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If Jesus had disregarded your traditions and good works, would you still have trusted and followed Him?
John 9:35-41
Formerly blind man silenced and kicked out of the community for testifying truthfully about Jesus Christ.
John 9:13-34
Jesus Christ gave sight to a blind man. And as back then, so He is today the eternal light in spiritual darkness for those looking to Him.
John 9:1-12
Jesus makes His eternal nature openly known with the "I AM" statement. No beginning and no end. Eternal God in human form.
John 8:48-59
Jesus Christ and God are One. You can't coherently believe God without Jesus and Jesus without God.
John 8:39-47
Are you burdened by mistakes and failures? Jesus can set you free!
John 8:31-38
Are you spiritually lost in darkness? Jesus is the light of the world and the giver of the light of life.
John 8:12-30
Jesus Loves Sinners. See how He loved and forgave an Adulterer.
John 8:1-11
See a contrast of good and bad leadership
John 7:45-53
Have you heard about water that consists of more than two hydrogens and one oxygen atom?
John 7:37-44
Jesus Christ ascended back to God the Father after His incarnation, death, and resurrection, 2000 years ago.
John 7:32-36
Are the sources for your worldview and beliefs reliable, consistent, and overall true?
John 7:27-31
At a scale of 0 to 1, how are your moral judgment skills?
John 7:20-26
If you knew there is a place where people want to kill you, would there be something that could make you go there anyway?
John 7:14-20
Seek and find Jesus Christ for the right reasons
John 7:10-13
The Lord wants His people to judge righteously and live for eternity
John 7:1-9
Do you believe in Jesus? How come you do or don't?
John 6:60-71
Find your eternal need and satisfaction met in Jesus Christ. Believe Him.
John 6:25-59
Jesus went through the storm of death for you
John 6:16-24
Jesus displays His Compassion, Sufficiency, Thriftiness, and Patience in the story of the feeding of the five thousand
John 6:1-15
How do you know who to trust?
John 5:31-47
Who is Jesus Christ personally to you?
John 5:16-30
Struggling with verses in the Bible? Look at the big picture to keep clarity. Are you suffering? Jesus identified, knows, and understands.
John 5:1-15
Do you know God? - Or is a wrong understanding of Him keeping you at distance?
John 4:43-54
Jesus revealed Himself as Messiah to a Samaritan woman. She and many in her city believed in Him once they got to know Him.
John 4:1-42
How a right view of God, your neighbor, and yourself may lead you to live a God-honoring and intelligent life.
1 Corinthians 3
How envy and humility may change your life
John 3:22-36
Jesus proved His love for God the Father and true worshippers by standing up for them against powerful rulers who increasingly hated Him.
John 2:12-25
The source of joy that surpasses everything else in my life.
Romans 5
Why are there seasons of lack of joy and happiness?
John 2:1-11
What determines who you follow on social media? - Do you know Jesus? Have you decided to follow Him first and foremost?
John 1:35-51
Do you remember a time when you were honored with a good testimony? Read here about John's unique testimony of Jesus.
John 1:29-34
Who is John the Baptist? But more importantly: "Who are you?" and "Who is Jesus Christ?"
John 1:19-28
The Lord is supreme over all! Hallelujah!
Psalms 113
Who is Jesus Christ? Find deep treasures about Him in the God-inspired writings of Apostel John.
John 1:1-18
Do you note and avoid false teachers? Are you part of a team that works for the furtherance of the Good News of Christ? Yes? - Praise God!
Romans 16:17-27
What did Paul appreciate most in others?
Romans 16:1-16
What to do when desire and calling are not matching? See how Paul did it.
Romans 15:22-31
God fulfilled His promise of the Good News for the Gentiles in Paul's life. Which promises does God fulfill in your life?
Romans 15:14-21
Do you have trouble with a weakness of your brother/sister in the Lord? Accept him/her because Christ accepted you despite your weaknesses.
Romans 15:1-13
Do things from faith. All action in doubt is sin.
Romans 14:14-23
Walk fully convinced in the fear of the Lord. Don't despise or judge a fellow-saint but seek his best.
Romans 14:1-13
Outline of Romans 4: Saving Faith explained
Romans 4
Time is short - love one another and your neighbor by being led by the Spirit, in reflecting Christ to them.
Romans 13:8-14
Our lives are governed by authorities that God appointed
Romans 13:1-7
All things such as space, energy, and authority were created by God's perfect representative, that is the supreme God-Man Jesus Christ.
Colossians 1:15-16
Paul's instruction on how to relate to fellow believers and unbelievers
Romans 12:9-21
What is your gift as a member of the body of Christ?
Romans 12:3-8
What is better than life?
Psalms 63
In God alone I put my trust, who is my Deliverer, strong Protector, Refuge, and save Shelter.
Psalms 62
How to know the will of God
Romans 12:1-2
What does the goodness of God lead you to think, say, and do?
Romans 11:11-36
David walked in integrity, are you too?
Psalms 26
A prayer to know more our Lord Jesus Christ
Ephesians 1:17-19
Think soberly and walk in the fear of the Lord, because God is blessed for His great saving work in Jesus Christ for you.
1 Peter 1
God offers His righteousness in grace as a gift in Jesus Christ.
Romans 3
In Christ are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. - Col 2:3
Proverbs 2:1-9
Amazing grace of God! He is faithful, and will complete what He started.
Romans 11:1-10
Israel disobeyed and rejected God's compassion to save. Please don't do the same mistake. Receive God's gift of eternal life in Christ.
Romans 10:14-21
How does a victorious life look like for you?
Psalms 148
Believe Jesus and receive eternal life.
John 3:1-21
Zealous works cannot save, but faith in Christ does!
Romans 10:1-13
Focus on the Lord in your difficulty.
Psalms 123
Where does your help come from?
Psalms 121
Revive me, O Lord.
Psalms 119:153-160
Israel in large rejects God's righteousness by faith, how about you? Have you accepted God's gift of a perfect standing in Christ?
Romans 9:30-33
Christians exist only because of the mercy and compassion of God.
Romans 9:14-29
God's Word was, is, and will always be effective
Romans 9:6-13
Paul's grief for Israel's rejection of Christ
Romans 9:1-5
Nothing can separate the elect of God form the love of Christ.
Romans 8:31-39
Jesus, King-everlasting, shamed, mocked and tortured by His creatures, to restore a relationship with them.
Matthew 27:27-31
God works Christ-likeness in those he foreknew.
Romans 8:28-30
The Lord is Holy. Majestic, mighty, and faithful King who always was is and forever will be. He is the everlasting King!
Psalms 93
What is the Spirit's part of work in the life of God's children?
Romans 8:26-27
Christians groan in longing for their glorification
Romans 8:23-25
Outline of Romans 2
Romans 2
What gets creation to perfection?
Romans 8:19-22
Children of God are saved to be glorified together with Christ.
Romans 8:16-18
Great is God the giver of every spiritual blessing!
Ephesians 1:3-4
What does it mean to live according to the Spirit?
Romans 8:1-17
The law cannot help in the struggle with indwelling sin but the Lord Jesus can.
Romans 7:13-25
Is the law still condemning you or have you found the grace of God in Christ?
Romans 7:7-12
Are you in the flesh under the curse of the law, or are you liberated serving in the newness of the Spirit?
Romans 7:1-6
Do you live as a person who is under grace? Are you devoted to God or yourself? We received all in Christ, should we not also live for Him?
Romans 6:15-23
What does your baptism mean?
Romans 6:1-14
Great disasters will happen before the powerful and glorious appearance of the Son of Man. Tribes will mourn; the elect will be gathered.
Matthew 24:29-31
The Fall of Humanity and God's gracious Gift of Justification
Romans 5:12-21
Outline of Romans 1
Romans 1:1-32
Rejoice: In Christ's death and resurrection, reconciliation and salvation is freely available for you.
Romans 5:6-11
Justification by faith grands peace with God, access to God and an overflowing joy which causes to boast in God even in suffering.
Romans 5:1-5
What are the signs of the Lord's coming and the end of the age?
Matthew 24:1-28
God's promise, Abrahams faith, and its lesson
Romans 4:13-25
Were the Jews who lived at the old testament time saved in the same manner as the Gentiles today?
Romans 4:1-8
Who do you boast in?
Romans 3:27-31
Have you received the righteousness of God by believing Jesus? Or are you still in your sins? Trust Him today to be made right in Gods sight
Romans 3:21-26
All are guilty before God. There is none righteous. All are under sin.
Romans 3:9-20
God is faithful to save and just in all His judgments. Either submit to His truth, or His wrath will inflict you for your sins.
Romans 3:1-8
No salvation in anything outward which man could boast in, but only in God who causes the inward change of heart.
Romans 2:25-29
The Jew knows the will of God, but fails as the Gentile in doing it. All have failed and are guilty.
Romans 2:17-24
A call for repentance to lost and self-righteous sinners.
Luke 15:11-32
Bear fruit for God because we belong to and love Jesus
Romans 7:4-6
The blessed man meditates on the law of the Lord
Psalms 1:1-6
Meditate on Scripture
Joshua 1:8
All men are unrighteous and therefore under the wrath of God. They are guilty unless they received the righteousness of God by faith.
Romans 2:1-16
Praise the Lord. He takes pleasure in His people.
Psalms 149
The Spirit intercedes for us in our weaknesses.
Romans 8:26-27
No one served God like Jesus; He is the greatest. Hypocrites work for themselves to be seen and praised by man. Their desire misleads them.
Matthew 23:1-36
Gott zeigt seine Größe im Erhalten und Versorgen der Bedürftigen. Lob und Ruhm sei Gott dem ewigen König für alle Zeit.
Psalms 145
The denial of the truth of the existence of God is followed by unrighteous and wicked characteristics.
Romans 1:18-32
Highly honored by the Gospel of Christ
Romans 1:16-17
An example of how Paul made plans according to his call and longing and then trusted God to succeed or hinder these plans.
Romans 1:8-15
The privilege of being in Christ! No condemnation, and a walk in the Spirit!
Romans 8:1-4
Beloved of God; you who are called to be saints: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 1:1-7
The Lord is long-suffering, who desires that all men come to repentence.
2 Peter 3:8-9
Reconciled to God through Christ's death and saved by His life to evermore rejoice in that fact.
Romans 5:10-11
A people of God
1 Peter 2:9-10
In Christ we may receive all things that exist for life and godliness to share in divine nature
2 Peter 1:3-4
Is there anything better than the Love of God in Christ?
Romans 8:31-39
Paulus bittet das der Vater der Herrlichkeit den Heiligen in Epheser den Geist der Weisheit und der Offenbarung gebe.
Ephesians 1:15-23
Experience the power of God in your life through prayer together with your brothers and sisters.
James 5:13-18
Blessed is the one who trusts the Lord
Psalms 84
Wealth cannot save you, Christ can. Forsake the dream that riches will fulfill you and follow Christ who is the all-surpassing reward.
Matthew 19:23-30
God is the judge and lawgiver. Submit to His law and do not speak evil against you brother.
James 4:11-12
God's work of Regeneration - A new heart with new desires and His Spirit to live a fulfilled life in the will of God
Ezekiel 36:25-27
Do you labor for the people of God?
Colossians 4:12-13
Fruchtbar oder Unfruchtbar?
John 15:1-3
Praise the Lord for of His might and acts of mercy
Psalms 147
Kill sin, because in Christ you have put off the sinful nature. Put on Christ, because in Him you have put Him on already.
Colossians 3:1-17
To be blessed and truly honored by God is to live out what Christ has done for His church
Psalms 119:1-8
Trust and be content in the Lord; He is your Helper; He will never leave nor forsake you!
Hebrews 13:5-6
Live out the from God received Wisdom, but be careful not to boast of wisdom if your heart is sidetracked by the flesh.
James 3:13-18
Are you wholeheartedly devoted to good works? Can people learn when they see you work?
Titus 3:12-15
Foolish talk is useless, empty, and self- condemning. Warn those who do that and stay away from them if they do not repent.
Titus 3:9-11
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Jesus as the Good Shepherd
John 10:1-21
Is the Lord Jesus Your personal Shepherd?
#shepherd
#Jesus
#Lord
Published July 6th, 2022
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Notes_2022APR15
Main point summary
Discourse_2022MAR13
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Notes_2022APR15
Previously, Jesus gave sight to a born-blind man who was rejected by the Jewish leaders for a truthful witness account. Jesus opposed the action of the leaders by telling a familiar Old Testament sheep-shepherd illustration (Ezk 34). Verse 1 Leaders who oppose God and abuse their own people In the illustration, the Jewish leaders (9:40) are represented by bad shepherds likened to thieves and robbers who are neglecting and even taking advantage of the sheep. They neglect to cloth, strengthen, heal, bandage, and seek after the lost sheep of Israel. They rule with harshness and force over them. Jesus pictures the Jewish leaders as false prophets seeking to spiritually influence, captivate, steal, and rob the people of Israel. They preach a false accepta1nce of God through the performance of the law apart from faith. Yet, acceptance with God is and always was only through faith in the promised Messiah. Verses 2-5 The Shepherd of the Sheep Jesus is pictured as the legitimate shepherd of the sheep. He enters the proper way through the door and is permitted by the doorkeeper to access the fold of the people of Israel to do what the leaders of Israel neglected. He clothes, strengthens, heals, bandages, and seeks after the lost sheep of Israel. Not only has Jesus access to the fold of Israel, but He also calls and leads them out to a new fold described in verse 16 . Sheep only trust and listen to the shepherd but flee from strangers. They are vulnerable and unintelligent but not ignorant of who truly cares and leads them. The shepherd knows his sheep individually by name, values, and protects them. This illustration adds to the picture by showing the heart of Jesus towards people and states the response from those who know Him. These verses emphasize a close relationship between Jesus and each individual that listens to Him. Verse 6 The leaders do not understand The Jewish leaders were familiar with Ezk 34 yet would not allow themselves to be referenced to the rebuked shepherds. So Jesus elaborated on the illustration. Verses 7-10 "I am the Door" Shepherds would sit or lay down at the entrance of the fold when they'd gathered the sheep in the fold. They'd be the door through which access is granted - physically. Jesus explains that He is the eternal access to spiritual safety and life abundance. Those who portray themselves to be the access to eternal safety and life are taking advantage of people. Be careful when someone promises God's blessing in exchange for money! Jesus alone is exclusively the access to eternal safety and life. No one else qualifies to be the access. No one else is God and Perfect Man laying down His life for people. Those who are eternally safe in Jesus enjoy God's common grace without the lingering consciousness of death and eternal condemnation because of their sins. They have entered eternal life because Jesus died to set them free from the righteous punishment for sinners. The freedom from condemnation yields through the Spirit of God a harvest of abundant life with and in Christ. Jesus said: "If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved". Only those who enter by Jesus will be eternally saved. Eternal safety and life in Jesus are not automatic for all, nor is there an alternative way besides Jesus. If you do not enter, you carry the burden of your sins yourself for the rest of your life and for all eternity. Enter now before your days are numbered and an eternity lost. Verses 11-18 "I am the good shepherd" History records some noble leaders and shepherds, yet not one of them is as good a shepherd as the Lord Jesus proves to be. "Good" shepherd in the sense of absolute perfection and righteousness such as only could come from God alone. He is the shepherd that lays down His life for the sheep. How many leaders do you know that have done that? Or even laid down one's life for his enemies? (Romans 5:8-10). Jesus' love is not of this world. A person in awe of someone would do anything for that person. Jesus is in awe of the Father because the Father is awesome. The good shepherd warrants ultimate spiritual safety. The west is obsessed with safety, yet will never reach ultimate safety because of entropy. Only God can warrant the ultimate and he does so for anyone who enters by the Lord Jesus to eternal life. The spiritual safety and protection came at the ultimate cost of the life of God's Son, Jesus Christ. Verses 19-21 Division among the Jewish leaders about Jesus The division occurred between people that loved dearly their sins and others who were humble to admit their sins and believe in Jesus.
notes
Main point summary
Jewish leaders are divided over Jesus' Words and signs. Jesus reveals and illustrates Himself as the rightful leader commended by God, by using a shepherd and sheep illustration.
Discourse_2022MAR13
editing
NT
John 10:1-21
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“Most assuredly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber .
Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν, ὁ μὴ εἰσερχόμενος διὰ τῆς θύρας εἰς τὴν αὐλὴν τῶν προβάτων ἀλλʼ ἀναβαίνων ἀλλαχόθεν ἐκεῖνος κλέπτης ἐστὶν καὶ λῃστής•
But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the doorkeeper opens, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out .
ὁ δὲ εἰσερχόμενος διὰ τῆς θύρας ποιμήν ἐστιν τῶν προβάτων. τούτῳ ὁ θυρωρὸς ἀνοίγει καὶ τὰ πρόβατα τῆς φωνῆς αὐτοῦ ἀκούει καὶ τὰ ἴδια πρόβατα φωνεῖ κατʼ ὄνομα καὶ ἐξάγει αὐτά.
alternative
And when he brings out his own sheep, he goes before them; and the sheep follow him, for they know his voice.
ὅταν τὰ ἴδια πάντα ἐκβάλῃ, ἔμπροσθεν αὐτῶν πορεύεται καὶ τὰ πρόβατα αὐτῷ ἀκολουθεῖ, ὅτι οἴδασιν τὴν φωνὴν αὐτοῦ•
Yet they will by no means follow a stranger , but will flee from him, for they do not know the voice of strangers .”
ἀλλοτρίῳ δὲ οὐ μὴ ἀκολουθήσουσιν, ἀλλὰ φεύξονται ἀπʼ αὐτοῦ, ὅτι οὐκ οἴδασιν τῶν ἀλλοτρίων τὴν φωνήν.
progression
Jesus used this illustration, but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.
Ταύτην τὴν παροιμίαν εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς, ἐκεῖνοι δὲ οὐκ ἔγνωσαν τίνα ἦν ἃ ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς.
ideaexplanation
Then Jesus said to them again, “Most assuredly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.
Εἶπεν οὖν πάλιν ὁ Ἰησοῦς• ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ θύρα τῶν προβάτων.
All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers , but the sheep did not hear them.
πάντες ὅσοι ἦλθον [πρὸ ἐμοῦ] κλέπται εἰσὶν καὶ λῃσταί, ἀλλʼ οὐκ ἤκουσαν αὐτῶν τὰ πρόβατα.
I am the door . If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved, and will go in and out and find pasture .
ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ θύρα• διʼ ἐμοῦ ἐάν τις εἰσέλθῃ σωθήσεται καὶ εἰσελεύσεται καὶ ἐξελεύσεται καὶ νομὴν εὑρήσει.
The thief does not come except to steal , and to kill , and to destroy .
ὁ κλέπτης οὐκ ἔρχεται εἰ μὴ ἵνα κλέψῃ καὶ θύσῃ καὶ ἀπολέσῃ• ἐγὼ ἦλθον ἵνα ζωὴν ἔχωσιν καὶ περισσὸν ἔχωσιν.
I have come that they may have life , and that they may have it more abundantly .
actionpurpose
“ I am the good shepherd . The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep .
Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλός. ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλὸς τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ τίθησιν ὑπὲρ τῶν προβάτων•
But a hireling , he who is not the shepherd, one who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees; and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them. The hireling flees because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep.
ὁ μισθωτὸς καὶ οὐκ ὢν ποιμήν, οὗ οὐκ ἔστιν τὰ πρόβατα ἴδια, θεωρεῖ τὸν λύκον ἐρχόμενον καὶ ἀφίησιν τὰ πρόβατα καὶ φεύγει - καὶ ὁ λύκος ἁρπάζει αὐτὰ καὶ σκορπίζει - ὅτι μισθωτός ἐστιν καὶ οὐ μέλει αὐτῷ περὶ τῶν προβάτων.
I am the good shepherd ; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own. As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep.
Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλὸς καὶ γινώσκω τὰ ἐμὰ καὶ γινώσκουσίν με τὰ ἐμά, καθὼς γινώσκει με ὁ πατὴρ κἀγὼ γινώσκω τὸν πατέρα, * καὶ τὴν ψυχήν μου τίθημι ὑπὲρ τῶν προβάτων.
And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd .
καὶ ἄλλα πρόβατα ἔχω ἃ οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ τῆς αὐλῆς ταύτης• κἀκεῖνα δεῖ με ἀγαγεῖν καὶ τῆς φωνῆς μου ἀκούσουσιν, καὶ γενήσονται μία ποίμνη, εἷς ποιμήν.
“Therefore My Father loves Me, because I lay down My life that I may take it again. No one takes it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.
Διὰ τοῦτό με ὁ πατὴρ ἀγαπᾷ ὅτι ἐγὼ τίθημι τὴν ψυχήν μου, ἵνα πάλιν λάβω αὐτήν. οὐδεὶς αἴρει αὐτὴν ἀπʼ ἐμοῦ, ἀλλʼ ἐγὼ τίθημι αὐτὴν ἀπʼ ἐμαυτοῦ. ἐξουσίαν ἔχω θεῖναι αὐτήν, καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἔχω πάλιν λαβεῖν αὐτήν• ταύτην τὴν ἐντολὴν ἔλαβον παρὰ τοῦ πατρός μου.
This command I have received from My Father.”
inference
Therefore there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings.
Σχίσμα πάλιν ἐγένετο ἐν τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις διὰ τοὺς λόγους τούτους.
And many of them said, “He has a demon and is mad. Why do you listen to Him?”
ἔλεγον δὲ πολλοὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν• δαιμόνιον ἔχει καὶ μαίνεται• τί αὐτοῦ ἀκούετε;
Others said, “These are not the words of one who has a demon . Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
ἄλλοι ἔλεγον• ταῦτα τὰ ῥήματα οὐκ ἔστιν δαιμονιζομένου• μὴ δαιμόνιον δύναται τυφλῶν ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀνοῖξαι;
discourse
QnA_2022FEB05
Verse 1 Thief and a Robber What does the sheepfold picture? Israel Why do you believe the sheepfold represents Israel? Because Jesus used similar illustrations to point out this truth. For example, Lu 5:33-39 New wine into old wineskins. Also verse 16 which speaks of other sheep, meaning the gentile believers, who will be combined into one group of believers. This is consistent with the whole of scripture. Eze 34 Against the shepherds of Israel. God referred to the Jewish leaders as shepherds of Israel and scorns them because they fed themselves and not the flock. Who are those who climb up some other way? The unbelieving Jewish leaders. False prophets What does climbing up some other way mean? It pictures the Jewish leader's attempt to spiritually influence, captivate, steal, and rob the people of Israel. Verse 2 Shepherd Who is the shepherd of the sheep that enters by the door? Jesus of Nazareth Verse 3 Doorkeeper Who is the doorkeeper? The Holy Spirit? Who are the sheep? Those who follow. His disciples Those believing in the Messiah In particular, the born-blind man who did not listen to the "robbers and thieves" but listened to Jesus the shepherd's voice Why does he call them "by name"? His call is intimate and personal. He is invested in them and cares for them like no other. Why does he lead them? Sheep are not intelligent and very vulnerable. They need to be led or they are lost. Even and especially the most intelligent of this world need a spiritual leader because ALL people are equally spiritually dumb, dead, and vulnerable without God in Jesus as the personal leader. Verse 4 How does He bring his own sheep out? He calls and preaches the good news to all of Israel. Those who believe Him are the ones that come out, such as the disciples. How does He go before them? Not only does He call but He also takes initiative in leading them as seen with the disciples. Why do the sheep follow Him? Because they hear and know his voice. Verse 5 "The stranger" Why will the sheep flee from a stranger? Because they don't know the voice of the stranger. Verse 6 Who are "they"? Still the Jewish leaders from 9:40 Verse 7 How is Jesus the door of the sheep? As explained in verse 9. Verses 2-5 focus on their actions. Verses 7-10 on their identity. Verse 8 "but" How is the flow of thought in verse eight to be understood? The flow from 8a to 8b is a concessive relationship and could be paraphrased as follows: All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers. Though the thieves and robbers entered, the sheep did not listen to them. This verse repeats the thought of verse 1 and verse 5, namely, that the false teachers illegitimately influenced the nation of Israel but true Israelis who lived by the faith of Abraham did not listen and were not deceived by them. Verse 9 How does one enter the door? Shepherds would sit or lay down at the entrance of the fold. They'd be the door through which access would be granted or denied - physically. The shepherd must permit it. One must enter "by Him". How will the one entering be saved and what will he be saved from? Contextually, from the thief in verse 10. Saved from being spiritually stolen, killed and destroyed. What does it mean to "go in and out and find pasture"? It means to be set free from fear. The shepherd got you, therefore you are safe! You can enjoy God's common grace without the lingering consciousness of eternal condemnation because of sin. Verse 10 How is His coming supposed to give them life, and life more abundantly? Because He dies for the sheep. He bears the punishment for sinners and sets them free. Out of that freedom springs a well of abundant life. Verse 11 How is He the good shepherd? Good because He is the exact opposite of the false shepherds of Israel which are described well in Eze 34. Jesus did exactly the things that the false shepherds neglected. Good in the sense that there was none like this shepherd. There had never been a perfect shepherd present until Jesus was revealed. Why does the good shepherd give His life for the sheep? Why would He do that? The direct answer is found in verse 18. The Father who loves Him had given Him the command to lay down His life for the sheep. He did it out of love for the Father and motivated by the love of the Father. Shepherds like David would have been in danger of death when fighting wild beasts like lions and bears. It was probably not uncommon that a shepherd would lose his life protecting the sheep. Verse 12 and verse 13 Why does the hireling flee from the wolf? Because he doesn't care about the sheep How is it that the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them? It is the wolf's nature to do that. How does the hireling fit in the illustration? Who does he represent? Jewish rulers? Maybe those who cared for the sheep but when their lives were threatened, they'd abandon the sheep. Verse 14 How does the good shepherd know his sheep and the sheep the shepherd? The good shepherd knows His sheep through His care for them. Those sheep were entrusted to Him by God the Father. The sheep know the good Shepherd through His care. The good shepherd lays down His life for them. Verse 15 Why is he mentioning that he knows the father and vice versa? It is the bases for the relationship of the Good Shepherd with the sheep. The good Shepherd establishes a relationship with the sheep in full agreement with the Godhead. How is laying down his life connected to knowing and being known by the father? This explains that the Father's and Jesus's love for the sheep would go to the ultimate. They loved the sheep so much that He'd lay down His life. Verse 16 Who are the other sheep? The gentiles. Or all non-Jews. An unheard-of thing for the patriotic jew to hear that gentiles would enter into direct blessings from the Lord without becoming a proselyte. The Lord chose Paul to be the apostle to the gentiles. Which fold is he talking about? The gentile fold versus the Israel fold. Where is he bringing them to? He'll bring them together with those who have responded from the fold of Israel. He'd become the one Shepard of Jews and Gentiles and there would be one flock combined of all people groups. What do the one flock and one shepherd consist of? One flock: people from all nations One Shepherd: Jesus Christ - perfect God-Man. Verse 17 Why does the Father love Jesus? Because Jesus lays down His life to take it up again Was Jesus killed by crucifixion? No, Jesus laid down His life of Himself. The soldiers did not break Jesus's legs to speed up the torture to death as they did with the robbers beside Him because He was dead already when they approached to do that. He had given up His spirit after three dark hours of suffering on the cross. Some suffered up to 4 days on a cross until suffocation. Broken legs prevented the one on the cross from pushing up to inhale. Why does Jesus lay down His life? To take it up again. Jesus defeats death by rising from the dead. He does that for the sheep. His sheep are saved because Jesus conquered death for them. The power of death is not final for His sheep. How will He take His life again? By His power. By supernatural godly authority of life and death. Hearing this from Jesus is precious! "My Father loves Me", how comforting for all who are in Christ Jesus! Yes, I can assure say that God the Father loves even me because I'm united with Christ. Verse 18 How can one have the power to lay down and take it up again? Only God can do that. Jesus declares attributes of God by saying and accomplishing this claim. Why did the Father command Jesus to lay down and take up His life? Because the Father loves Jesus. And Jesus was glorified through this act. You might ask what the glory is in laying down His life. The glory is in what He had done by His death and the victory won by His resurrection. He saved His sheep through this act. Verse 19 Why was there a division among the Jews? The division was because of the words Jesus spoke. Throughout the last 2000 years, the words of Jesus have caused people to decide if Jesus was truly God in human form. This has resulted in divisions among friends and families. There is no cost too high for those who truly know Him. How come this has caused a division? Because Jesus' words are not just ordinary. A person listening to this is deciding whether Jesus is who He claims, namely God, or he is an absolute lunatic. Verse 20 Why would some say that He has a demon and is mad? John points out the reason for people's rejection of Him in previous chapters. It comes down to people's love for sin. They loved darkness because of their evil deeds (John 3:19). Jesus exposed their evil hearts which was very uncomfortable and the natural way to deal with that conflict was to discredit Him. Verse 21 How come some didn't buy into the saying that he had a demon? They heard His words and saw His actions which aligned. They had the humility to admit their sin and saw God in Jesus of Nazareth.
DiscourseDetailed_2022FEB05
John 10:1-21
na28
“Most assuredly, I say to you,
Ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν,
he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door,
ὁ μὴ εἰσερχόμενος διὰ τῆς θύρας εἰς τὴν αὐλὴν τῶν προβάτων
but climbs up some other way,
ἀλλʼ ἀναβαίνων ἀλλαχόθεν ἐκεῖνος κλέπτης ἐστὶν καὶ λῃστής•
negativepositive
the same is a thief and a robber.
conditional
But he who enters by the door
ὁ δὲ εἰσερχόμενος διὰ τῆς θύρας ποιμήν ἐστιν τῶν προβάτων.
is the shepherd of the sheep.
To him the doorkeeper opens,
τούτῳ ὁ θυρωρὸς ἀνοίγει καὶ τὰ πρόβατα τῆς φωνῆς αὐτοῦ ἀκούει καὶ τὰ ἴδια πρόβατα φωνεῖ κατʼ ὄνομα καὶ ἐξάγει αὐτά.
and the sheep hear his voice;
and he calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
And when he brings out his own sheep,
ὅταν τὰ ἴδια πάντα ἐκβάλῃ, ἔμπροσθεν αὐτῶν πορεύεται καὶ τὰ πρόβατα αὐτῷ ἀκολουθεῖ, ὅτι οἴδασιν τὴν φωνὴν αὐτοῦ•
he goes before them;
temporal
and the sheep follow him,
for they know his voice.
ground
Yet they will by no means follow a stranger,
ἀλλοτρίῳ δὲ οὐ μὴ ἀκολουθήσουσιν, ἀλλὰ φεύξονται ἀπʼ αὐτοῦ, ὅτι οὐκ οἴδασιν τῶν ἀλλοτρίων τὴν φωνήν.
but will flee from him,
for they do not know the voice of strangers.”
Jesus used this illustration,
Ταύτην τὴν παροιμίαν εἶπεν αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς, ἐκεῖνοι δὲ οὐκ ἔγνωσαν τίνα ἦν ἃ ἐλάλει αὐτοῖς.
but they did not understand the things which He spoke to them.
concessive
Then Jesus said to them again,
Εἶπεν οὖν πάλιν ὁ Ἰησοῦς• ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ θύρα τῶν προβάτων.
“Most assuredly, I say to you,
I am the door of the sheep.
All who ever came before Me are thieves and robbers,
πάντες ὅσοι ἦλθον [πρὸ ἐμοῦ] κλέπται εἰσὶν καὶ λῃσταί, ἀλλʼ οὐκ ἤκουσαν αὐτῶν τὰ πρόβατα.
but the sheep did not hear them.
I am the door.
ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ θύρα• διʼ ἐμοῦ ἐάν τις εἰσέλθῃ σωθήσεται καὶ εἰσελεύσεται καὶ ἐξελεύσεται καὶ νομὴν εὑρήσει.
If anyone enters by Me,
he will be saved,
and will go in and out and find pasture.
actionresult
The thief does not come
ὁ κλέπτης οὐκ ἔρχεται εἰ μὴ ἵνα κλέψῃ καὶ θύσῃ καὶ ἀπολέσῃ• ἐγὼ ἦλθον ἵνα ζωὴν ἔχωσιν καὶ περισσὸν ἔχωσιν.
except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy.
I have come
that they may have life,
and that they may have it more abundantly.
“I am the good shepherd.
Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλός. ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλὸς τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ τίθησιν ὑπὲρ τῶν προβάτων•
The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep .
But a hireling,
ὁ μισθωτὸς καὶ οὐκ ὢν ποιμήν, οὗ οὐκ ἔστιν τὰ πρόβατα ἴδια, θεωρεῖ τὸν λύκον ἐρχόμενον καὶ ἀφίησιν τὰ πρόβατα καὶ φεύγει - καὶ ὁ λύκος ἁρπάζει αὐτὰ καὶ σκορπίζει -
he who is not the shepherd,
one who does not own the sheep,
series
sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees;
and the wolf catches the sheep and scatters them.
The hireling flees
ὅτι μισθωτός ἐστιν καὶ οὐ μέλει αὐτῷ περὶ τῶν προβάτων.
because he is a hireling and does not care about the sheep.
I am the good shepherd;
Ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ποιμὴν ὁ καλὸς καὶ γινώσκω τὰ ἐμὰ καὶ γινώσκουσίν με τὰ ἐμά,
and I know My sheep,
and am known by My own.
As the Father knows Me,
καθὼς γινώσκει με ὁ πατὴρ κἀγὼ γινώσκω τὸν πατέρα, * καὶ τὴν ψυχήν μου τίθημι ὑπὲρ τῶν προβάτων.
even so I know the Father;
comparison
and I lay down My life for the sheep.
And other sheep I have which are not of this fold;
καὶ ἄλλα πρόβατα ἔχω ἃ οὐκ ἔστιν ἐκ τῆς αὐλῆς ταύτης• κἀκεῖνα δεῖ με ἀγαγεῖν καὶ τῆς φωνῆς μου ἀκούσουσιν, καὶ γενήσονται μία ποίμνη, εἷς ποιμήν.
them also I must bring,
and they will hear My voice;
and there will be one flock and one shepherd.
“Therefore My Father loves Me,
Διὰ τοῦτό με ὁ πατὴρ ἀγαπᾷ ὅτι ἐγὼ τίθημι τὴν ψυχήν μου, ἵνα πάλιν λάβω αὐτήν.
because I lay down My life that I may take it again.
No one takes it from Me,
οὐδεὶς αἴρει αὐτὴν ἀπʼ ἐμοῦ, ἀλλʼ ἐγὼ τίθημι αὐτὴν ἀπʼ ἐμαυτοῦ. ἐξουσίαν ἔχω θεῖναι αὐτήν, καὶ ἐξουσίαν ἔχω πάλιν λαβεῖν αὐτήν• ταύτην τὴν ἐντολὴν ἔλαβον παρὰ τοῦ πατρός μου.
but I lay it down of Myself.
I have power to lay it down,
and I have power to take it again.
This command I have received from My Father.”
Therefore there was a division again among the Jews because of these sayings.
Σχίσμα πάλιν ἐγένετο ἐν τοῖς Ἰουδαίοις διὰ τοὺς λόγους τούτους.
And many of them said,
ἔλεγον δὲ πολλοὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν• δαιμόνιον ἔχει καὶ μαίνεται• τί αὐτοῦ ἀκούετε;
“He has a demon and is mad.
Why do you listen to Him?”
Others said,
ἄλλοι ἔλεγον• ταῦτα τὰ ῥήματα οὐκ ἔστιν δαιμονιζομένου• μὴ δαιμόνιον δύναται τυφλῶν ὀφθαλμοὺς ἀνοῖξαι;
“These are not the words of one who has a demon.
Can a demon open the eyes of the blind?”
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