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Jesus proved His love for God the Father and true worshippers by standing up for them against powerful rulers who increasingly hated Him.
John 2:12-25
The source of joy that surpasses everything else in my life.
Romans 5
Why are there seasons of lack of joy and happiness?
John 2:1-11
What determines who you follow on social media? - Do you know Jesus? Have you decided to follow Him first and foremost?
John 1:35-51
Do you remember a time when you were honored with a good testimony? Read here about John's unique testimony of Jesus.
John 1:29-34
Who is John the Baptist? But more importantly: "Who are you?" and "Who is Jesus Christ?"
John 1:19-28
The Lord is supreme over all! Hallelujah!
Psalms 113
Who is Jesus Christ? Find deep treasures about Him in the God-inspired writings of Apostel John.
John 1:1-18
Do you note and avoid false teachers? Are you part of a team that works for the furtherance of the Good News of Christ? Yes? - Praise God!
Romans 16:17-27
What did Paul appreciate most in others?
Romans 16:1-16
What to do when desire and calling are not matching? See how Paul did it.
Romans 15:22-31
God fulfilled His promise of the Good News for the Gentiles in Paul's life. Which promises does God fulfill in your life?
Romans 15:14-21
Do you have trouble with a weakness of your brother/sister in the Lord? Accept him/her because Christ accepted you despite your weaknesses.
Romans 15:1-13
Do things from faith. All action in doubt is sin.
Romans 14:14-23
Walk fully convinced in the fear of the Lord. Don't despise or judge a fellow-saint but seek his best.
Romans 14:1-13
Outline of Romans 4: Saving Faith explained
Romans 4
Time is short - love one another and your neighbor by being led by the Spirit, in reflecting Christ to them.
Romans 13:8-14
Our lives are governed by authorities that God appointed
Romans 13:1-7
All things such as space, energy, and authority were created by God's perfect representative, that is the supreme God-Man Jesus Christ.
Colossians 1:15-16
Paul's instruction on how to relate to fellow believers and unbelievers
Romans 12:9-21
What is your gift as a member of the body of Christ?
Romans 12:3-8
What is better than life?
Psalms 63
In God alone I put my trust, who is my Deliverer, strong Protector, Refuge, and save Shelter.
Psalms 62
How to know the will of God
Romans 12:1-2
What does the goodness of God lead you to think, say, and do?
Romans 11:11-36
David walked in integrity, are you too?
Psalms 26
A prayer to know more our Lord Jesus Christ
Ephesians 1:17-19
Think soberly and walk in the fear of the Lord, because God is blessed for His great saving work in Jesus Christ for you.
1 Peter 1
God offers His righteousness in grace as a gift in Jesus Christ.
Romans 3
In Christ are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. - Col 2:3
Proverbs 2:1-9
Amazing grace of God! He is faithful, and will complete what He started.
Romans 11:1-10
Israel disobeyed and rejected God's compassion to save. Please don't do the same mistake. Receive God's gift of eternal life in Christ.
Romans 10:14-21
How does a victorious life look like for you?
Psalms 148
Believe Jesus and receive eternal life.
John 3:1-21
Zealous works cannot save, but faith in Christ does!
Romans 10:1-13
Focus on the Lord in your difficulty.
Psalms 123
Where does your help come from?
Psalms 121
Revive me, O Lord.
Psalms 119:153-160
Israel in large rejects God's righteousness by faith, how about you? Have you accepted God's gift of a perfect standing in Christ?
Romans 9:30-33
Christians exist only because of the mercy and compassion of God.
Romans 9:14-29
God's Word was, is, and will always be effective
Romans 9:6-13
Paul's grief for Israel's rejection of Christ
Romans 9:1-5
Nothing can separate the elect of God form the love of Christ.
Romans 8:31-39
Jesus, King-everlasting, shamed, mocked and tortured by His creatures, to restore a relationship with them.
Matthew 27:27-31
God works Christ-likeness in those he foreknew.
Romans 8:28-30
The Lord is Holy. Majestic, mighty, and faithful King who always was is and forever will be. He is the everlasting King!
Psalms 93
What is the Spirit's part of work in the life of God's children?
Romans 8:26-27
Christians groan in longing for their glorification
Romans 8:23-25
Outline of Romans 2
Romans 2
What gets creation to perfection?
Romans 8:19-22
Children of God are saved to be glorified together with Christ.
Romans 8:16-18
Great is God the giver of every spiritual blessing!
Ephesians 1:3-4
What does it mean to live according to the Spirit?
Romans 8:1-17
The law cannot help in the struggle with indwelling sin but the Lord Jesus can.
Romans 7:13-25
Is the law still condemning you or have you found the grace of God in Christ?
Romans 7:7-12
Are you in the flesh under the curse of the law, or are you liberated serving in the newness of the Spirit?
Romans 7:1-6
Do you live as a person who is under grace? Are you devoted to God or yourself? We received all in Christ, should we not also live for Him?
Romans 6:15-23
What does your baptism mean?
Romans 6:1-14
Great disasters will happen before the powerful and glorious appearance of the Son of Man. Tribes will mourn; the elect will be gathered.
Matthew 24:29-31
The Fall of Humanity and God's gracious Gift of Justification
Romans 5:12-21
Outline of Romans 1
Romans 1:1-32
Rejoice: In Christ's death and resurrection, reconciliation and salvation is freely available for you.
Romans 5:6-11
Justification by faith grands peace with God, access to God and an overflowing joy which causes to boast in God even in suffering.
Romans 5:1-5
What are the signs of the Lord's coming and the end of the age?
Matthew 24:1-28
God's promise, Abrahams faith, and its lesson
Romans 4:13-25
Were the Jews who lived at the old testament time saved in the same manner as the Gentiles today?
Romans 4:1-8
Who do you boast in?
Romans 3:27-31
Have you received the righteousness of God by believing Jesus? Or are you still in your sins? Trust Him today to be made right in Gods sight
Romans 3:21-26
All are guilty before God. There is none righteous. All are under sin.
Romans 3:9-20
God is faithful to save and just in all His judgments. Either submit to His truth, or His wrath will inflict you for your sins.
Romans 3:1-8
No salvation in anything outward which man could boast in, but only in God who causes the inward change of heart.
Romans 2:25-29
The Jew knows the will of God, but fails as the Gentile in doing it. All have failed and are guilty.
Romans 2:17-24
Bear fruit for God because we belong to and love Jesus
Romans 7:4-6
The blessed man meditates on the law of the Lord
Psalms 1:1-6
Meditate on Scripture
Joshua 1:8
All men are unrighteous and therefore under the wrath of God. They are guilty unless they received the righteousness of God by faith.
Romans 2:1-16
Praise the Lord. He takes pleasure in His people.
Psalms 149
The Spirit intercedes for us in our weaknesses.
Romans 8:26-27
No one served God like Jesus; He is the greatest. Hypocrites work for themselves to be seen and praised by man. Their desire misleads them.
Matthew 23:1-36
Gott zeigt seine Größe im Erhalten und Versorgen der Bedürftigen. Lob und Ruhm sei Gott dem ewigen König für alle Zeit.
Psalms 145
The denial of the truth of the existence of God is followed by unrighteous and wicked characteristics.
Romans 1:18-32
Highly honored by the Gospel of Christ
Romans 1:16-17
An example of how Paul made plans according to his call and longing and then trusted God to succeed or hinder these plans.
Romans 1:8-15
The privilege of being in Christ! No condemnation, and a walk in the Spirit!
Romans 8:1-4
Beloved of God; you who are called to be saints: Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 1:1-7
The Lord is long-suffering, who desires that all men come to repentence.
2 Peter 3:8-9
Reconciled to God through Christ's death and saved by His life to evermore rejoice in that fact.
Romans 5:10-11
A people of God
1 Peter 2:9-10
In Christ we may receive all things that exist for life and godliness to share in divine nature
2 Peter 1:3-4
Is there anything better than the Love of God in Christ?
Romans 8:31-39
Paulus bittet das der Vater der Herrlichkeit den Heiligen in Epheser den Geist der Weisheit und der Offenbarung gebe.
Ephesians 1:15-23
Experience the power of God in your life through prayer together with your brothers and sisters.
James 5:13-18
Blessed is the one who trusts the Lord
Psalms 84
Wealth cannot save you, Christ can. Forsake the dream that riches will fulfill you and follow Christ who is the all-surpassing reward.
Matthew 19:23-30
God is the judge and lawgiver. Submit to His law and do not speak evil against you brother.
James 4:11-12
God's work of Regeneration - A new heart with new desires and His Spirit to live a fulfilled life in the will of God
Ezekiel 36:25-27
Do you labor for the people of God?
Colossians 4:12-13
Fruchtbar oder Unfruchtbar?
John 15:1-3
Praise the Lord for of His might and acts of mercy
Psalms 147
Kill sin, because in Christ you have put off the sinful nature. Put on Christ, because in Him you have put Him on already.
Colossians 3:1-17
To be blessed and truly honored by God is to live out what Christ has done for His church
Psalms 119:1-8
Trust and be content in the Lord; He is your Helper; He will never leave nor forsake you!
Hebrews 13:5-6
Live out the from God received Wisdom, but be careful not to boast of wisdom if your heart is sidetracked by the flesh.
James 3:13-18
Are you wholeheartedly devoted to good works? Can people learn when they see you work?
Titus 3:12-15
Foolish talk is useless, empty, and self- condemning. Warn those who do that and stay away from them if they do not repent.
Titus 3:9-11
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The Parable of the Lost Son
Luke 15:11-32
A call for repentance to lost and self-righteous sinners.
#repentance
#sin
#righteous
Published January 12th, 2017; Updated January 16th, 2017
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Main point summary
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Notes
notes
Main point summary
The Lord teaches forgiveness and acceptance for the repentant sinner. But warns the self-righteous of their rejection of the Father.
Arc
editing
NT
Luke 15:11-32
nkjv
Then He said:
“A certain man had two sons.
And the younger of them said to his father,
‘Father, give me the portion of goods that falls to me. ’
ideaexplanation
So he divided to them * his livelihood.
actionresult
And not many days after,
the younger son gathered all together,
journeyed to a far country,
and there wasted his possessions
with prodigal living.
actionmanner
series
temporal
But when he had spent all,
there arose a severe famine in that land,
and he began to be in want.
Then he went and joined himself to a citizen of that country,
and he sent him into his fields
to feed swine.
actionpurpose
And he would gladly have filled his stomach with the pods that the swine ate,
and no one gave him anything.
concessive
progression
“But when he came to himself, he said,
‘How many of my father’s hired servants have bread enough and to spare,
and I perish with hunger!
I will arise and go to my father,
and will say to him,
“Father, * I have sinned against heaven and before you,
and I am no longer worthy to be called your son.
inference
Make me like one of your hired servants.” ’
“And he arose and came to his father.
But * when he was still a great way off,
his father saw him
and had compassion,
and ran
and fell on his neck
and kissed him.
And the son said to him,
‘Father, I have sinned against heaven * and in your sight,
and am no longer worthy to be called your son.’
“But the father said to his servants,
‘Bring out the best robe
and put it on him,
and put a ring on his hand
and sandals on his feet.
And bring the fatted calf here and kill it,
and let us eat and be merry;
* for this my son was dead
and is alive again;
situationresponse
he was lost
and is found.’
bothand
ground
And they began to be merry.
“Now his older son was in the field.
And as he came and drew near to the house,
he heard music and dancing.
So he called one of the servants and asked what these things meant.
And he said to him,
‘Your brother has come,
and because he has received him safe and sound,
your father has killed the fatted calf.’
“But he was angry
and would not go in.
Therefore his father came out
and pleaded with him.
So he answered and said to his father,
‘Lo, these many years I have been serving you;
I never transgressed your commandment at any time;
and yet you never gave me a young goat,
that I might make merry with my friends.
But as soon as this son of yours came,
who has devoured your livelihood with harlots,
you killed the fatted calf for him.’
“And he said to him,
‘Son, you are always with me,
and all that I have is yours.
It was right that we should make merry and be glad,
* for your brother was dead
and is alive again,
and was lost
and is found.’ ”
alternative
discourse
Notes
THE PASSAGE The parable of the lost son is mention only in Luke. In this passage, the Lord is responding to the complained of the Pharisees and scribes, because the Lord received sinners and ate with them ( Lu 15:1-2 ). The main point is that the Lord rejoices about sinners who come to repentance, but is also a gracious warning to the religious who reject the father. THE CONTEXT What is the historical and cultural context? To ran for a man was not an honorable thing to do. To kill the fatted calf was only for a very special occasion like a marriage of the older son. Preceding the parable of the Lost Son, the Lord gives the parable of the Lost Sheep and the parable of the Lost Coin. These parables speak all about the younger son (the repentant sinner) who was lost and is found and ends with a warning to the self-righteous older son (the Pharisees and scribes). Following the parable of the Lost Son, the Lord teaches the disciples the parable of the Unjust Steward. The Pharisees heard that teaching and scoffed the Lord because they were lovers of money. THE PROBLEM The problem is the Pharisees and scribes self-righteousness and condemnation of others ( Luk 15:1-2 ). The question the Lord is dealing with is how God sees, feels, and acts towards sinners. THE PROGRESSION The progression is biographical. The main characters are the father and his two sons. Side characters are: - A citizen of the far country - Servants of the father - Friends of the older son THE PRESENTATION The loving and forgiving Father: 1) Granted the request of the younger son and divided 1/3 of the livelihood for the younger son ( Deut 21:17 ). 2/3 were for the firstborn. 2) The father saw the younger son returning, had compassion, ran, fell on his neck, and kissed him. a) The loving and forgiving heart of the Father. 3) The Father commanded His servants to a) Put on Him the best robe. b) Put a ring on his hand. c) Put sandals on his feet. d) Kill the fatted calf i) To eat and be merry ii) Why? Lost – Found. Dead – Alive. 4) Came out to the older son and pleaded with him a) Assuring His love for the son in reminding him that: i) He is always with the Father ii) All the father has is the older sons b) Gives the reason why it was right to be glad about the return of the younger son i) Dead – Alive. Lost – Found. The younger son: 1) Asked the father for his portion (inheritance) 2) Journeyed to a far country 3) Wasted his possession with prodigal living 4) Began to be in want when a famine set in 5) Feed swine for a citizen of that country a) Desired the swine’s food but was denied to have it 6) Repentance, He came to himself a) The Fathers abundance b) His own lack c) Humility to go to the father and state the obvious i) He sinned ii) He is not worthy iii) His request The older son: 1) Was angry and wound not go into the house when he heard of what happened 2) Son's disrespectful to the father: a) He served many years b) Never transgressed his commandment any time c) Never got a young goat to celebrate with friends d) Envy of the fathers graciousness toward the younger son i) Younger son devoured the fathers livelihood ii) The father killed the fatted calf for him THE POINT 1) The love and forgiveness of the Father – Christ 2) The selfishness of the younger son - Sinner 3) The repentance of the younger son – Repentant sinner 4) The self-righteousness of the older son – Self-righteous sinner Meditation 1) Have you located yourself? 2) Can you identify yourself with one of them? a) Jesus Christ loves you and eagerly longs to receive you and build a relationship with you. b) Will you turn to Him away from your own sinful ways? c) Will you surrender all to Him and be received from Him?
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.