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Brent Karding
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Jesus, the Father's Spirit-filled Son, inaugurated God's kingdom.
Mark 1:1-15
Paul describes how men and women should act in church, based on their specific roles.
1 Timothy 2:8-15
Dedicate yourself to the local church for the eternal glory of Christ.
Haggai 2:20-23
The gospel call to repentance gives light to people in darkness.
Matthew 4:12-17
The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
Revelation 2:18-29
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Revelation 2:8-11
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Ruth 4:1-12
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
Galatians 4:1-11
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
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Church Discipline
1 Corinthians 5
God has given the local church the responsibility to judge its members.
#discipline
#church
#ecclesiology
Published September 3rd, 2019
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Main point summary
1 Cor 5
1 Cor 5
notes
Main point summary
Instead of being arrogant, the Corinthians must excommunicate the incestuous church member so that he might be saved , because sin corrupts and the Corinthians are God's people, and because it is the church's job to judge its members .
1 Cor 5
NT
1 Corinthians 5:1-13
esv
It is actually reported that there is w sexual immorality among you,
and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans,
x for a man has his father’s wife.
ground
comparison
And y you are arrogant!
Ought you z not rather to mourn?
negativepositive
situationresponse
Let him who has done this be removed from among you.
For though a absent in body,
I am present in spirit;
concessive
and as if present,
I have already pronounced judgment on the one who did such a thing.
series
When you are assembled b in the name of the Lord Jesus
and my spirit is present,
with the power of our Lord Jesus,
you are c to deliver this man
to Satan
locative
for the destruction of the flesh,
actionresult
so d that his spirit may be saved
e in the day of the Lord. 1
temporal
actionpurpose
ideaexplanation
alternative
f Your boasting is not good.
Do you not know that g a little leaven leavens the whole lump?
Cleanse out the old leaven
that you may be a new lump,
as you really are unleavened.
For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
Let us therefore celebrate the festival,
h not with the old leaven, i the leaven of malice and evil,
but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.
actionmanner
bilateral
inference
I wrote to you in my letter j not to associate with sexually immoral people—
k not at all meaning l the sexually immoral of this world,
or the greedy
and swindlers,
or idolaters,
m since then you would need to go out of the world.
But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone n who bears the name of brother
if he is guilty of sexual immorality
or greed,
or is an idolater,
reviler,
drunkard,
or swindler—
conditional
not even to eat with such a one.
For what have I to do with judging o outsiders?
p Is it not those inside the church 1 whom you are to judge?
God judges 1 those outside.
q “Purge the evil person from among you.”
The Corinthians responded to the incest of a church member with arrogance; Paul commanded them instead to excommunicate that member from the church so that he could be saved.
Even a little sin corrupts; therefore, the Corinthians —part of the new Israel purchased by Christ, the Lamb— must cleanse it from their midst .
Believers must not associate with a "brother" who is openly sinful because it is the church's job to judge its members.
discourse
1 Cor 5
Instead of being arrogant, the Corinthians must excommunicate the incestuous church member so that he might be saved, because sin corrupts and the Corinthians are God's people, and because it is the church's job to judge its members. In these verses, Paul gives the same command to the Corinthian church with three different emphases, and for three different reasons (see the Series relationship between verses 1-5, 6-8, and 9-11). 1. Let's first examine the three different descriptions of church discipline. First, the church must remove the sinner from among them (2c); this is also called delivering over "to Satan for the destruction of the flesh" (5b-c). If a church practices church membership, so that not everyone who comes to a church service is a "member," they can obey this command by removing the person from their position as member, without attempting to force them to stop attending church. The language of delivering someone "to Satan" sounds strange to our ears, but when we combine this description with the language of removal from the church in verse 2, we can see that to be cut off from membership in a local part of the body of Christ means to be exposed to Satan's power, who exercises power and deception over the sinful world (2 Cor 4:4 ; 1 John 5:19). Secondly, the church must purge out the sinful leaven from their group (7a-c). Jewish believers under the Mosaic Covenant were to remove all leaven from their homes when celebrating Passover (Ex 13:7). Leaven pictured sin, and this ritual underscored God's requirement that his people be holy (Lev 11:45). So, in the New Covenant, must believers be separate from sin; this requires the removal of unrepentant sinners from the midst of God's covenant people. Thirdly, the church must completely dissociate itself from the so-called brother who is living in unrepentant sin (9, 11a, 11h). Paul had told the church in a previous letter, now lost, that they should not associate with immoral people; he makes clear in this letter that he is speaking only of immoral people who claim to be believers ("who bears the name of brother," 11a). They are not even to eat a meal with such a person. 2. Now let's look at the three reasons Paul gives for the action he commands the church to take. First, the purpose of the excommunication is the eschatological salvation of the soul of the sinner (5c-e). "The day of the Lord" refers to Christ's Second Coming—the end of history and the time of judgment. God will use the destruction of the "flesh," which could refer to the sinful nature, as a means to preserve this man's soul, to move him to turn from his sin and toward the Lord (see Col 1:22-23). Secondly, the reason for the excommunication is the identity of the church as God's new Israel , rescued from God's wrath by the sacrifice of Christ (7c-d). Christ is " our Passover lamb"; he is the reality which the OT Passover sacrifices were pointing to (7d). We should "celebrate the festival" of the Passover, therefore, not literally but figuratively, putting away "the leaven of malice and evil" (8a, 8b). Since we are God's NT people, we must live out the fulfilment of the picture of the Passover: lives of holiness because we have been redeemed from death. That necessitates church discipline if a member refuses to repent of open sin. Thirdly, another reason for the excommunication is the church's responsibility to act in judgment toward those inside the church (12). God will judge "those outside"—that is, those who are not called "brother" (11a)—but the church must judge "those inside the church" (12b). What does it meant to "judge": to condemn angrily? To harshly denounce? No, because Paul is urging one action upon this church, in several different terms, as we saw earlier (removing the sinner, delivering to Satan, purging out leaven, and not associating with the sinner). And "judging" is part of the third member of this Series , dissociating with the sinner. Therefore, for the church as a whole to "judge" someone is to remove them from the church. And that judgment is the church's responsibility—one which they are sinning if they refuse to carry out! The church has the responsibility to declare who are in Christ and who are not; and in a church discipline situation, the church must say to a member who is involved in grievous, public sin, "We can no longer affirm your profession of faith and say that we believe you are a Christian." That person may be a Christian, but since there is fruit that denies this church, the church must exercise judgment and treat the person as an outsider.
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.