Main point summary
God's eternal purpose was bound up in a mystery, which was and is grace lavishing, because of the blood of the Messiah, Jesus, by the abounding riches of God's grace
Ephesians 1:7-10 ESV
7 q In him we have r redemption s through his blood, t the forgiveness of our trespasses, u according to the riches of his grace, 8 which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight 9 v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will, n according to his purpose, which he w set forth in Christ 10 as a plan for x the fullness of time, y to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth.
Ephesians 1:7-10 NA28
7 Ἐν ᾧ ἔχομεν τὴν ἀπολύτρωσιν διὰ τοῦ αἵματος αὐτοῦ, τὴν ἄφεσιν τῶν παραπτωμάτων, κατὰ τὸ πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ 8 ἧς ἐπερίσσευσεν εἰς ἡμᾶς, ἐν πάσῃ σοφίᾳ καὶ φρονήσει, 9 γνωρίσας ἡμῖν τὸ μυστήριον τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ, κατὰ τὴν εὐδοκίαν αὐτοῦ ἣν προέθετο ἐν αὐτῷ 10 εἰς οἰκονομίαν τοῦ πληρώματος τῶν καιρῶν, ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι τὰ πάντα ἐν τῷ Χριστῷ, τὰ ἐπὶ τοῖς οὐρανοῖς καὶ τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἐν αὐτῷ.
Ephesians 1:3-14 ESV
Spiritual Blessings in Christ 3 e Blessed be f the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in Christ with every spiritual blessing g in the heavenly places, 4 h even as he i chose us in him j before the foundation of the world, that we should be k holy and blameless before him. In love 5 l he predestined us 1 for m adoption as sons through Jesus Christ, n according to the purpose of his will, 6 o to the praise of his glorious grace, with which he has blessed us in p the Beloved. 7 q In him we have r redemption s through his blood, t the forgiveness of our trespasses, u according to the riches of his grace, 8 which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight 9 v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will, n according to his purpose, which he w set forth in Christ 10 as a plan for x the fullness of time, y to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. 11 In him we have obtained z an inheritance, a having been predestined b according to the purpose of him who works all things according to c the counsel of his will, 12 so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be d to the praise of his glory. 13 In him you also, when you heard e the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, f were sealed with the g promised Holy Spirit, 14 who is h the guarantee 1 of our i inheritance until j we acquire k possession of it, 2 l to the praise of his glory.
1. God had an eternal purpose (v. 9; προέθετ0) 2. This was accomplished in historical and calculable time (v. 7; namely, when Christ's blood was shed ) 3. This was done for the supreme exultation of the Christ (v. 10; ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι τὰ πάντα ἐν τῷ Χριστῷ) 4. This was done with a purpose: to lavish riches of grace on adopted sons and daughters (v. 5) who have redemption through Jesus's blood to the praise of Jesus's glory (see Eph 1:3, 7, 11; 1 Pet 1:4) 5. This was a mystery and Yahweh made it known to us at the fulfilling of the times (v. 9, 10; γνωρίσας ἡμῖν τὸ μυστήριον τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ ... πληρώματος τῶν καιρῶν)
q In him we have r redemption s through his blood,
Ἐν ᾧ ἔχομεν τὴν ἀπολύτρωσιν διὰ τοῦ αἵματος αὐτοῦ,
In him (our Lord Jesus Christ; v.3) we have redemption through his blood,
In him we have redemption through his blood,
t the forgiveness of our trespasses,
τὴν ἄφεσιν τῶν παραπτωμάτων,
This redemption is the forgiveness of our sins
the forgiveness of our trespasses,
u according to the riches of his grace,
κατὰ τὸ πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ
And we have this redemption, the forgiveness of our sins, both because of and according to the riches of his (Yahweh's) grace
according to the riches of his grace
which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight
ἧς ἐπερίσσευσεν εἰς ἡμᾶς, ἐν πάσῃ σοφίᾳ καὶ φρονήσει,
and these riches of grace, which he has lavished on us, these were lavished on us in all wisdom and insight
that he richly poured out on us with all wisdom and understanding.
v making known 1 to us the mystery of his will, according to his will,
γνωρίσας ἡμῖν τὸ μυστήριον τοῦ θελήματος αὐτοῦ κατὰ τὴν εὐδοκίαν αὐτοῦ
and he lavished all of the riches of his grace by revealing to us the mystery of his (Yahweh's) will and he did all of this according to his good pleasure
He made known to us the mystery of his will, according to his good pleasure
which he w set forth in Christ, as a plan for x the fullness of time,
ἣν προέθετο ἐν αὐτῷ εἰς οἰκονομίαν τοῦ πληρώματος τῶν καιρῶν,
and this mystery was purposed beforehand in him as a plan for the completion of the times,
that he purposed in Christ as a plan for the right time —
y to unite all things in him,
ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι τὰ πάντα ἐν τῷ Χριστῷ,
this plan for the completion of times which was proposed beforehand it to sum up all things in the Messiah,
to bring everything together in Christ,
things in heaven and things on earth.
τὰ ἐπὶ τοῖς οὐρανοῖς καὶ τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἐν αὐτῷ.
this plan for the completion of times which was intended beforehand is to sum up all things, that is all things in the heavens and on the earth in him.
both things in heaven and things on earth in him.
genitive direct object
Life is full of real-life problems. Does it ever seem like we can escape from the rising pile of to-do's, schedules, problems that need fixing, relationships that need mending, and money that needs making? No. Never. These weights are always piling on us. And for a Christian, this is a minute part of our lives. What about the others sinners, like us, who haven't heard about the free gift of grace? It also seems that there is the growing voice of rationalism everywhere. This is true often even in the church of the Lord Jesus. To speak of fairytales, great novels, fantasies and the like could draw many scoffs from those who live in the "real world". Many would consider the dreamer to be immature, irrational, and irresponsible. "This world has no time for dreamers. You will get sucked into the realities of real-life and debt and low-paying jobs and kids to take care of and bills to pay and exhaustion from working endless hours...then you'll learn what I'm talking about." Reality never stops, so there seems to be no room for a twinkle in the eye concerning what could be or why there is not. And reality is that the good guy doesn't always defeat the bad guy. Sometimes the dragon sits comfy in its castle for hundreds of years and takes thousands of victims with no hero. Some might even say that nothing happens in this world outside of its confines. We can't hope in help from any Other, for humanity is all we got. We are left to fix our own problems. These concerns are fuel to the fire, a fire that is reality-driven with supremely pragmatic ideologies. Given these things, there is no time for the childish antics of art, poetry, music-making, and storytelling. Who can argue with such claims? It is true, you know. Life is very hard. It requires endless amounts of hard work, and more often than not it takes away more than it gives. All of the evidence above (or, at least most) Christ-followers can affirm and agree heartily. But something inside of us clings onto a hope that these claims can't be the winner in the how-to-live-life game. Living can't just be equated to a mathematical equation, where we're all just trying to come out even. There's no way. We must open our eyes! Look around us! Watch the news! Look at the sky! Look at the birds dancing in the air! Watch the flowers bloom! Take a look at your own life! There is narrative in every inch of the world around us. Consider your own thoughts! Consider your dreams! Our brains can't help but create. To imagine! Why do you think this is? Why can't this part of the human make-up be snuffed out? What is the significance of our story-prone lives? Ephesians 1:7–10 tells us something extraordinary. We are players in a great mystery, one that is told by Yahweh. This mystery is solved in Jesus of Nazareth, who is the Christ. But this mystery is not just one told over a span of 30 years. This is one that has been intended since the beginnings of all things. God intended for this mystery to play out for thousands of years and to come to completion in Jesus Christ on a sinners cross at Golgotha. For centuries there were clues and hints which were given. These seemed minuscule at first, but once the missing piece came, they shone brightly as the sun. Jesus has been the intended answer to the mystery of God for all time, and we get to know him. It gets better. The intended goal of this mystery, which summed up all things in heaven and on earth (basically everything that has ever happened came to a solution through Jesus' blood), was done so that God could lavish on undeserving sinners the riches of his marvelous grace. This was done so that we might have an imperishable inheritance (1 Pet 1:4), all of the gifts that heaven has to offer (Eph 1:4), and this was all to the glory of the one in whose blood we have redemption, the Christ (Eph 1:7).