Shared September 11th, 2019; Updated September 11th, 2019
EI: Jesus is vindicated by/thru his resurrection as Lord defeating sin, death, and Satan, and secures the work of redemption for his people (seeing and believing; my brothers and your Father/God) Mary goes to the tomb while it is still dark/ early (shows devotion) with other women (we). Thinking that body stolen, runs to Peter and John (their prominence) to report the enemies of Jesu have taken the body. She has no hope for resurrection. (1-2) John seems to insert Peter and John here who take over the narrative (3-9). They run to the tomb, John beats Peter to tomb. John stoops in and sees the linen but not go in so body not stolen but not go inside. It must be light by now as they can see inside. Peter went into the tomb and saw the linens folded and neatly laid out. Body not stolen: linen laid out and folded by someone, body gone. The implication is that Jesus was resurrected body and then folded clothing (contrast to Lazarus). John goes in now sees and believes (25, 29, 31) because not understand price Jesus would rise form dead. But surprisingly they do back home! Not understand the significance? (3-10) John returns to Mary who is crying outside the tomb (concurrently?). She is grieving and looks inside the tomb and now there are there sitting where Jesus' body has lain. Two heavenly witnesses. Mary is shown more clearly that the tomb is empty because of God. The tomb is not a place to mourn but celebrate because God has intervened. She seems to be ignorant of the fact that she speaks ot angels (not typical response to Angelic visitors). She sees Jesus but thinks he is the gardener (Eden). Jesus asks the same question the angels do whom do you seek? When Jesus calls her, her eyes are opened to see him (John 10). He tells her not to cling to him but to go tell my brothers I am ascending to my/your Father, my/your God. Now is not the time to cling to me in my still earthly/unascended state/unfinished business of preparing a place for them, sitting at the right hand of God, send HS but she has a mission, go and tell and rejoice and am risen! The nature of her relationship with him has changed. (11-16) The resurrection secures there redemption, New Covenant Family/people of God, fulfilling promise not leave them as orphans. He has secured what he has promised and described in his teaching - Their union with him in his exalted status secures the most intimate possible relationship with him and the Father (John 15) and coming HS will prepare them for the mission. Mary is graced with angelic visitors, the first to encounter Jesus, and first to receive the commission to announce the good news. She goes back and tells them she has seen the Lord. Her response to Jesus has gone from Sir to Rabboni to Lord. (17-18) Mary has threefold testimony: Scripture, angels, Jesus. Questions: Why did mary not look in? Too dark? Why did john not go in? Why do Peter and John go home and not share the news? If mary concurrently at the tomb with Peter and John why they say nothing to her or comfort her? Do her actions point to her devotion to Jesus? Going early, weeping outside, clinging to Jesus. _____ Talbert: A vv. 1–2: Mary carries a message to the disciples based on what she saw. B vv. 3–10: The two disciples come to the tomb; one looks in and sees; the other goes in, sees, and believes. B′ vv. 11–16: Mary at the tomb, looks in; later sees Jesus and believes. A′ vv. 17–18: Mary carries a message to the disciples based on what she has seen and heard.