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Ben Fetterolf
Follower of Jesus | Husband | Father | Pastor at Hampton Park Baptist Church of Greenville, SC
User since 2019
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Most conversations about biblical manhood/womanhood go to a few NT texts. But what God says in the very beginning sets a solid foundation.
Genesis 2:18-25
In what or whom do you find your joy? Does it last through the varying circumstances of life? Where can true, enduring joy be found?
Romans 5:1-11
"No list of sins I have not done; no list of virtues I pursue; no list of those I am not like can earn myself a place with you..."
Romans 4:1-12
What do your words say about your heart?
James 3:3-12
Trials bring dark days. But those times are most important to remember who God is and who we are.
Hebrews 10:32-39
What do you feel you are lacking today? Are things spinning out of control? Anchor yourself in God's character and promises.
Psalms 23:1-6
How do you respond to disappointments and discouragements? Do you run from them? Avoid them? Paul teaches us how God intends to use them.
2 Corinthians 12:7-10
Grace, gift, faith. These are the words that dominate this foremost text on how to be made right with God.
Romans 3:21-31
What is the role of the law in the life of a believer? And what does the law teach us about God?
Romans 3:1-20
How highly do you view your words? Are you more likely to encourage others to listen to you or to listen to God?
James 1:19-21
Why do you call yourself a Christian? Your answer to that question is significant and identifies where you rest your hope.
Romans 2:17-29
Have you ever thought about how many sermons you've heard in your lifetime? Knowing is useless apart from faith and repentance.
Romans 2:1-16
We often think of God's wrath on the last day. But how is his wrath manifest in the present day?
Romans 1:18-32
Why do you like spending time with other Christians? Because you have mutual interests? Or because you long to see God at work among them?
Romans 1:8-17
Why did Paul write Romans? What is Romans about? These important questions are answered from the very start of the letter.
Romans 1:1-7
What role, if any, do works play in being made right with God?
Romans 4:1-5
Does God keep you in His love? Or do we keep ourselves in His love? Jude answers this very specifically.
Jude 17-25
Contending for the faith initially seems external. But the greatest battle for the faith may need to happen in my own heart.
Jude 8-16
You're probably familiar with loving others on Sunday. But what does love look like on Monday through Friday?
1 Thessalonians 4:9-12
Has your evangelism been fueled by guilt? Why not fuel it with joy?
1 John 1:1-4
view all (21 total)
Two Acts. Two Destinies.
Romans 5:12-21
There are two realms (or kingdoms!) in which to live. The realm where death reigns and the realm where righteousness reigns.
#romans
#thegospel
#righteousness
Published May 22nd, 2020
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Main point summary
Arc
notes
Main point summary
Two acts define life and eternity: Adam's sin leading to death and Jesus' righteousness leading to grace and eternal life.
Arc
editing
NT
Romans 5:12-21
esv
Therefore, just as t sin came into the world through one man,
and u death through sin,
progression
and v so death spread to all men 1
because w all sinned—
ground
inference
for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given,
but x sin is not counted
where there is no law.
locative
Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses,
even over those whose sinning was not y like the transgression of Adam,
z who was a type of a the one who was to come.
ideaexplanation
Bilateral Concessive
contrary
Csv
But the free gift is not like the trespass.
For if many died through one man’s trespass,
much more have the grace of God and the free gift by the grace of that one man Jesus Christ abounded for b many.
alternative
And the free gift is not like the result of that one man’s sin.
For c the judgment following one trespass brought condemnation,
but the free gift following many trespasses brought d justification.
series
For if, because of one man’s trespass,
death reigned through that one man,
much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and the free gift of righteousness e reign in life through the one man Jesus Christ.
Therefore, as one trespass 1 led to condemnation for all men,
so one act of righteousness 2 leads to justification and life for f all men.
comparison
For as by the one man’s g disobedience the many were made sinners,
so by the one man’s h obedience the many will be made righteous.
concessive
Now i the law came in to increase the trespass,
but where sin increased,
j grace abounded all the more,
so that, k as sin reigned in death,
l grace also might reign through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
actionpurpose
After this (and following 12a) is somewhat of an implied "--so also the free gift came into the world through one man..." followed by the argument in 15a.
This comparison is never finished but is rather implied just before v.15.
Sin is certainly counted in God's eyes, as v.14 demonstrates. But it is not necessarily acknowledged by man if there is no law. However, Romans 2:15 still stands which says the work of the law is written on the heart of man.
To return to the point of v.13, the law increases the trespass by opening our eyes to see the trespass clearly. In that sense it increases the trespass.
God has a purpose: for grace to triumph over sin. Universalism negates this. It simply substitutes one reality for another. The gospel says that grace triumphs over sin, a real sin that still reigns in the lives of many.
discourse
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.