Main point summary
Guarding the entrusted truth by avoiding falsehood professed by some who have swerved from the faith_God giving grace.
1 Timothy 6:20-21
1 Timothy 6:20
1 Timothy 6:21
1 Timothy 6:20-21
O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you.
Ὦ Τιμόθεε, τὴν παραθήκην φύλαξον,
k Avoid the l irreverent babble
ἐκτρεπόμενος τὰς βεβήλους κενοφωνίας
of what is falsely called “knowledge,”
τῆς ψευδωνύμου γνώσεως,
for by professing it some have swerved from the faith.
ἥν τινες ἐπαγγελλόμενοι περὶ τὴν πίστιν ἠστόχησαν.
m Grace be with you. 1
Ἡ χάρις ⸂ μεθ’ ὑμῶν ⸃ .
This clause is conclusive and connects to the entire book, and so to Timothy in this immediate context. One of the clues to this argument is the use of the possessive pronoun ὑμῶν in plural.
Title: The Imperative of the Entrusted Truth: Guard
A participles of manner that shows how Timothy was to obey the imperative.
This is an imperative of command exhorting Timothy to keep the truth.
Participle of means that shows how ἠστόχησαν is performed.
V20. φύλαξον guard closely, watch, keep in custody. James Swanson, Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains: Greek (New Testament) (Oak Harbor: Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1997). παραθήκην means something placed besides, deposit, trust. "It is a legal term connoting something which is place on trust in another man’s keeping." In this context what Timothy he was to guard was the truth given him by God. Cleon L. Rogers JR and Cleon L. Rogers III, The New and Exegetical Key to the Greek New Testament. (Zondervan Publishing House: Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1998), 499. John McArthur, The McArthur Study Bible . Nelson Bibles: A Division of Thomas Neson Publishers, 1997), 1874. ἐκτρεπόμενος from τράπω [ᾰ] , turn out of the course, turn aside, aside from. Henry George Liddell et al., A Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), 523. V21. τὴν πίστιν shows a valuable concern on the faith (21, cf. 2 Tim. 1:13f .) with Timothy charged to be a guard who is not to distort it although others do for their own disadvantage. John R. W. Stott, Guard the Truth: The Message of 1 Timothy & Titus , The Bible Speaks Today (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1996), 163. Elsewhere Paul shows that people left the truth of the faith and the truth of the faith to meaningless chatters (1:6); some already following Satan (5:15). Robert W. Yarbrough, The Letters to Timothy and Titus , ed. D. A. Carson, Pillar New Testament Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI; London: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company; Apollos, 2018), 340. Ἡ χάρις μεθ’ ὑμῶν Shows Paul ending like he began ( 1:2 ). The presence of the pronoun in plural in both cases show that though he calls Timothy, he means he should spearhead the preservation of the truth and let every other believer be one who strives for the keeping of the truth. Thus, verse 21 relates to everyone including Paul. The Christian faith is started by grace and continued by grace ( Eph. 2:8–10 ). Knute Larson, I & II Thessalonians, I & II Timothy, Titus, Philemon , vol. 9, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000), 251.
Paul addresses Timothy in an emotional way, 'O Timothy,' before emphasizing what he should guard, among the many things that he enumerates for Timothy to know how to conduct himself in the household of God ( 3:15 ), the truth. This is the same truth with which Paul was entrusted to minister salvation to blind Gentile that comes by the Lord Jesus alone (2:7; 6:5). He is to guard the truth with the church by turning away from the irrelevant babbles and contradictions of false knowledge ( 3:2; 3:15 ). This will help him to stay on unlike those who have on the contrary swerve away. So, pastors and Christians must keep the gospel in a world that people deviate from it, claiming knowledge, by avoiding to fall in the same mess of deviation_God giving them grace.