Romans 8:12–17
Shared July 19th, 2017
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A:8:12–17
D: 8:7–12
A:8:12–17
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NT
Romans 8:12-17
na28
mine
Ἄρα οὖν, ἀδελφοί, ὀφειλέται ἐσμὲν οὐ τῇ σαρκὶ
As a result [from the preceding information] therefore , brothers, we do not owe the flesh a thing
τοῦ κατὰ σάρκα ζῆν,
in order to grant the flesh whatever it beckons.
actionresult
εἰ γὰρ κατὰ σάρκα ζῆτε,
[For let me explain]: if you live your life granting the flesh it's desires
μέλλετε ἀποθνῄσκειν•
[then] you are destined to die [eternally].
conditional
εἰ δὲ πνεύματι
But, [on the contrary] , if by means of the Spirit['s guiding direction],
τὰς πράξεις τοῦ σώματος θανατοῦτε,
you put to death the deeds of the body [i.e., if you do not live your life granting the flesh whatever it beckons],
actionmanner
ζήσεσθε.
[then] you will live [eternally].
alternative
ideaexplanation
ὅσοι γὰρ πνεύματι θεοῦ ἄγονται, οὗτοι υἱοὶ θεοῦ εἰσιν.
[ The reason you will live is] because those who are lead by the Spirit of God are sons of God [and the implication that I present is that since you are led by the Spirit, you are therefore sons of God ]
οὐ γὰρ ἐλάβετε πνεῦμα δουλείας πάλιν εἰς φόβον
For [the reason you are sons of God is because] you did not receive the spirit of slavery [in order to return back] again [for the goal/outcome/final result of ] fear,
ἀλλʼ ἐλάβετε πνεῦμα υἱοθεσίας
but [on the contrary] you received the Spirit of adoption
ἐν ᾧ κράζομεν• αββα ὁ πατήρ.
by means of whom we cry, "Abba, Father." [i.e., we cry "Abba, Father" by means of the Spirit of Adoption]
generalspecific
negativepositive
αὐτὸ τὸ πνεῦμα συμμαρτυρεῖ τῷ πνεύματι ἡμῶν ὅτι ἐσμὲν τέκνα θεοῦ.
[ Let me explain further what I mean] :The Spirit himself confirms with our spirit that we are children of God.
εἰ δὲ τέκνα,
And if [we are] children [of God],
καὶ κληρονόμοι•
[then] also [we are] heirs [of God];
κληρονόμοι μὲν θεοῦ,
[ Therefore, since we are] heirs [to receive the blessings] of God,
συγκληρονόμοι δὲ Χριστοῦ,
[then therefore it is also true that we are] heirs with Christ [i.e., we are also heirs just as Christ is an heir]
inference
εἴπερ συμπάσχομεν
— provided that we suffer with (i.e., in a manner like) [him],
ἵνα καὶ συνδοξασθῶμεν.
for the purpose that we also might be glorified [with him].
actionpurpose
bilateral
ground
What is the relationship between σάρκα and σώματος in this verse and the whole of Paul's Epistle to the Romans?
See BDAG, 628 for this translation.
The context does not suggest that the μὲν clause contrasts the δὲ clause (See BDAG, 630). Rather, the μὲν ... δὲ construction in this context suggest a correlation (See ibid., 629).
na28
discourse
D: 8:7–12
Romans 8:12-17
Complimentary Infin.
Agency (Wallace, 163–164)
Agency (Wallace, 163–164)
1st-class condition [if prot. is true, the apod. is also] (Decker, 500–01)
1st-class condition [if prot. is true, the apod. is also] (Decker, 500–01)
Attributive Genitive (Wallace, 87)
come back
Purpose (Wallace, 610; Decker, 370)
ὀφειλέτης takes a a subsequent dative. Here, dative of interest: "we are not debtors, with interest to/for the benefit of the flesh." (Wallace, 174; cf. 142)
Paul didn't have to use this demonstrative, but it seems that he did so to provide emphasis. "As many as who are led by these Spirit of God, these are sons of God."
Intensive use of αὐτός ("It is the demonstrative force intensified," Dana-Mantey in Wallace, 349).
Apposition
1st class condition (Decker, 500–01)
Possessive Genitive (Wallace, 81)
come back
Telic εἴς? (See Harris, 88)
Dative of means, not agency (See Wallace, 373–374)
Dative of Association ( Going Deeper , 133; Wallace, 159)
Genitive of association (Wallace, 129; cf. 159)
Particle that heightens the expectation of subsequent material (Runge, 75).
text
Ἄρα
οὖν
ἀδελφοί
rocketship
solid
equal
line
pred
cword
drop
vertical
subjectverb
revrocket
ἐσμὲν
οὐ
predicate
ὀφειλέται
prepphrase
pstack
τῇ
σαρκὶ
participle
infinitive
τοῦ
ζῆν
κατὰ
σάρκα
μέλλετε
dblaccusative
ἀποθνῄσκειν
ζῆτε
κατὰ
σάρκα
εἰ
ζήσεσθε
θανατοῦτε
directobject
τὰς
πράξεις
τοῦ
σώματος
πνεύματι
εἰ
δὲ
εἰσιν
υἱοὶ
θεοῦ
shelf
ὅσοι
ἄγονται
πνεύματι
θεοῦ
οὗτοι
ἐλάβετε
οὐ
πνεῦμα
δουλείας
πάλιν
εἰς
φόβον
ἐλάβετε
πνεῦμα
υἱοθεσίας
ἐν
κράζομεν
αββα
πατήρ
ἀλλʼ
τὸ
πνεῦμα
αὐτὸ
συμμαρτυρεῖ
τῷ
πνεύματι
ἡμῶν
ἐσμὲν
τέκνα
θεοῦ
ὅτι
καὶ
κληρονόμοι
equals
table
κληρονόμοι
θεοῦ
συγκληρονόμοι
Χριστοῦ
μὲν
δὲ
συμπάσχομεν
συνδοξασθῶμεν
καὶ
ἵνα
εἴπερ
τέκνα
εἰ
vsnum
Romans 8:12
γὰρ
γὰρ
γὰρ
δὲ
Romans 8:12
Romans 8:13
Romans 8:14
Romans 8:15
Romans 8:16
Romans 8:17
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