Complaint/Response Cycle 1
Habakkuk 1:1-11
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#Habakkuk
Published February 26th, 2019
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2011-02-04 10:18:39
2014-01-17 21:15:01
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Habakkuk
Habakkuk 1:1-11
OT
wlc
esv
הַמַּשָּׂא אֲשֶׁר חָזָה חֲבַקּוּק הַנָּבִיא׃
The oracle that Habakkuk the prophet saw.
עַד־אָנָה יְהוָה שִׁוַּעְתִּי
O LORD, how long shall I cry for help,
וְלֹא תִשְׁמָע
and you will not hear?
situationresponse
אֶזְעַק אֵלֶיךָ חָמָס
Or cry to you "Violence!"
וְלֹא תֹושִׁיעַ׃
and you will not save?
לָמָּה תַרְאֵנִי אָוֶן
Why do you make me see iniquity,
וְעָמָל תַּבִּיט
and why do you idly look at wrong?
וְשֹׁד וְחָמָס לְנֶגְדִּי
Destruction and violence are before me;
וַיְהִי רִיב וּמָדֹון יִשָּׂא׃
strife and contention arise.
progression
עַל־כֵּן תָּפוּג תֹּורָה
So the law is paralyzed,
וְלֹא־יֵצֵא לָנֶצַח מִשְׁפָּט
and justice never goes forth.
כִּי רָשָׁע מַכְתִּיר אֶת־הַצַּדִּיק
For the wicked surround the righteous;
עַל־כֵּן יֵצֵא מִשְׁפָּט מְעֻקָּל׃
so justice goes forth perverted.
bilateral
רְאוּ בַגֹּויִם
"Look among the nations,
וְהַבִּיטוּ
and see;
actionpurpose
וְהִתַּמְּהוּ
wonder
תְּמָהוּ
and be astounded.
actionresult
כִּי־פֹעַל פֹּעֵל בִּימֵיכֶם
For I am doing a work in your days
לֹא תַאֲמִינוּ
that you would not believe
כִּי יְסֻפָּר׃
if told.
conditional
כִּי־הִנְנִי מֵקִים אֶת־הַכַּשְׂדִּים
For behold, I am raising up the Chaldeans,
הַגֹּוי הַמַּר וְהַנִּמְהָר הַהֹולֵךְ לְמֶרְחֲבֵי־אֶרֶץ
that bitter and hasty nation, who march through the breadth of the earth,
לָרֶשֶׁת מִשְׁכָּנֹות לֹּא־לֹו׃
to seize dwellings not their own.
אָיֹם
They are dreaded
וְנֹורָא הוּא
and fearsome;
series
מִמֶּנּוּ מִשְׁפָּטֹו
their justice [goes forth from themselves,]
וּשְׂאֵתֹו יֵצֵא׃
and [their] dignity go[es] forth from themselves.
ground
וְקַלּוּ מִנְּמֵרִים סוּסָיו
Their horses are swifter than leopards,
וְחַדּוּ מִזְּאֵבֵי עֶרֶב
more fierce than the evening wolves;
וּפָשׁוּ פָּרָשָׁיו
their horsemen press proudly on.
וּפָרָשָׁיו מֵרָחֹוק יָבֹאוּ
Their horsemen come from afar;
יָעֻפוּ
they fly
כְּנֶשֶׁר חָשׁ לֶאֱכֹול׃
like an eagle swift to devour.
comparison
כֻּלֹּה לְחָמָס יָבֹוא
They all come for violence,
מְגַמַּת פְּנֵיהֶם קָדִימָה
[with] all their faces [set] forward.
actionmanner
וַיֶּאֱסֹף כַּחֹול שֶׁבִי׃
They gather captives like sand.
וְהוּא בַּמְּלָכִים יִתְקַלָּס
At kings they scoff,
וְרֹזְנִים מִשְׂחָק
and at rulers they laugh.
לֹו הוּא לְכָל־מִבְצָר יִשְׂחָק
They laugh at every fortress,
וַיִּצְבֹּר עָפָר
for they pile up earth
וַיִּלְכְּדָהּ׃
and take it.
אָז חָלַף
Then they sweep by
רוּחַ
like the wind
וַיַּעֲבֹר
and go on,
ideaexplanation
וְאָשֵׁם
guilty men,
זוּ כֹחֹו לֵאלֹהֹו׃
whose own might is their god!"
discourse
Notes
Three structural possibilities here: 1) v4 is inferred from v3c/d In this case 3c/d would essentially be a new thought. This seems unlikely since v3 is one sentence in Hebrew. 2) v4 is inferred from all of v3. In this case v3 would essentially be a new thought. This seems unlikely since it coresponds both in form and in content to v2. 3) v4 is inferred from vs 2&3 To get this sense we need to convert the questions into statements (which they essentially are): v2: (a/b) "I cry for help and you will not hear. (c/d) I cry to you 'Violence!' and you will not save." v3: (a/b) "You make me see iniquity, and you idly look at wrong. (c/d) Destruction and violence are before me; strife and contention arise." In this case 3c/d could either be coordinate with 2-3a/b, w/4 being an inference of the whole, or 3c/d could itself be an inference of 2-3a/b and the ground of 4, thus making it BL . If the latter we would supply the word "therefore" and the meaning would amount to: "you ignore both me and the sin you make me see. [Therefore] destruction and violence are before me and strife and contention arise. As a result of which there is no justice."
notes
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