After this Jesus b revealed himself c again to the disciples
Μετὰ ταῦτα ἐφανέρωσεν ἑαυτὸν πάλιν ὁ Ἰησοῦς τοῖς μαθηταῖς
by d the Sea of Tiberias,
ἐπὶ τῆς θαλάσσης τῆς Τιβεριάδος•
and he revealed himself in this way .
ἐφανέρωσεν δὲ οὕτως.
Simon Peter, e Thomas (called the Twin), Nathanael of f Cana in Galilee, g the sons of Zebedee, and two others of his disciples were together. (7 of 12)
ἦσαν ὁμοῦ Σίμων Πέτρος καὶ Θωμᾶς ὁ λεγόμενος Δίδυμος καὶ Ναθαναὴλ ὁ ἀπὸ Κανὰ τῆς Γαλιλαίας καὶ οἱ τοῦ Ζεβεδαίου καὶ ἄλλοι ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο.
Simon Peter said to the m, “I am going fishing.”
λέγει αὐτοῖς Σίμων Πέτρος• ὑπάγω ἁλιεύειν. λέγουσιν αὐτῷ•
They said to him, “ We will go with you.”
ἐρχόμεθα καὶ ἡμεῖς σὺν σοί.
They went out and got into the boat,
ἐξῆλθον καὶ ἐνέβησαν εἰς τὸ πλοῖον,
but h that night they caught nothing.
καὶ ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ νυκτὶ ἐπίασαν οὐδέν.
Just as day was breaking ,
πρωΐας δὲ ἤδη γενομένης
Jesus stood on the shore ;
ἔστη Ἰησοῦς εἰς τὸν αἰγιαλόν,
yet the disciples i did not know that it was Jesus .
οὐ μέντοι ᾔδεισαν οἱ μαθηταὶ ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν.
j Jesus said to them, “Children, do you have any fish?”
λέγει οὖν αὐτοῖς [ὁ] Ἰησοῦς• παιδία, μή τι προσφάγιον ἔχετε;
They answered him, “ No .”
ἀπεκρίθησαν αὐτῷ• οὔ.
k He said to them, “ Cast the net on the right side of the boat,
ὁ δὲ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς• βάλετε εἰς τὰ δεξιὰ μέρη τοῦ πλοίου τὸ δίκτυον,
and you will find some.”
So they cast it,
and now they were not able to haul it in ,
καὶ οὐκέτι αὐτὸ ἑλκύσαι ἴσχυον
because of the quantity of fish.
ἀπὸ τοῦ πλήθους τῶν ἰχθύων.
That disciple l whom Jesus loved therefore said to Peter , “ It is the Lord! ”
λέγει οὖν ὁ μαθητὴς ἐκεῖνος ὃν ἠγάπα ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ Πέτρῳ• ὁ κύριός ἐστιν.
When Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord,
Σίμων οὖν Πέτρος ἀκούσας ὅτι ὁ κύριός ἐστιν
m he put on his outer garment,
τὸν ἐπενδύτην διεζώσατο,
for he was n stripped for work,
ἦν γὰρ γυμνός,
and o threw himself into the sea.
καὶ ἔβαλεν ἑαυτὸν εἰς τὴν θάλασσαν,
The other disciples came in the boat,
οἱ δὲ ἄλλοι μαθηταὶ τῷ πλοιαρίῳ ἦλθον,
dragging the net full of fish,
οὐ γὰρ ἦσαν μακρὰν ἀπὸ τῆς γῆς
for they were not far from the land,
ἀλλʼ ὡς ἀπὸ πηχῶν διακοσίων,
but about a hundred yards 1 off.
σύροντες τὸ δίκτυον τῶν ἰχθύων.
When they got out on land,
ὡς οὖν ἀπέβησαν εἰς τὴν γῆν
they saw a charcoal fire in place,
βλέπουσιν ἀνθρακιὰν κειμένην
with fish laid out on it, and bread .
καὶ ὀψάριον ἐπικείμενον καὶ ἄρτον.
Jesus said to them, “ Bring som e of the fish that you have just caught.”
λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς• ἐνέγκατε ἀπὸ τῶν ὀψαρίων ὧν ἐπιάσατε νῦν.
So Simon Peter went aboard and hauled the net ashore , full of large fish , 153 of them.
ἀνέβη οὖν Σίμων Πέτρος καὶ εἵλκυσεν τὸ δίκτυον εἰς τὴν γῆν μεστὸν ἰχθύων μεγάλων ἑκατὸν πεντήκοντα τριῶν•
And although there were so many , the net was not torn.
καὶ τοσούτων ὄντων οὐκ ἐσχίσθη τὸ δίκτυον.
Jesus said to them, p “ Come and q have breakfast.”
λέγει αὐτοῖς ὁ Ἰησοῦς• δεῦτε ἀριστήσατε.
Now r none of the disciples dared ask him, “ Who are you ?”
οὐδεὶς δὲ ἐτόλμα τῶν μαθητῶν ἐξετάσαι αὐτόν• σὺ τίς εἶ;
They knew it was the Lord .
εἰδότες ὅτι ὁ κύριός ἐστιν.
Jesus came and s took the bread and gave it to them, and so with the fis h.
ἔρχεται Ἰησοῦς καὶ λαμβάνει τὸν ἄρτον καὶ δίδωσιν αὐτοῖς, καὶ τὸ ὀψάριον ὁμοίως.
t This was now the third time that Jesus was revealed to the disciples
τοῦτο ἤδη τρίτον ἐφανερώθη Ἰησοῦς τοῖς μαθηταῖς
after he was raised from the dead .
ἐγερθεὶς ἐκ νεκρῶν.
EI: Jesus reveals himself as Lord of his mission, convincing or promising them of his continuing presence and power to fulfill his mission, the means by which others will believe. Questions: The narrative is filled with symbolism. Appearances are identified as Jesus revealing himself (ie Luke 24:6). The narrative is wrapped with this word as an inclusio, giving a clue that this is a central theme. What details of the events reveal Jesus to the disciples and to present-day disciples? The disciples revert to fishing and this is the metaphor for J mission (Mat 4:17; OT also, Jeremiah ?) There are seven disciples. Is there significance to the number seven? Nathaniel is not part of the twelve but included here so the disciples here are a larger group than the twelve. The day was breaking points to a new era, new creation, the light has dawned? After a night of fishing, they are fishless without Jesus. Jesus stood or shows up on the beach; same word used in the other accounts. What does this mean? Jesus calls them children, brothers because of his L, D, R and soon Ascension (1:12) Why do they listen to the voice of a stranger? Why do they not recognize Jesus? Distance, dusk, or because of his resurrected body. Was John purposely vague in 6b? Fishing/mission with Jesus, fruitful, fast, and abundant, points to the promise of his presence, power, and authority in mission? What is the significance of 153 large fish? John seems to be more spiritually sensitive, recognizing Jesus resurrection first and now recognizing it is Jesus on shore? The disciples call Jesus post-resurrection, Lord. This event was decisive in recognizing his diety. Why John describes and emphasizes Peter jumping from the boat but not greeting Jesus? Jesus is always present, thinking of, and serving the disciples, emphasized from ch 14 on. Is meal picture of Jesus and his church and foretaste of eschatological banquet secured by resurrection? Why do they not ask Jesus about his identity? Is it enough that they knew it was the Lord? What were they wanting to know? Why are there so many odd details in this narrative? The section breakdown: This takes a complete story arc/form: 1-3 gives us the setting; 4-6 gives creates the tension and conflict, the absence of Jesus in light of the absence of fish; 7-8 gives us the resolution, Jesus presence and power continue thru the disciples/church; 9-14 conclusion and interpretation, ~ disciples share in Jesus resurrection life and power and continue his mission. After the feast of Unleavened Bread Jesus reveals himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias/Galilee. All the resurrection appearances are described as Jesus revealing himself to his disciples. Convincing them of his resurrection and his continued presence with them post-resurrection. Jesus had told them to meet him on a mountain in Galilee (Mat 26:32) and the disciples left Jerusalem and are now in Galilee, their old stomping grounds. There are seven disciples listed. Nathaniel is listed but not one of the twelve; the group represents a larger group of disciples, representing the church. Chapter 21 is like an epilogue to the gospel of John and transitions from the life/ministry/mission of Jesus to the disciples continuing the mission of Jesus. Jesus is not there yet so they go back to what they know, fishing. Peter as the leader inititates this and the others follow his lead and fish with him. Peter decides to go fishing and they others go with him. Fish all night but catch nothing. At daybreak, Jesus shows up for the third time and asks them if they have caught any fish. They are rightfully the true children of God (1:12) and children of Abraham (8:39) by virtue of his resurrection. They are brothers of Jesus and God is their Father (20:17). When they tell him no, he tells them/commands to cast the net on the right side of the boat and they will find some, presumably fish. Was the miracle in that he knew there was a school of fish there or that he brought the fish to the boat or both? They did and caught so many fish unable to haul into the boat (Parallel to Luke 5:1-11). John (recalls the earlier parallel account of the same miracle?) said to Peter, it is the Lord! In the previous parallel, account, Jesus makes the point they will be fishers of men and Peter recognizes his sinfulness in contrast to Jesus' deity/holiness. I think this is why they connected the dots. Jesus as he often does, uses life experiences and circumstances to teach a spiritual lesson/truth. Without Jesus and his presence, the disciples are helpless and hopeless in fulfilling the mission he just commissioned them to fulfill. The mission of Jesus is the work of God/Jesus in and through disciples/church, as participants. He has promised them fruitfulness thru abiding (John 15) and has empowered them for mission by Spirit (20:21-23). Peter gathers his clothing tightly around himself for swimming and jumps into the water. These responses are characteristic of both John and Peter. John seems to be the more spiritually sensitive one (the first to see and believe) while Peter is the first to act. If they did not recognize the voice of Jesus they surely recognized his hand in catching of fish. John makes note of Peter leaping into the sea, his reaction when he finds out it is Jesus on the beach but leaves out his meeting Jesus on the beach at this point. John wants us to see Peters response to Jesu, he desires Jesus. Johns discerns Jesus activity; Peter desires Jesus. The rest of the disciples row into shore draggin the net behind them. When the disciples get to shore, they see that Jesus has already built a fire with fish on the grill and bread warming up presumably while they were fishing. He had been there for some time. Jesus is thinking and looking out for them, serving them, and provides for them. Since chapter 14 he has been specifically thinking of and serving them. He has been watching over and caring for them. Jesus died to save the church and presently lives to serve the church by his Spirit. Jesus asks them to bring some of the fish they caught with his presence and power. Simon pulls the net ashore, full of 153 large fish (by himself?) while the net did not tear, another miracle. Is there any significance to the number? Purely to show the power and presence of Jesus for the church to accomplish his mission? The disciples share in the resurrection life and power of Jesus and the presence of Jesus to continue his mission. Then Jesus invites them to have breakfast with him. All the resurrection appearances Jesus reveals himself and fellowships with his disciples, convincing them to believe in him, here too. But it is not just that he is alive but his ministry/mission will continue in and thru them by his abiding presence and power (John 15; 20:21-23). None of the disciples dares ask Jesus as they knew it was the Lord. What did they want to ask? Want to know about the significance of the resurrection, this new era they live in, and what do they do from here? He said to them after the resurrection they will not ask him anything (16:23). The Resurrection appearances are filled with little details and fulfillments of seemingly insignificant things like this. So personal and so convincing. So their fellowship meal (wedding feast at the start of his ministry (2:1-11 and these are capstones?) picture of life and fellowship that we have in union with him and look forward to in new creation.