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Honoring All People in the Economy of God
1 Timothy 5:1-8
Honor all people, take care of your family, and support those who are truly widows.
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Published January 26th, 2017
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1 Timothy 5:1-8
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1 Timothy 5:1-8
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1 Timothy 5:1-8 ESV
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1 Timothy 5:1-8
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Instructions for the Church 5 1 b Do not rebuke an older man but encourage him as you would a father, c younger men as brothers, 2 older women as mothers, younger women as sisters, in all purity. 3 Honor widows d who are truly widows. 4 But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn e to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for f this is pleasing in the sight of God. 5 She g who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and h continues in supplications and prayers night and day, 6 but i she who is self-indulgent is j dead even while she lives. 7 k Command these things as well, so that they may be without reproach. 8 But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for l members of his household, he has m denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
1 Timothy 5:1-8 NA28
1 Timothy 5:1-8
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5 1 Πρεσβυτέρῳ μὴ ἐπιπλήξῃς ἀλλὰ παρακάλει ὡς πατέρα, νεωτέρους ὡς ἀδελφούς, 2 πρεσβυτέρας ὡς μητέρας, νεωτέρας ὡς ἀδελφὰς ἐν πάσῃ ἁγνείᾳ. 3 Χήρας τίμα τὰς ὄντως χήρας. 4 * εἰ δέ τις χήρα τέκνα ἢ ἔκγονα ἔχει, μανθανέτωσαν πρῶτον τὸν ἴδιον οἶκον εὐσεβεῖν καὶ ἀμοιβὰς ἀποδιδόναι τοῖς προγόνοις• τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν ἀπόδεκτον ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ. 5 ἡ δὲ ὄντως χήρα καὶ μεμονωμένη ἤλπικεν ἐπὶ θεὸν καὶ προσμένει ταῖς δεήσεσιν καὶ ταῖς προσευχαῖς νυκτὸς καὶ ἡμέρας, 6 ἡ δὲ σπαταλῶσα ζῶσα τέθνηκεν. 7 καὶ ταῦτα παράγγελλε, ἵνα ἀνεπίλημπτοι ὦσιν. 8 εἰ δέ τις τῶν ἰδίων καὶ μάλιστα οἰκείων οὐ προνοεῖ, τὴν πίστιν ἤρνηται καὶ ἔστιν ἀπίστου χείρων.
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1 Timothy 5:1-8
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Πρεσβυτέρῳ μὴ ἐπιπλήξῃς
b Do not rebuke an older man
ἀλλὰ παρακάλει ὡς πατέρα,
but encourage him as you would a father,
νεωτέρους ὡς ἀδελφούς,
c younger men as brothers,
πρεσβυτέρας ὡς μητέρας,
older women as mothers,
νεωτέρας ὡς ἀδελφὰς
younger women as sisters,
ἐν πάσῃ ἁγνείᾳ.
in all purity.
actionmanner
series
negativepositive
Χήρας τίμα
Honor widows
τὰς ὄντως χήρας.
d who are truly widows.
generalspecific
* εἰ δέ τις χήρα τέκνα ἢ ἔκγονα ἔχει,
But if a widow has children or grandchildren,
μανθανέτωσαν πρῶτον τὸν ἴδιον οἶκον εὐσεβεῖν
let them first learn e to show godliness to their own household
καὶ ἀμοιβὰς ἀποδιδόναι τοῖς προγόνοις•
and to make some return to their parents,
conditional
τοῦτο γάρ ἐστιν ἀπόδεκτον ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ.
for f this is pleasing in the sight of God.
ground
ἡ δὲ ὄντως χήρα καὶ μεμονωμένη
She g who is truly a widow, left all alone,
ἤλπικεν ἐπὶ θεὸν
has set her hope on God
situationresponse
καὶ προσμένει ταῖς δεήσεσιν καὶ ταῖς προσευχαῖς νυκτὸς καὶ ἡμέρας,
and h continues in supplications and prayers night and day,
inference
ἡ δὲ σπαταλῶσα ζῶσα τέθνηκεν.
but i she who is self-indulgent is j dead even while she lives.
alternative
factinterpretation
καὶ ταῦτα παράγγελλε,
k Command these things as well,
ἵνα ἀνεπίλημπτοι ὦσιν.
so that they may be without reproach.
actionpurpose
εἰ δέ τις τῶν ἰδίων καὶ μάλιστα οἰκείων οὐ προνοεῖ,
But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for l members of his household,
τὴν πίστιν ἤρνηται
he has m denied the faith
καὶ ἔστιν ἀπίστου χείρων.
and is worse than an unbeliever.
progression
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discourse
notes
Commentary
Paul starts out this section with a negative command, “Do not rebuke an older man,” and follows it with a correcting command, “Encourage him as you would a father.” What follows is only the positive side of the pair for each different kind of person. It seems that Paul is saying, “Do not treat this type of person harshly, but rather treat them as a father, or a brother, or a sister, or a mother.” Paul then introduces a test case that may have been particularly consequential for the church in Ephesus. He urges the church to care for any widows among them. However, if a woman whose husband has died has other family members, they ought to care for her rather than burdening the congregation. Why should children and grandchildren “make some return to their parents” (5:4)? Because, Paul says, “this is pleasing in the sight of God,” because God has provided for these children and grandchildren through the one who is now a widow. It is an act of worship and thankfulness to God to take care of one’s parents as they grow older and are left alone. Paul ends this section with a harsh warning to any child or relative who is not will to provide for his household: he has “denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever” (5:8). Generosity and care are indicative of a heart that has grasped the depths of God’s generosity towards us; to deny that and live callously towards suffering family members is a direct rejection of the God who gave his own son.
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