When we do start thinking about it and analyzing it, we are in trouble. It is then that we often start thinking that we are doing it on our own. d. Peter in the water: failure (30-31) (1) His condition He looks at the circumstances. Peter’s story is the story of all of us. We usually begin good. But in the middle of the situation, we get our eyes off Jesus. We begin to look at our situation and we have no faith. (2) His cry The only thing one bound for destruction can cry. “Lord, Save me!” (3) His conviction Jesus says Peter’s problem is his lack of faith, his doubt. When the circumstances appear overwhelming, it is the result of doubt. If we are trusting God, then nothing will seem overwhelming, because nothing is overwhelming to God. When Atom has a problem, want to eat something or want to get his toys, it is overwhelming to him and he come to me or Eunice and ask for help with his favorite word "share" (sometimes he uses it wrongly) . He assume that we can do anything. He's just 2 years old. But he has the attitude that we should all have towards God. Total Dependence on God. e. Peter in the boat with Jesus (32-33) (1) Rescue When they climbed in the boat the wind died. John also reports that the boat immediately arrived at the other side, which in itself seems like another miracle. (2) Reverence In Matt 14:33 the disciples say, “You are certainly God’s Son!” How do we reconcile their confession in Matt with the hardness of heart statement in Mark? The Mark passage points out that they did not understand who He was before now. Now they are beginning to understand. II. INTERPRETATION Absence/lackness of faith in the person of Jesus Christ brings failure. He has the power over the natural elements. His power leads us to worship Him and acknowledgement of who he really is, namely, God. III. APPLICATIONS Jesus often sends us into the storm to test and strengthen our faith. No pain, no gain (in understanding or faith or whatever God needs to work on.) Sin to forsake: 1. A hardened heart keeps me from seeing Christ for who he really is. (Mark) Promises to claim: 1, There is safety in the person and power of Christ. Examples to follow: 1. Prayers don’t have to be long to be effective. He didn’t even follow the “ACTS” formula. (Adoration, Confession, Thanks and Supplication). Command to obey: 1. Fully trust Christ alone. Worship God in the storms of life. Stumbling block to avoid: 1. There is no success in service for those who have no faith or doubt God. They failed with the feeding of the 5000. They struggle here too. 2. The danger of self-confidence is obvious. IV. STUDY QUESTIONS BASED FROM THE DISCOURSE 1. Why did Jesus go up on the mountain by Himself? 23c 2. What is the ground why their boat was battered by the waves? 24c 3. When did Jesus arrive to rescue them? 25a 4. How did Jesus get to his disciples? 25c 5. What is the inference or result after the disciples saw Jesus walking on the sea? 26b-26e 6. What is the condition or proof that Peter was asking from Jesus after identifying himself ? 28c 7. What is the explanation why they doubted? 31d 8. What is the result or main point of the text 22a-32b? 33a-33c
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.