Therefore you are inexcusable, O man, whoever you are who judge, for in whatever you judge another you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things.
But we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.
And do you think this, O man, you who judge those practicing such things, and doing the same, that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you despise the riches of His goodness, forbearance, and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?
But in accordance with your hardness and your impenitent heart you are treasuring up for yourself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who “will render to each one according to his deeds”:
eternal life to those who by patient continuance in doing good seek for glory, honor, and immortality;
but to those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness—indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, on every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek;
but glory, honor, and peace to everyone who works what is good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For there is no partiality with God.
For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law
(for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; for when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and between themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing them )
in the day when God will judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
Indeed you are called a Jew, and rest on the law, and make your boast in God, and know His will, and approve the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law, and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having the form of knowledge and truth in the law.
You, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who preach that a man should not steal, do you steal? You who say, “Do not commit adultery,” do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who make your boast in the law, do you dishonor God through breaking the law? For “the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” as it is written.
For circumcision is indeed profitable if you keep the law; but if you are a breaker of the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision.
Therefore, if an uncircumcised man keeps the righteous requirements of the law, will not his uncircumcision be counted as circumcision? And will not the physically uncircumcised, if he fulfills the law, judge you who, even with your written code and circumcision, are a transgressor of the law?
For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh;
but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the Spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not from men but from God.
Paul addresses the hypocrisy of the self-righteous Jew
A real Jew is one inwardly not merely outwardly
The outward sign of circumcision counts only if the law is also kept
Teaching others and not walking in that teaching is hypocritical
The privilege of the Jew to know God's law
All people fall short when God judges according to truth
God desires and leads sinners to repentance. Sinners desire to judge the failures of others.
People who judge others, condemn themselves
The righteous judgment of God will be revealed over people that are impenitent and have hardened their hearts.
Eternal life to seekers of good but indignation and wrath on every self-seeking, and evil-doing soul.
People who were not taught about God have a law written in their hearts. Their conscience bears witness to that fact. This is also the ground for people accusing and excusing one another.
The law reveals all people of all nations to be guilty.
God will judge the secrets of all men by the law.
Judgmental people are impenitent and have hardened their hearts.
God is the only righteous judge. Men shows his condemned condition when he judges others.
The Jew's failure to live what they know.
God's law reveals the Jew as guilty as the Gentile.
The law of God reveals everyone as sinner
Outline of Romans I. GREETING 1:1-15 A. Paul's witness of Jesus Christ 1:1-7 B. The Roman saints Testimony 1:8-12 C. Paul's responsibility in the work of God and his desire to serve in Rome 1:13-15 II. THE GOOD NEWS OF JESUS CHRIST 1:16-16:27 A. The righteousness of God revealed in the Gospel 1:16-17 B. The wrath of God revealed against all unrighteousness of men 1:18-16:27 1. Men's suppression of the reality of God 1:18-19 2. Creation's unmistakable witness to God the Creator 1:20-23 i. Men's suppression of the reality of God leads to self-deception 1:21-23 3. The downward road of Idolatry 1:24-32 i. God gave them up to vile passions 1:24-27 ii. God gave them over to a debased mind 1:28-31 iii. The Idolater's desire to see others in Idolatry 1:32 4. The Law of God reveals everyone as Sinner 2:1-29 i. Men shows his condemned condition when he judges others 2:1-11 ii. God's law reveals the Jew as guilty as the Gentile 2:12-29