Main point summary
Peter confesses that Jesus is the Messiah. Jesus proclaims that he has come to suffer, die and rise, and by implication calls his followers to suffer and die as well...with promise of eternal life.
Bible study outline
We have our good moments in life, and our bad. And sometimes, we have a really great moment followed by one that is so painful it cuts right to our heart. Does anyone have an example from their life of where a high point was quickly followed by a crash? Would you be willing to share it with us in just a sentence or two? (Read the passage.) There are two individuals in focus in this passage—Jesus and Peter. Of Jesus, we learn glorious things regarding who he is. For Peter, we find both one of the best and one of the worst moments of his life, one right after the other. Together, this text paints a picture for us of the believer. Peter is the example, and Jesus is the object of his faith. Let us consider what we can learn about being believers in Christ, noting Peter's early faith at this point as well as his mature faith represented in the books of 1 and 2 Peter. A believer knows who Jesus is. In the text before us, Peter testifies to Jesus being the Messiah (Christ). He will go on to learn much more about him. Person of the Trinity (1Pet 1:1-2) Lord (1Pet 1:3) Messiah (1Pet 1:3) Son of God (1Pet 1:3) Righteous (1Pet 3:18) Redeemer (1Pet 3:18) Chief Shepherd (1Pet 5:3-4) God (2Pet 1:1) Savior (2Pet 1:1) Eternal King (2Pet 1:11) The Bearer of eternal glory (2Pet 3:18) Are you unsure about or unfamiliar with any of these characteristics of Jesus? (If so, take a few minutes to talk about them.) With regard to Peter, perhaps we can see why Mark would include these stories one after another. For as we have said, that is how life sometimes is—we are up and then we are down. But this text is not ultimately about Peter. It is more so about Jesus. Given that, why do you think Jesus turned to teach on suffering after asking his disciples who they say he is? A believer receives the whole Jesus (including the suffering Jesus). Peter did. 1Pet 1:2, 11-12, 18-19, 2:21-25, 3:18, 4:1, 13, 5:1, 2Pet 2:1 Is there anything you know about Jesus which you presently push away? (If so, be like Peter. Hear Jesus' firm rebuke and repent!) A believer is a follower. This includes following Jesus into suffering. 1Pet 2:19-21, 3:14-16, 4:1-2, 12-16, 5:8-10 Where might following Jesus take us today? Are you ready to follow? A believer trusts Jesus' word and hopes in his promises. 1Pet 1:3-9, 13 Is Jesus the object of your faith?
o And Jesus went on with his disciples to the villages of Caesarea Philippi.
And on the way he asked his disciples,
“Who do people say that I am?”
And they told him,
p “John the Baptist;
and others say, q Elijah;
and others, one of the prophets.”
And he asked them,
“But who do you say that I am?”
Peter answered him,
r “You are s the Christ.”
t And he strictly charged them to tell no one about him.
u And he began to teach them that
v the Son of Man must w suffer many things
and x be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes
and be killed,
and y after three days rise again.
And he said this z plainly.
And Peter took him aside
and began to rebuke him.
But turning and seeing his disciples,
he rebuked Peter
a “Get behind me, Satan!
For you b are not setting your mind on the things of God,
but on the things of man.”
And calling the crowd to him with his disciples,
he said to them,
“If anyone would come after me,
let him c deny himself
and d take up his cross
and follow me.
For d whoever would save his life 1
will lose it,
but whoever loses his life for my sake e and the gospel’s
will save it.
f For what does it profit a man
to gain the whole world
and forfeit his soul?
For g what can a man give in return for his soul?
For h whoever is ashamed of me and of my words in this i adulterous and sinful generation,
of him will the Son of Man also be ashamed
j when he comes in the glory of his Father with k the holy angels.”
Is this giving a basis for why Peter should "get behind" Jesus, or why Jesus calls him Satan?