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George Luke
First-year seminary student at Bethlehem College and Seminary. An adopted son of God.
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Psalm 1
Psalms 1
Want to experience the fuel of the inner delight of Jesus? Meditate on the Word of God!
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#Delight
#TreeofLife
#WordofGod
Published April 4th, 2016
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Main point summary
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Main point summary
The man of God sits like a planted tree, drinking in God's Law, and bearing fruit. Because he is rooted, he's not like a tumble-weed being driven around by every wind of doctrine- a wicked reality!- but is instead a planet caught in the inescapable gravity of God's Word. The character of this delight in the Word is most truly shown through God's Son!
Notes
What's the structure of the Psalm? -1a is the main point -1b-3e is an expansion on what makes for a happy, blessed man: (negatively 1b-1d) not walking, standing or sitting in any path that could get you to sin (positively 3a-3e; expansion of 2a-2c) being like a tree rooted in the water of the law of Yahweh. The relationship between 3b-3d is remarkable: we are able to move along a good path (BDAG notes on 410 that this is not the literal sense of the word, rather we are "made prosperous"). However, I think that the author is moving back to the original metaphor in the series in v.1. It is in standing still and delighting in the Word of the Lord that we are led along a good path by God. We walk in abiding in the words of God (cf. John 15) The meditation on the Word is all the time (2c, cf. Josh 1:8) -4a-4c describes the un-rooted aimlessness of the wicked, being swept along as though they were lifeless chaff, chased by the wind of God's judgement. - The ultimate reason someone has a root is because God knows them (6a); without being known by God, it is impossible for anyone to stand in light of the sweeping wind of the judgement of God. We are lifeless chaff without life-giving resurrecting water given through the Word. - How does this relate to Jesus? The only man who has perfectly fulfilled this Psalm is Christ, and the only way we can rest in what this Psalm promises and even have the capacity to delight in this God and please Him (Romans 8:7-8) is if we've been pruned and cleaned by the Word (see John 15 , esp. compare the Gk. on "prune" and "clean").
Arc
editing
OT
Psalms 1:1-6
esv
mine
nasb
lxx
Blessed is the man 1 who a walks not in b the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in c the way of sinners, nor d sits in e the seat of f scoffers;
Blessed is the man-
How blessed is the man who a does not walk in the b counsel of the wicked, Nor stand in the 1 c path of sinners, Nor d sit in the seat of scoffers!
μακάριος ἀνήρ
the one walks not in the counsel of the wicked
ὃς οὐκ ἐπορεύθη ἐν βουλῇ ἀσεβῶν
nor stands in the path of sinners,
καὶ ἐν ὁδῷ ἁμαρτωλῶν οὐκ ἔστη
nor sits in the seat of pestilent persons.
καὶ ἐπὶ καθέδραν λοιμῶν οὐκ ἐκάθισεν
progression
but his g delight is in the law 1 of the Lord, and on his h law he meditates day and night.
Rather, his delight is in the law of the Lord,
But his a delight is b in the law of the Lord, And in His law he meditates c day and d night.
ἀλλ’ ἢ ἐν τῷ νόμῳ κυρίου τὸ θέλημα αὐτοῦ
even on it, he meditates
καὶ ἐν τῷ νόμῳ αὐτοῦ μελετήσει
day and night-
ἡμέρας καὶ νυκτός
temporal
ideaexplanation
He is like i a tree planted by j streams of water that yields its fruit in its season, and its k leaf does not wither. l In all that he does, he prospers.
and he is
He will be like a a tree firmly planted by 1 streams of water, Which yields its fruit in its season And its 2 leaf does not wither; And 3 in whatever he does, b he prospers.
καὶ ἔσται
like a tree planted along streams of water,
ὡς τὸ ξύλον τὸ πεφυτευμένον παρὰ τὰς διεξόδους τῶν ὑδάτων
comparison
one which yeilds its fruit in its season,
ὃ τὸν καρπὸν αὐτοῦ δώσει ἐν καιρῷ αὐτοῦ
and its leaf does not whither;
καὶ τὸ φύλλον αὐτοῦ οὐκ ἀπορρυήσεται
and in all that he does, he is put on a propserous path.
καὶ πάντα ὅσα ἂν ποιῇ κατευοδωθήσεται
negativepositive
The wicked are not so, but are like m chaff that the wind drives away.
The wicked are not so;
The wicked are not so, But they are like a chaff which the wind drives away.
οὐχ οὕτως οἱ ἀσεβεῖς
they are not thus
οὐχ οὕτως
but are as chaff which is thrown away, which the wind removes from the face of the earth.
ἀλλ’ ἢ ὡς ὁ χνοῦς ὃν ἐκριπτεῖ ὁ ἄνεμος ἀπὸ προσώπου τῆς γῆς
Therefore the wicked n will not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in o the congregation of the righteous;
Therefore, the wicked will not stand in the judgement,
Therefore a the wicked will not stand in the b judgment, Nor sinners in c the assembly of the righteous.
διὰ τοῦτο οὐκ ἀναστήσονται ἀσεβεῖς ἐν κρίσει
nor will sinners stand in the congregation of the righteous.
οὐδὲ ἁμαρτωλοὶ ἐν βουλῇ δικαίων
series
for the Lord p knows q the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.
Because the Lord knows the way of the righteous,
For the Lord 1 a knows the way of the righteous, But the way of b the wicked will perish.
ὅτι γινώσκει κύριος ὁδὸν δικαίων
and the way of the wicked will perish.
καὶ ὁδὸς ἀσεβῶν ἀπολεῖται
ground
inference
Shift in the metaphor back to v.1
discourse
Diagram
scripturetext
components
Psalms 1:1-6
subjectverb
ἀνήρ
solid
drop
equal
revrocket
line
pred
predicate
μακάριος
vsnum
Psalms 1:1
Psalms 1:2
Psalms 1:3
Psalms 1:5
rocketship
cword
ἀσεβεῖς
vertical
ἀναστήσονται
οὐκ
prepphrase
pstack
ἐν
κρίσει
ἁμαρτωλοὶ
ἐν
βουλῇ
δικαίων
οὐδὲ
ὃς
ἐπορεύθη
οὐκ
ἐν
βουλῇ
ἀσεβῶν
ἔστη
οὐκ
ἐν
ὁδῷ
ἁμαρτωλῶν
ἐκάθισεν
οὐκ
ἐπὶ
καθέδραν
λοιμῶν
καὶ
καὶ
smartline
dashed
free
ttext
linemid
τὸ
θέλημα
αὐτοῦ
ἐν
τῷ
νόμῳ
κυρίου
αὐτοῦ
μελετήσει
ἐν
τῷ
νόμῳ
ἡμέρας
νυκτός
καὶ
καὶ
ἔσται
τὸ
ξύλον
participle
πεφυτευμένον
παρὰ
τὰς
διεξόδους
τῶν
ὑδάτων
τὸ
ὡς
δώσει
directobject
τὸν
καρπὸν
αὐτοῦ
ἐν
καιρῷ
αὐτοῦ
τὸ
φύλλον
αὐτοῦ
ἀπορρυήσεται
οὐκ
πάντα
ποιῇ
κατευοδωθήσεται
ἂν
ὅσα
οἱ
ἀσεβεῖς
οὐχ
οὕτως
table
ἀλλ’
διὰ
τοῦτο
κύριος
ὁδὸς
ἀσεβῶν
γινώσκει
ὁδὸν
δικαίων
ἀπολεῖται
καὶ
ὅτι
ἀλλ’
ἄνεμος
ἐκριπτεῖ
ὃν
ἀπὸ
προσώπου
τῆς
γῆς
καὶ
καὶ
καὶ
οὐχ
οὕτως
χνοῦς
ὡς
bracket
Psalms 1:4
Psalms 1:6
diagram
Comments
George Luke
Hey brother. Thanks for being committed to understanding His Word! As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another! (Prov 27:17)

I chose a progression because I was looking at the semantics of movement and observed a poetic progression- the man who does not walk, who does not stand, who does not sit is a man whose actions, from moving to standing still to sitting down, all rebel against delight in the law of Yahweh and result in wicked actions. What he thinks is movement/progress in wickedness is really wandering in a sea of depravity, and the psalmist juxtaposes this with the still, productive, thirsty and satisfied fruit-bearing tree of the man who sits in the delight of the water of Yahweh's law. He isn't going back and forth in unproductive wickedness, but sitting still and abiding in the life of Yahweh in Jesus through the Word of God.
Adnan
Very good!  I like that explanation.  Thanks!
Adnan
Hi.  Thanks for sharing your arc of Psalm 1.  I recently arced this Psalm so I am interested to see your work.  Why did you choose a progression for verses 1b-1d?  I thought about it, but could not see a progression.   I would be interested in knowing your reasons.  Thanks, Adnan
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.