The Church: A Community
Acts 2:41-47
Arcing Notes I've taken 41-42 / 43-47 as a broad Id/Exp.
Published June 1st, 2012
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Notes
2009-02-03 10:45:01
2009-02-12 09:58:48
Arcing Notes I've taken 41-42 / 43-47 as a broad Id/Exp. I think that 41-42 serves as somewhat of an introductory statement, which 43-47 then fleshes out in more detail. See Piper (http://www.desiringgod.org/ResourceLibrary/Sermons/ByScripture/8/735_The_Fear_of_God_and_Freedom_from_Goods/) and Bock (Acts, 2007. 149) . In addition, I think that rather than taking verse 42 as four different aspects of the early church's life (apostolic teaching, fellowship, breaking of bread, and prayer), it should be taken as two (apostolic teaching and fellowship), with the last two as a subset of fellowship. Here's my thinking: In 43, awe comes on every soul, and signs are being done by the apostles. This 'awe' reminds us of the crowd's reaction to Peter's teaching mere verses earlier. In addition, the apostles' signs affirm this teaching. It's not hard to make the connection between 'fellowship' and the sharing of life in 44,45. However, in 46, we see the Christians attending the temple 'together,' or 'continuing in one mind.' In addition, we see constant table fellowship in their respective houses ('breaking bread in their homes...'). The end of 46 ('they received their food...') into 47 ('praising God...') appears to be the manner in which they fellowshiped in their homes and worshiped in the temple. As such, 44-47 demonstrate fellowship characterized by sharing in material goods and spiritual truth. Textual Notes 42a & 46 : "Devoted" (proskarterew) suggests a persistance of something, 'busy oneself with, be busily engaged in, be devoted to.' (BDAG) 42 : Note the use of the article in preceeding each aspect of community life. What is the purpose of this? Is it simply to highlight each one? Commentary 42 : The new church devotes themselves to four things: the apostles teaching (recordings of Jesus' teaching, Spirit-inspired teaching of the gospel, etc.), the fellowship, the breaking of bread (debate over whether this is simply table-fellowship [see Luke 24:35] , 'subtley connotating the passion of Christ' [Longenecker, 290], or outright describing the Lord's Supper [see NLT] ), and the prayers (does the definite article suggest a set of fixed prayers? I think perhaps, but it may refer more generically to the worship through prayer a Christian experiences). 43b : For the purpose of continuity. Bock notes that "God had been at work through Jesus, as Peter's spech in Acts 2:14-40 showed. That work has extended beyond Jesus' crucifixion. Now the work continues through the apostles, indicating that God supports the new community as well." (Bock, Acts, 2007. 152) 44b : Luke details this explosion of new believers, and what do they do? They form a community focused on loving one another and worshiping God. Something drastic happens to bring this large number of people together in such tight-knit fellowship. What wonder is the brotherhood that comes from the Holy Spirit, the oneness that occurs when brought into the body of Christ. 46-47b : I really wrestled with this bit here. Were there four sepearate things that happened (going to the temple, sharing meals with gladness, praising God, and enjoying the favor of the people), or is Luke detailing two things, with the manner/result in mind (attending the temple and breaking bread in their homes with gladness and generous hearts, 'all the while' [NLT] praising God and enjoying the favor of men)? I'm sure it's not crucial, but I am looking to see if there are connections/re-emphases of vs.42 later in this chapter. I've arced the second option, and I think that's where the text is going.
10000000004420 4420 Notes 2009-02-03 10:45:01 2009-02-12 09:58:48 Arcing Notes I've taken 41-42 / 43-47 as a broad Id/Exp. I think that 41-42 serves as somewhat of an introductory statement, which 43-47 then fleshes out in more detail. See Piper (http://www.desiringgod.org/ResourceLibrary/Sermons/ByScripture/8/735_The_Fear_of_God_and_Freedom_from_Goods/) and Bock (Acts, 2007. 149) . In addition, I think that rather than taking verse 42 as four different aspects of the early church's life (apostolic teaching, fellowship, breaking of bread, and prayer), it should be taken as two (apostolic teaching and fellowship), with the last two as a subset of fellowship. Here's my thinking: In 43, awe comes on every soul, and signs are being done by the apostles. This 'awe' reminds us of the crowd's reaction to Peter's teaching mere verses earlier. In addition, the apostles' signs affirm this teaching. It's not hard to make the connection between 'fellowship' and the sharing of life in 44,45. However, in 46, we see the Christians attending the temple 'together,' or 'continuing in one mind.' In addition, we see constant table fellowship in their respective houses ('breaking bread in their homes...'). The end of 46 ('they received their food...') into 47 ('praising God...') appears to be the manner in which they fellowshiped in their homes and worshiped in the temple. As such, 44-47 demonstrate fellowship characterized by sharing in material goods and spiritual truth. Textual Notes 42a & 46 : "Devoted" (proskarterew) suggests a persistance of something, 'busy oneself with, be busily engaged in, be devoted to.' (BDAG) 42 : Note the use of the article in preceeding each aspect of community life. What is the purpose of this? Is it simply to highlight each one? Commentary 42 : The new church devotes themselves to four things: the apostles teaching (recordings of Jesus' teaching, Spirit-inspired teaching of the gospel, etc.), the fellowship, the breaking of bread (debate over whether this is simply table-fellowship [see Luke 24:35] , 'subtley connotating the passion of Christ' [Longenecker, 290], or outright describing the Lord's Supper [see NLT] ), and the prayers (does the definite article suggest a set of fixed prayers? I think perhaps, but it may refer more generically to the worship through prayer a Christian experiences). 43b : For the purpose of continuity. Bock notes that "God had been at work through Jesus, as Peter's spech in Acts 2:14-40 showed. That work has extended beyond Jesus' crucifixion. Now the work continues through the apostles, indicating that God supports the new community as well." (Bock, Acts, 2007. 152) 44b : Luke details this explosion of new believers, and what do they do? They form a community focused on loving one another and worshiping God. Something drastic happens to bring this large number of people together in such tight-knit fellowship. What wonder is the brotherhood that comes from the Holy Spirit, the oneness that occurs when brought into the body of Christ. 46-47b : I really wrestled with this bit here. Were there four sepearate things that happened (going to the temple, sharing meals with gladness, praising God, and enjoying the favor of the people), or is Luke detailing two things, with the manner/result in mind (attending the temple and breaking bread in their homes with gladness and generous hearts, 'all the while' [NLT] praising God and enjoying the favor of men)? I'm sure it's not crucial, but I am looking to see if there are connections/re-emphases of vs.42 later in this chapter. I've arced the second option, and I think that's where the text is going. notes
Arc
2009-02-03 10:45:01
2009-02-12 09:58:48
editing
Acts
Acts 2:41-47
NT
tisch
esv
οἱ μὲν οὖν ἀποδεξάμενοι τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ ἐβαπτίσθησαν
So those who received his word were baptized,
καὶ προσετέθησαν ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ ψυχαὶ ὡσεὶ τρισχίλιαι
and there were added that day about three thousand souls.
progression
ἦσαν δὲ προσκαρτεροῦντ� τῇ διδαχῇ τῶν ἀποστόλων
And they devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching
καὶ τῇ κοινωνίᾳ
and the fellowship,
τῇ κλάσει τοῦ ἄρτου
to the breaking of bread
καὶ ταῖς προσευχαῖς
and the prayers.
series
ἐγίνετο δὲ πάσῃ ψυχῇ φόβος πολλά τε τέρατα
And awe came upon every soul,
καὶ σημεῖα διὰ τῶν ἀποστόλων ἐγίνετο
and many wonders and signs were being done through the apostles.
πάντες δὲ οἱ πιστεύοντες ἦσαν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ
And all who believed were together
καὶ εἶχον ἅπαντα κοινά
and had all things in common.
καὶ τὰ κτήματα καὶ τὰς ὑπάρξεις ἐπίπρασκον
And they were selling their possessions and belongings
καὶ διεμέριζον αὐτὰ πᾶσιν καθότι
and distributing the proceeds to all,
ἄν τις χρείαν εἶχεν
as any had need.
actionmanner
actionpurpose
ideaexplanation
καθ' ἡμέραν τε προσκαρτεροῦντ� ὁμοθυμαδὸν ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ
And day by day, attending the temple together
κλῶντές τε κατ' οἶκον ἄρτον
and breaking bread in their homes,
μετελάμβανον τροφῆς
they received their food
ἐν ἀγαλλιάσει
with glad
καὶ ἀφελότητι καρδίας
and generous hearts,
αἰνοῦντες τὸν θεὸν
praising God
καὶ ἔχοντες χάριν πρὸς ὅλον τὸν λαόν
and having favor with all the people.
ὁ δὲ κύριος προσετίθει τοὺς σῳζομένους καθ' ἡμέραν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό
And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.
discourse
10000000004420 4420 Arc 2009-02-03 10:45:01 2009-02-12 09:58:48 editing Acts 2 41 2 47 Acts 2:41-47 44 NT tisch esv i130934 i130935 i130936 i130913 οἱ μὲν οὖν ἀποδεξάμενοι τὸν λόγον αὐτοῦ ἐβαπτίσθησαν So those who received his word were baptized, i130914 καὶ προσετέθησαν ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ ψυχαὶ ὡσεὶ τρισχίλιαι and there were added that day about three thousand souls. progression i130937 i130915 ἦσαν δὲ προσκαρτεροῦντ� τῇ διδαχῇ τῶν ἀποστόλων And they devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching i130916 καὶ τῇ κοινωνίᾳ and the fellowship, i130938 i130917 τῇ κλάσει τοῦ ἄρτου to the breaking of bread i130918 καὶ ταῖς προσευχαῖς and the prayers. series series i130939 i130940 i130941 i130919 ἐγίνετο δὲ πάσῃ ψυχῇ φόβος πολλά τε τέρατα And awe came upon every soul, i130920 καὶ σημεῖα διὰ τῶν ἀποστόλων ἐγίνετο and many wonders and signs were being done through the apostles. series i130942 i130943 i130944 i130921 πάντες δὲ οἱ πιστεύοντες ἦσαν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτὸ And all who believed were together i130922 καὶ εἶχον ἅπαντα κοινά and had all things in common. progression i130945 i130923 καὶ τὰ κτήματα καὶ τὰς ὑπάρξεις ἐπίπρασκον And they were selling their possessions and belongings i130946 i130924 καὶ διεμέριζον αὐτὰ πᾶσιν καθότι and distributing the proceeds to all, i130925 ἄν τις χρείαν εἶχεν as any had need. actionmanner 1 actionpurpose 2 ideaexplanation 1 i130947 i130948 i130926 καθ' ἡμέραν τε προσκαρτεροῦντ� ὁμοθυμαδὸν ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ And day by day, attending the temple together i130927 κλῶντές τε κατ' οἶκον ἄρτον and breaking bread in their homes, series i130949 i130950 i130928 μετελάμβανον τροφῆς they received their food i130951 i130929 ἐν ἀγαλλιάσει with glad i130930 καὶ ἀφελότητι καρδίας and generous hearts, series actionmanner 1 i130952 i130931 αἰνοῦντες τὸν θεὸν praising God i130932 καὶ ἔχοντες χάριν πρὸς ὅλον τὸν λαόν and having favor with all the people. progression series actionmanner 1 series i130933 ὁ δὲ κύριος προσετίθει τοὺς σῳζομένους καθ' ἡμέραν ἐπὶ τὸ αὐτό And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved. ideaexplanation 1 1 1 1 tisch 25 esv 25 a 50 discourse
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