The call to unjust suffering
1 Peter 2:18-25
It seems to me that the key to this passage is working out to what previous statement each "for" refers to.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680586284 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
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2009-05-05 05:57:17
2009-05-05 10:54:13
It seems to me that the key to this passage is working out to what previous statement each "for" refers to. So when Peter says "for to this you have been called..." is he referring to the suffering for doing good in v19-20 or submitting to unjust masters in v18? And when he says "for you were straying like sheep" is he explaining how we've been healed in v24, or why we've been called to this in v21, or why we suffer for doing good in v19-20, or why we submit to unjust masters in v18? The logic of the passage depends on how we answer this question. For what it's worth, here's my opinion (working backwards): v25 is the ground of v24d, explaining what it looks like to have been healed. vv22-25 explains in a series of 5 steps what Christ's example was in v21 (note the 5-fold repetition of 'who' obscured by the ESV etc) v21b-25 is the ground of v21a - we were called to suffer for doing good because of the example of Christ going to the cross for us v21-25 is the ground of v19-20 - it is a gracious thing in God's sight to suffer for doing good because this is what God called us to. v20 is the ground of v19, explaining why unjust suffering is a gracious thing in God's sight. v19-25 is together the ground of v18, explaining why servants should submit even to unjust masters. This gives the passage the following shape: Servants must submit even to unjust masters (v18) - this is because suffering for doing good is a gracious thing (vv19-20) - which is because this is what God called us to (v21a) - which is because this is the example Christ left us (v21b-d) - namely: - no sin or deceit (v22) - no insults when insulted (v23a-b) - no retaliation but entrusted himself to God (v23c-d) - carried our sins so that we'd live to righteousness (v24a-c) - healed us by his wounds so we turned to our shepherd (v24d-25)
10000000006790 6790 Notes 2009-05-05 05:57:17 2009-05-05 10:54:13 It seems to me that the key to this passage is working out to what previous statement each "for" refers to. So when Peter says "for to this you have been called..." is he referring to the suffering for doing good in v19-20 or submitting to unjust masters in v18? And when he says "for you were straying like sheep" is he explaining how we've been healed in v24, or why we've been called to this in v21, or why we suffer for doing good in v19-20, or why we submit to unjust masters in v18? The logic of the passage depends on how we answer this question. For what it's worth, here's my opinion (working backwards): v25 is the ground of v24d, explaining what it looks like to have been healed. vv22-25 explains in a series of 5 steps what Christ's example was in v21 (note the 5-fold repetition of 'who' obscured by the ESV etc) v21b-25 is the ground of v21a - we were called to suffer for doing good because of the example of Christ going to the cross for us v21-25 is the ground of v19-20 - it is a gracious thing in God's sight to suffer for doing good because this is what God called us to. v20 is the ground of v19, explaining why unjust suffering is a gracious thing in God's sight. v19-25 is together the ground of v18, explaining why servants should submit even to unjust masters. This gives the passage the following shape: Servants must submit even to unjust masters (v18) - this is because suffering for doing good is a gracious thing (vv19-20) - which is because this is what God called us to (v21a) - which is because this is the example Christ left us (v21b-d) - namely: - no sin or deceit (v22) - no insults when insulted (v23a-b) - no retaliation but entrusted himself to God (v23c-d) - carried our sins so that we'd live to righteousness (v24a-c) - healed us by his wounds so we turned to our shepherd (v24d-25) notes
Arc
2009-05-05 05:57:17
2009-05-05 10:54:13
editing
1 Peter
1 Peter 2:18-25
NT
esv
mine
Servants, be subject to your masters with all respect, not only to the good and gentle but also to the unjust.
Servants, submit yourselves to your masters in all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the twisted.
For this is a gracious thing,
For it is a gracious thing
when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly.
if anyone bears griefs, suffering unjustly because of consciousness of God.
conditional
For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure?
For what credit is it if you endure sinning and being beaten?
But if when you do good and suffer for it you endure,
But if you endure doing good and suffering,
this is a gracious thing in the sight of God.
this is a gracious thing with God.
concessive
ground
For to this you have been called,
For into this you were called,
because Christ also suffered for you,
because indeed Christ suffered on your behalf,
leaving you an example,
leaving you an example
actionmanner
so that you might follow in his steps.
so that you should follow his steps;
actionpurpose
He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.
who did not sin, nor was deceit found in his mouth;
When he was reviled,
who when insulted
he did not revile in return;
did not insult in return,
temporal
when he suffered,
who when suffering
he did not threaten,
did not threaten,
but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly.
but entrusted himself to the one who judges righteously;
negativepositive
He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree,
who himself carried up our sins in his body onto the tree,
that we might die to sin
in order that, dying to sins,
and live to righteousness.
we might live to righteousness;
By his wounds you have been healed.
by the wounds of whom you were healed.
For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
For you were straying like sheep, but you have now returned to the shepherd and overseer of your souls.
series
ideaexplanation
discourse
10000000006790 6790 Arc 2009-05-05 05:57:17 2009-05-05 10:54:13 editing 1 Peter 2 18 2 25 1 Peter 2:18-25 60 NT esv mine i208330 i208309 Servants, be subject to your masters with all respect, not only to the good and gentle but also to the unjust. Servants, submit yourselves to your masters in all fear, not only to the good and gentle, but also to the twisted. i208331 i208332 i208333 i208310 For this is a gracious thing, For it is a gracious thing i208311 when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly. if anyone bears griefs, suffering unjustly because of consciousness of God. conditional 2 1 i208334 i208312 For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure? For what credit is it if you endure sinning and being beaten? i208335 i208313 But if when you do good and suffer for it you endure, But if you endure doing good and suffering, i208314 this is a gracious thing in the sight of God. this is a gracious thing with God. conditional 2 concessive 2 1 ground 1 i208336 i208315 For to this you have been called, For into this you were called, i208337 i208338 i208339 i208316 because Christ also suffered for you, because indeed Christ suffered on your behalf, i208317 leaving you an example, leaving you an example actionmanner 1 i208318 so that you might follow in his steps. so that you should follow his steps; actionpurpose 2 i208340 i208319 He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth. who did not sin, nor was deceit found in his mouth; i208341 i208320 When he was reviled, who when insulted i208321 he did not revile in return; did not insult in return, temporal 1 1 i208342 i208343 i208322 when he suffered, who when suffering i208323 he did not threaten, did not threaten, temporal 1 1 i208324 but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly. but entrusted himself to the one who judges righteously; negativepositive 2 i208344 i208325 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, who himself carried up our sins in his body onto the tree, i208345 i208326 that we might die to sin in order that, dying to sins, i208327 and live to righteousness. we might live to righteousness; actionmanner 1 1 actionpurpose 2 i208346 i208328 By his wounds you have been healed. by the wounds of whom you were healed. i208329 For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls. For you were straying like sheep, but you have now returned to the shepherd and overseer of your souls. ground 1 series ideaexplanation 1 ground 1 ground 1 ground 1 1 1 1 esv 25 mine 25 a 50 discourse
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