Main point summary
God's people were held captive under the law, but now that Jesus has come, they all experience his promised covenant, becoming his children through faith in Christ.
y To give a human example, brothers: 1
z even with a man-made covenant,
no one annuls it or adds to it
once it has been ratified.
Now a the promises were made b to Abraham and to his offspring.
It does not say,
“And to offsprings,” referring to many,
but referring to one, c “And to your offspring,” who is Christ.
This is what I mean:
the law, which came d 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God,
so as e to make the promise void.
For if the inheritance comes by the law,
it no longer comes by promise;
but f God gave it to Abraham by a promise.
Why then the law?
g It was added because of transgressions,
h until the offspring should come to whom the promise had been made,
and it was i put in place through angels j by an intermediary.
Now k an intermediary implies more than one,
but l God is one.
Is the law then contrary to the promises of God?
For m if a law had been given that could give life,
then righteousness would indeed be by the law.
But the Scripture n imprisoned everything under sin,
so that o the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given p to those who believe.
Now before faith came,
we were held captive under the law,
q imprisoned until the coming faith would be revealed.
So then, r the law was our s guardian until Christ came,
t in order that we might be justified by faith.
But now that faith has come,
we are no longer under a guardian,
for in Christ Jesus u you are all sons of God, through faith.
For as many of you as v were baptized w into Christ have x put on Christ.
y There is neither Jew nor Greek,
there is neither slave 1 nor free,
z there is no male and female,
for you are all one in Christ Jesus.
And a if you are Christ’s,
then you are Abraham’s offspring,
b heirs according to promise.
No-one can annul even a human covenant.
The covenant was a promise, made to Abraham and to Christ .
The law was given because of sin, and established in an inferior way.
The law is not contrary to God's promises, because it imprisoned Israel under sin so that they might receive the promise by faith.
The law does not replace God's covenant of promise which he gave to Abraham.
The law used to be our guardian before Christ/faith came, but now we are all God's adult children in Christ Jesus through faith.
No-one can annul a covenant after it is ratified, and the nature of God's covenant was a promise ; therefore , the law could not have annulled the covenant of promise.
The law was given because of sin , and that means that it was given to imprison Israel under sin , so that they could be saved by faith when Jesus came.
The law did not annul the covenant of promise, but rather imprisoned Israel under sin until Jesus came.