Brent Karding
servant of Jesus / husband / dad / preacher / musician / teacher @ Biblearc
User since 2010
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Christ rejected and accepted
Luke 23:39-43
God commands you to turn from idols to the true God.
Acts 17:22-31
Jesus is sovereign over the natural and spiritual realm
Matthew 9:1-8
Faith leads to speaking.
2 Corinthians 4:13-15
A humble birth and great glory to God
Luke 2:1-21
Because God is uniquely faithful, he will remove our sins.
Micah 7:18-20
Phrasing Narrative and Teaching
Mark 11:12-25
Christ's Supremacy Described and Grounded
Colossians 1:15-17
Christ's Resurrection and Ours
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
God's Furious Punishment
Romans 1:18-25
God will surely set up an indestructible, everlasting kingdom.
Daniel 2:31-45
Just like Adam's sin led to death for all people, so Jesus' obedience led to life for all people.
Romans 5:12-21
To apply this text, think through the Concessive, the Negative, and the Ground (v. 7-9), asking where those things are true of you.
1 Kings 14:1-18
Remember the happiness of the Word-delighting, and the misery of the only other option.
Psalms 1
In every difficulty, cry to God, your trustworthy Savior.
Psalms 42:1-43:5
Jesus, the Father's Spirit-filled Son, inaugurated God's kingdom.
Mark 1:1-15
Paul describes how men and women should act in church, based on their specific roles.
1 Timothy 2:8-15
The gospel call to repentance gives light to people in darkness.
Matthew 4:12-17
God has given the local church the responsibility to judge its members.
1 Corinthians 5
The eternal state will immediately follow Christ's return and our bodily resurrection.
1 Corinthians 15:20-28
When Jesus next returns, he will destroy death.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
At the day of the Lord, believers will be saved and unbelievers will be destroyed.
1 Thessalonians 5:1-10
Our certain gospel hope of resurrection should encourage us.
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
This passage reveals the fact of and the reason behind God's anger.
Romans 1:18-23
The kind of faith that saves is a faith that is characterized by works.
James 2:14-26
Only those who look to Jesus for spiritual wealth, righteousness, and guidance will sit with him on his throne.
Revelation 3:14-22
Jesus promises eternal life to those who overcome; therefore, cling to the gospel and preach it to others.
Revelation 3:7-13
Those who treasure the gospel and live it out today will enjoy intimacy with Jesus now and forever.
Revelation 3:1-6
Hold tightly to holy living that flows from the gospel.
Revelation 2:18-29
God calls us to boast only in the cross, through which we participate in the New Creation.
Galatians 1:1-6:18
Jesus will destroy His enemies and give eternal life to His people; therefore, the church must not tolerate sin in its midst.
Revelation 2:12-17
It is vital to boast only in Jesus' cross.
Galatians 6:10-18
Those who are fearless in the face of death will receive life from the Victor over death.
Revelation 2:8-11
True spirituality is seen in bearing other people's burdens.
Galatians 6:1-10
You are nothing without love.
Revelation 2:1-7
Serve each other in love through the leading of the life-giving, flesh-opposing Spirit.
Galatians 5:13-26
Jesus is a king and priest who is present with His church in judgment and salvation.
Revelation 1:9-20
Only those who rest on Christ alone for justification will receive eternal righteousness.
Galatians 5:2-12
Obey this urgent revelation so you will be blessed, and rest in the sovereignty of your Saviour.
Revelation 1:1-8
God redeems Naomi - and all Israel - through the son of Boaz and Ruth.
Ruth 4:13-22
Believers must stand firm in the freedom of being God's children through faith alone in his promise.
Galatians 4:21-31
Boaz generously and sacrificially redeems Elimelech's and Mahlon's family.
Ruth 4:1-12
Paul's proven trustworthiness and godly motives should have led the Galatians to trust him, not reject him.
Galatians 4:12-20
Boaz acted with generosity again, and Ruth waited for redemption.
Ruth 3:14-18
In Christ we are God's fully adult sons and heirs.
Galatians 4:1-11
Boaz commits himself to redeem Ruth.
Ruth 3:1-13
All of God's children enjoy his covenant and promised salvation through faith in Christ.
Galatians 3:15-29
Ruth and Naomi encounter the generosity of Boaz.
Ruth 2:14-23
Gentiles are declared righteous, become the true Israel, and receive the blessing and the Spirit by faith alone.
Galatians 3:1-14
God guided Ruth to the field of a man who showed undeserved favor to her.
Ruth 2:1-13
Justification by faith, not by works, alone glorifies God's grace and accomplishes the purpose of Christ's death.
Galatians 2:11-21
Ruth committed herself to Naomi and to her God.
Ruth 1:15-22
From the beginning of church history, there has been only one true gospel.
Galatians 2:1-10
The biblical gospel is demonstrably given by Jesus.
Galatians 1:11-24
Naomi was left alone in a foreign land, suffering judgment.
Ruth 1:1-5
A bitter Naomi plans to return to her homeland, and convince her daughters-in-law not to.
Ruth 1:6-14
Reject the perverted gospel and embrace the God-accomplished and God-taught gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
It is right for God to show mercy on whomever he desires to show mercy - and we should praise him for this!
Jonah 1:1-4:11
God is right to show mercy on whomever he chooses.
Jonah 4:1-11
God cares about Gentiles.
Jonah 3:1-10
The Lord saved Jonah because he prayed to him.
Jonah 2:1-10
Jesus' death and resurrection created Gentile worshippers.
Jonah 1:1-17
Because God is holding tightly to you, hold tightly to his Word.
2 Thessalonians 1-3
We pray for you to experience God's grace and peace.
2 Thessalonians 1:1-12
Paul gives two final commands in the main body of this letter: pray and stay away.
2 Thessalonians 3:1-15
How God's sovereignty motivates our perseverance
2 Thessalonians 2:1-17
You were dead, but God made you alive in Christ; therefore, remember that God has brought you near to him and made you part of his temple.
Ephesians 2:1-10
God is holding tightly to you.
2 Thessalonians 1:3-12
The path to eternal happiness isn't what you think: it requires joyful endurance of trials and humble obedience to God's Word.
James 1
Choose the way of life that God delights in, a Christlike life of compassion and purity, for this is the pathway to Heaven.
James 1:26-27
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God's Signet Ring
Haggai 2:20-23
Dedicate yourself to the local church for the eternal glory of Christ.
Published October 10th, 2019
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Haggai 2:20-23
God Will Shake and Destroy All Earthly Kingdoms
The word ... came
of the Lord
a second time
to Haggai
on the twenty- fourth day
of the month,
to Zerubbabel,
of Judah,
I am about to shake the heavens
Temporal #1a
and the earth,
and to overthrow the throne
Temporal #1b
of kingdoms.
Subord. or Epex.
I am about to destroy the strength
Temporal #2a
of the kingdoms
of the nations,
Subord. or Epex.
and overthrow the chariots
Temporal #2b
and their riders.
And the horses ... shall go down,
and their riders
every one
by the sword
of his brother.
God Will Exalt His Chosen One
On that day,
declares the Lord
of hosts,
I will take you, O Zerubbabel
Content #1
my servant,
the son
of Shealtiel,
declares the Lord,
and make you
Content #2
like a signet ring,
for I have chosen you,
declares the Lord
of hosts.”
FB Live Notes: This passage is the last oracle in the book of Haggai. God's people, led by Zerubbabel the governor and Joshua the high priest, have obeyed God's message through Haggai and made building God's temple their priority, putting him and his will first instead of their own comforts. The previous oracle ( 2:10-19 ) ended with a promise of blessing upon their obedience (v. 19), and this oracle was given upon the very same day, making another promise of blessing. But this promise of blessing isn't immediate, but brings us further in the future, to the "last days" of history (see Boda, 160). The main point of the passage is the fact that God gave a message to Haggai to give to Zerubbabel, and the content of that message. It is an oracle, after all. The emphasis of Haggai's message is what God will do to Zerubbabel on the day he shakes the heavens and earth and destroys the kingdoms of the nations. --- The “signet ring” (23j) shows a reversal of God’s judgment. See Jer 22:24-30. It also implies rule as king ! This passage refers to Sodom and Gomorrah ("overthrow" in 22a; cf. Gen 19:25 ) the Exodus ("go down" in 22h; cf. Ex 15:5 ) and Gideon ("every one" and "sword" in 22j-k; cf. Judg 7:22 ) are referred to. --- So what does it mean to say that God will do this to Zerubbabel ? God didn't break his word when Zerubbabel wasn't literally Messiah. Cf. Hos 3:4-5 ; Ezek 34:23-24 about David. "Zerubbabel is projected on the screen as a representative of the coming Messiah, perhaps as being the Messiah" (Verhoef, 141). "The fact that the subsequent history had not verified the validity of this expectation need not imply a prophetic error. The fulfillment of prophecy is a complex matter; many times it occurs in stages, the one after the other. As time passed, and Zerubbabel was not honored as had been expected, the messianic hopes were transferred via his descendants, until they were fulfilled centrally in the first and will be fulfilled finally in the second coming of Christ" (ibid.). "Haggai is declaring that God is doing a new thing in their day, and Zerubbabel is a symbol of the future of the Davidic line. This is not lost on the writers of both Matthew and Luke, who include Zerubbabel in their list of Jesus’ lineage" (Boda, 167). See Matt 1:12; Luke 3:27. "The opening sermon of the early church, which Peter preached on Pentecost, emphasizes Jesus’ fulfillment of the Davidic hope that God would place one of his descendants on his throne ( Acts 2:30 )" (Boda, 168). --- So how do we apply this? How can we build God's temple? "By rebuilding the temple, the people in Haggai’s day are fulfilling the priorities of the Davidic line, providing a palace for the Great King, Yahweh. The ultimate purpose of this rebuilding project is now revealed: It is the first step in the program of God to bring his rule to the nations of the world " (Boda, 166). And God's temple is Christ today, as seen on earth in his body, the church! See 2 Cor 6:18 and 2 Sam 7:8, 14, where “the apostle Paul can transform the promise originally directed to the Davidic line into a promise for the new community of Christ, the church” (Boda, 168). God wants to spread his glory in the world through us. He does this through the power of his resurrected and reigning king, who has all power in heaven and earth, and who sends us as his messengers to spread his rule (Matt 28:18-20) (see Boda, 168). "The splendor of the new temple and the glory of the throne of David will, amid the turmoil in nature and among the nations, be fulfilled in Christ, centrally at his first and finally at his second advent" (Verhoef, 149).
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.