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Brent Karding
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The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
Revelation 2:18-29
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Revelation 2:8-11
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Ruth 4:1-12
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
view all (51 total)
Bracket of Galatians 4:1-11
Galatians 4:1-11
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
#adoption
#redemption
#slavery
Published March 21st, 2019
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Main point summary
4:1-11
notes
Main point summary
God sent his Son and his Spirit into your hearts and so redeemed you from slavery and made you his sons and heirs; how can you throw all that way by returning to slavery ?
4:1-11
editing
NT
Galatians 4:1-11
esv
I mean that the heir ... is no different from a slave,
... as long as he is a child, ...
temporal
though he is the owner of everything,
concessive
but he is under guardians and managers
until the date set by his father.
actionmanner
In the same way we also, when we were children, c were enslaved to the elementary principles 1 of the world.
comparison
But d when the fullness of time had come,
God sent forth his Son, e born f of woman, born g under the law,
h to redeem those who were under the law,
actionpurpose
so that we might receive i adoption as sons.
And because you are sons,
God has sent j the Spirit of his Son into our hearts,
crying, “Abba! Father!”
inference
negativepositive
So you are no longer a slave,
but a son,
and if a son,
then k an heir through God.
conditional
ideaexplanation
Formerly, when you l did not know God,
you m were enslaved to those that by nature n are not gods.
But now that you have come to know God,
or rather o to be known by God,
progression
p how can you turn back again to q the weak and worthless elementary principles of the world, whose slaves you want to be once more?
r You observe days and months and seasons and years!
I am afraid s I may have labored over you in vain.
actionresult
situationresponse
2a-b give a further explanation of the heir being no different than a slave; specifically, it gives the manner in which he is no different than a slave.
Just like a minor is no different than a slave until he reaches the age of majority, so we were enslaved before Christ came.
God sent his Son to redeem and adopt those under the law; therefore, he also sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts.
We used to be enslaved under the Law, but because God sent his Son and his Spirit into our hearts, we are now God's adopted, adult sons .
In other words, the result of God's sending of his Son and his Spirit into our hearts is to make us his sons and heirs .
If you used to be enslaved to false gods, but now know the true God, how can you then turn back to slavery?
Your turning back to slavery makes me (Paul) fear that my labor was useless.
discourse
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.