1 Timothy 3:1-7 ESV
1 Timothy 3:1-7
Qualifications for Overseers 3 1 The saying is v trustworthy: If anyone aspires to w the office of overseer, he desires a noble task. 2 Therefore x an overseer 1 must be above reproach, y the husband of one wife, 2 z sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, a hospitable, b able to teach, 3 not a drunkard, not violent but c gentle, not quarrelsome, d not a lover of money. 4 He must manage his own household well, with all dignity e keeping his children submissive, 5 for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for w God’s church? 6 He must not be a recent convert, or he may f become puffed up with conceit and fall into the condemnation of the devil. 7 Moreover, he must be well thought of by g outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into h a snare of the devil.
1 Timothy 3:1-7 NA28
1 Timothy 3:1-7
3 1 πιστὸς ὁ λόγος. Εἴ τις ἐπισκοπῆς ὀρέγεται, καλοῦ ἔργου ἐπιθυμεῖ. 2 δεῖ οὖν τὸν ἐπίσκοπον ἀνεπίλημπτον εἶναι, μιᾶς γυναικὸς ἄνδρα, νηφάλιον σώφρονα κόσμιον φιλόξενον διδακτικόν, 3 μὴ πάροινον μὴ πλήκτην, ἀλλʼ ἐπιεικῆ ἄμαχον ἀφιλάργυρον, 4 τοῦ ἰδίου οἴκου καλῶς προϊστάμενον, τέκνα ἔχοντα ἐν ὑποταγῇ, μετὰ πάσης σεμνότητος 5 (εἰ δέ τις τοῦ ἰδίου οἴκου προστῆναι οὐκ οἶδεν, πῶς ἐκκλησίας θεοῦ ἐπιμελήσεται;), 6 μὴ νεόφυτον, ἵνα μὴ τυφωθεὶς εἰς κρίμα ἐμπέσῃ τοῦ διαβόλου. 7 δεῖ δὲ καὶ μαρτυρίαν καλὴν ἔχειν ἀπὸ τῶν ἔξωθεν, ἵνα μὴ εἰς ὀνειδισμὸν ἐμπέσῃ καὶ παγίδα τοῦ διαβόλου.
1 Timothy 3:1-7
πιστὸς ὁ λόγος. Εἴ τις ἐπισκοπῆς ὀρέγεται,
The saying is v trustworthy: If anyone aspires to w the office of overseer,
καλοῦ ἔργου ἐπιθυμεῖ.
he desires a noble task.
δεῖ οὖν τὸν ἐπίσκοπον ἀνεπίλημπτον εἶναι,
Therefore x an overseer 1 must be above reproach,
μιᾶς γυναικὸς ἄνδρα,
y the husband of one wife, 2
b able to teach,
not a drunkard,
but c gentle,
d not a lover of money.
τοῦ ἰδίου οἴκου καλῶς προϊστάμενον,
He must manage his own household well,
τέκνα ἔχοντα ἐν ὑποταγῇ,
[EDIT] keeping his children submissive,
μετὰ πάσης σεμνότητος
with all dignity
(εἰ δέ τις τοῦ ἰδίου οἴκου προστῆναι οὐκ οἶδεν,
for if someone does not know how to manage his own household,
πῶς ἐκκλησίας θεοῦ ἐπιμελήσεται;),
how will he care for w God’s church?
He must not be a recent convert,
ἵνα μὴ τυφωθεὶς
[EDIT] in order that he may not, by becoming puffed up with conceit,
εἰς κρίμα ἐμπέσῃ τοῦ διαβόλου.
fall into the condemnation of the devil.
δεῖ δὲ καὶ μαρτυρίαν καλὴν ἔχειν ἀπὸ τῶν ἔξωθεν,
Moreover, he must be well thought of by g outsiders,
ἵνα μὴ εἰς ὀνειδισμὸν ἐμπέσῃ καὶ παγίδα τοῦ διαβόλου.
so that he may not fall into disgrace, into h a snare of the devil.
Following the NIV in reading της ευσεβειας as a genitive of production.
Paul begins his next section of the letter with another trustworthy statement, but this section is not completely unrelated to what precedes it. If women are to lead holy lives of submissive learning and good deeds, what kind of men are they going to be submissive to? Paul’s answer to this question expects much from the men who aspire to be overseers, but this bar is raised high for the sake of the church, Christ’s own bride. Rather than focusing on the well-known first section (3:2-3), let’s look at the second section. 3:4-7 gives specific situational criteria for those who would be overseers, and gives specific reasons for both. Vs. 4-5 focus on the elder among his own family. The task he is aspiring to is not only noble, it is astonishingly sacred. He is aspiring to “care for God’s church” (3:5). The church is Christ’s bride, the family of God. How could a man think he has any business caring for these blood-bought people if he does not lovingly manage his own family? Care for his own wife? Nurture his own children? Pour out his sweat and tears, his life and blood, for his own family? If a man does not lay down his life for his earthly family, he ought not to seek the noble task of caring for the heavenly family of God, formed by the blood of Christ Jesus. Next, vs. 6-7 warn of elders falling into “the condemnation” or “a snare” of the devil. This theme will be revisited in 5:20, but Paul gives two requirements here that are meant as preventative measures against an elder bringing reproach not only on himself but on the entire bride of Christ. Those recently converted must not be elders, as they are more likely than not still too young in the faith to have the humility to avoid the devil’s tricks of pride and conceit (3:6). “Moreover,” anyone who would be an elder in the church must be thought well of by those outside the church, so that they are not bringing disgrace on to himself and onto the church because of immature, underhanded dealings (3:7).