Author
Hugh
User since 2011
Hugh's proficiency badges
Hugh's published pages
God, please help me and my fellow believers love others more, so that our hearts will be blameless and holy before you.
1 Thessalonians 3:11-13
Central idea Faith is the assurance and conviction, which is based on evidence, of specific things that we cannot see.
Hebrews 11:1-3
Central Idea Since the law, through the sacrifices, is a shadow, it cannot make us perfect.
Hebrews 10:1-4
Explanations Verses 1-2 relate to verses 3-5 via a Ground.
Romans 9:1-5
Central Idea We have a great and merciful high priest.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
Central idea   Rely on Jesus because he perfectly fulfills the role of Moses   Summary Con...
Hebrews 3:1-6
Central Idea Full revelation has come through the glorious Son   Explanations I think that verses 2b-4 are all referring to the Son.
Hebrews 1:1-4
Central idea From now on, true worshippers are those who worship in spirit and truth, not those who worship on a mountain or in Jerusalem.
John 4:21-23
Main Idea This account fulfilled scripture; thus, it is told so that you may believe.
John 19:31-37
Main Idea Since we have a great savior (the Son) and a great and reliable salvation, we should pay a...
Hebrews 2:1-4
Central Idea Know that gifts come from God, and don't be deceived into thinking they come from somewhere else.
James 1:16-18
J
Hebrews 1:5-14
Central Idea : A new kind of priest means a new covenant (source of perfection)   Flow of Argum...
Hebrews 7:11-14
Main Idea Christ's sacrifice is eternal and it changes us.
Hebrews 10:11-18
Main Idea Jesus came and did away with sacrifices, sanctifiying us by obeying God's will, which was ...
Hebrews 10:5-10
Central Idea Since we have confidence to enter the holy places and we have a high priest, let us dra...
Hebrews 10:19-25
M
Hebrews 10:26-31
Central Idea Continue to endure suffering so that you may be saved   Outline Remember how when ...
Hebrews 10:32-39
Main Idea To please God, we must live by faith, by believing that he exists and that he rewards those who seek him.
Hebrews 11:4-7
Main Idea Abraham and Sarah's actions by faith, which were grounded in belief, led to great things.
Hebrews 11:8-12
Central Idea Faith saves people and also leads people to do great things   Insights Faith led t...
Hebrews 11:29-31
Central Idea Besides the famous people who lived by faith, there are many others who lived by faith and suffered.
Hebrews 11:32-38
Central Idea Since we are surrounded by such a great cloud of witness, let us run the race with endu...
Hebrews 12:1-2
Central idea A series of commands and reasons.
Hebrews 13:1-6
Main idea Through Jesus Christ, God works good things into us so that we will do his will.
Hebrews 13:20-21
Main idea If you lack wisdom, ask God in faith for it.
James 1:5-8
Central idea Closing thoughts.
Hebrews 13:22-25
Main idea Rejoice when you face trials, because they are good for you.
James 1:2-4
Central Idea Boast in God, not earthly circumstances (status).
James 1:9-11
Central Idea Remain steadfast under trial and temptation because temptation is dangerous.
James 1:12-15
Central Idea Be slow to speak, quick to hear, slow to anger by receiving the implanted word.
James 1:19-21
Central Idea Obey what you hear and be blessed.
James 1:22-25
Central Idea A truly religious person 1) bridles his tongue and does not deceive himself, 2) visits ...
James 1:26-27
Central Idea Don't show partiality.
James 2:1-7
Main idea: Do not show partiality so you don't sin and break the law.
James 2:8-13
Central Idea Love one another earnestly because of your imperishable rebirth.
1 Peter 1:22-25
Central Idea: Be holy because of the hope that you have.
1 Peter 1:13-21
C
1 Peter 2:1-3
Central Idea Refrain from sin and live a holy life among the Gentiles so that they will glorify God on the day of visitation (last day).
1 Peter 2:11-12
Central Idea Submit to every human institution.
1 Peter 2:13-17
Central Idea Servants: submit and endure suffering because Christ suffered.
1 Peter 2:18-25
Central Idea Wives, please God by being subject to your husbands.
1 Peter 3:1-6
Central Idea Husbands, live with understanding as you live with your wives.
1 Peter 3:7
view all (44 total)
1 Thess. 4:13-18
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
Encourage others with the implications of Jesus's resurrection.
#resurrection
#secondComing
#Jesus
Published July 6th, 2020
Author
Share / Groups / About Author
Main point summary
Meditations and Takeaways
Paraphrase and summary
Arc
Outline
Key Observations and Questions
Key observations and questions
Research
Next Steps
notes
Main point summary
As a consequence of Jesus’s resurrection, God will bring back to life believers who have died; in fact, when Jesus comes back these deceased believers will be drawn up to Jesus before those who are alive.
Meditations and Takeaways
Practical theology : Paul teaches them not just so that they can possess knowledge, but so that they would be comforted. His love for them really comes out in this passage. Remind each other : Paul expects that they will need reminding of this truth. So, he instructs them to “encourage each other” Ministry among the members of the church : Paul expects that the church members will minister to one another by “encouraging each other” How can I encourage? Who do I know that needs to be encouraged with the truth of the resurrection of believers? Perhaps older people in our church who are getting nearer to the end of their life? Or parents who have lost children? Or widows? How can I encourage them? I could encourage them directly by specifically mentioning this truth and how it applies to them. Or I can also try to listen to them and understand their grieving and see if I can find a way to gently and respectfully encourage them.
Paraphrase and summary
editing
NT
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
esv
mine
But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep,
As you are pursuing holiness and love , we also want you to know the truth about what will happen to Christians who have already died,
g that you may not grieve as others do h who have no hope.
so that you will not despair about them as if you didn’t have hope in Christ.
For i since we believe that Jesus died and rose again ,
In brief, the reason you don’t have to despair is that because Jesus, who also died, rose again,
even so , through Jesus, God will bring with him those who have fallen asleep .
in the same way , through this resurrected Jesus, God will also bring to life Christians who have already died.
For we declare to you, k by a word from the Lord, 1 that l we who are alive, who are left until m the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep .
To give you a longer explanation , which is based on teaching from the Lord Jesus himself, those of us believers who are alive when Jesus comes back, will actually be second in line to enter the kingdom behind believers who have already died.
For n the Lord himself will descend o from heaven p with a cry of command,
Here is what is going to happen : King Jesus will come down from his throne in heaven, shouting a command
with the voice of q an archangel,
coming from no ordinary voice, a voice that could only come from a chief angel,
and r with the sound of the trumpet of God.
along with the sound of the trumpet that signals the end of the age.
And s the dead in Christ will rise first.
Regarding believers who have died, they will actually be the first to be resurrected.
Then we who are alive, who are left, will be t caught up together with them u in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air,
Next , those of us who are alive at Christ’s second coming will be mysteriously pulled up to be with them in the clouds, resulting in a mid-air meeting with King Jesus,
and so v we will always be with the Lord.
and from that point onward we will forever be with our King.
Therefore encourage one another with these words.
Because you are now informed about the fate of unbelievers who have died, encourage other believers with this truth.
Main point is underlined Supporting points are italicized
ath-esv
discourse
Arc
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep,
g that you may not grieve as others do h who have no hope.
ground
For i since we believe that Jesus died and rose again ,
even so, through Jesus, God will bring with him j those who have fallen asleep .
inference
For this we declare to you k by a word from the Lord, 1 that l we who are alive, who are left until m the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep .
For n the Lord himself will descend o from heaven p with a cry of command, with the voice of q an archangel, and r with the sound of the trumpet of God .
And s the dead in Christ will rise first .
Then we who are alive, who are left, will be t caught up together with them u in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air,
and so v we will always be with the Lord.
progression
ideaexplanation
Therefore encourage one another with these words.
Main point is underlined Supporting points are italicized
Outline
OUTLINE OF 1 THESSALONIANS I. Opening 1:1 i. Greeting 1:1 II. Main Body 1:2-5:22 A. PAUL’S THANKFULNESS FOR THEM 1:2-3:13 1. Paul’s thankfulness for what God has done in them 1:2-2:16 i. Summary of his thankfulness for them 1:2-5a ii. The Thessalonians exemplary faith 1:5b-10 iii. Paul’s motivation for declaring the gospel 2:1-12 iv. The Thessalonians received the word of God despite suffering 2:13-16 2. Paul desires to come see them 2:17-3:13 i. Paul’s desire to see them 2:17-20 ii. Timothy’s report: the Thessalonians are continuing in the faith despite afflictions 3:1-10 iii. Prayer that concludes the first section and transitions to next section 3:11-13 B. INSTRUCTION AND TEACHING 4:1-5:22 1. Instruction about holiness and love 4:1-12 i. Instruction about holiness and purity 4:1-8 ii. Instruction about loving one another and working hard 4:9-12 2. Teaching about end times 4:13-5:11 i. Teaching about what happens to the dead when Christ comes back 4:13-18 ii. Teaching about the return of Jesus 5:1-11 3. Final instructions 5:12-22 i. Instructions about respecting the leaders of their church 5:12-13a ii. Instructions about how to treat others in their church 5:13b-22 III. Closing 5:23-28 i. Benediction 5:23-24 ii. Final words 5:25-28
Key Observations and Questions
1 Thessalonians 4:13-18
But we do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about those who are asleep, g that you may not grieve as others do h who have no hope.
For i since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so , through Jesus, God will bring with him j those who have fallen asleep.
For this we declare to you k by a word from the Lord, 1 that l we who are alive, who are left until m the coming of the Lord, will not precede those who have fallen asleep.
For n the Lord himself will descend o from heaven p with a cry of command, with the voice of q an archangel, and r with the sound of the trumpet of God. And s the dead in Christ will rise first.
Then we who are alive, who are left, will be t caught up together with them u in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so v we will always be with the Lord.
Therefore encourage one another with these words.
How did the author’s receive this “word from the Lord”?
Does this “him” refer to God or to Jesus?
Where is God bringing them to?
Who is Jesus giving this command to? What specifically does he command them to do?
In Daniel 7:13 it speaks of a Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven.
Will the Lord continue his descent (with believers at his side) to earth? Or does he take us back up to heaven?
See notes about “caught up in the air”
See notes about “trumpet”
Key observations and questions
Observations The “cry of command” (“shout of command” in NET) makes me think of John 11:43 when he “cried out with a loud voice,” commanding Lazarus to come out of the tomb (come out of the state of death he was in) Questions Why does Paul refer to death as “sleep”? Why were the Thessalonians uniformed? Was it because Paul didn’t have enough time to teach them this before he was driven out of town (Acts 17)? Was Paul addressing a particular issue in the Thessalonian church? Were there some grieving already (v.13)?
Research
Trumpet The trumpet is an image used often in the Bible. When God spoke from Mount Sinai in Exodus, there was a very loud trumpet blast (Exodus 19:16) The trumpet is used to announce major events such as war (i.e, as a battle cry (Joshua 6:5)) as well as to announce the presence of God (Isaiah 18:3) Psalm 47:5: “God has gone up with a shout, the Lord with a shout of a trumpet” In the prophets, the trumpet will be blown in the end times (Isaiah 27:13) Moving to the New Testament, Jesus says a trumpet will sound at his return (Matthew 24:31) Paul gives us more detail, explaining that the trumpet will sound at the resurrection of the righteous (1 Cor. 15:52) So, the author’s mention of a trumpet in verse 17 is part of the biblical storyline. What does “caught up” mean ? Pillar New Testament Commentary on 1 Thessalonians: This verb, which appears in a number of texts in the NT, means either to take someone by force or violence ( Matt. 11:12 ; 12:29 ; 13:19 ; John 6:15 ; 10:12 , 28–29 ; Acts 23:10 ; Jude 23 ), or to catch someone away to a celestial place ( Acts 8:39 ; 2 Cor. 12:2 , 4 ; Rev. 12:5 ).
Next Steps
To apply what I have learned, I plan to study Second Thessalonians, because my pastor is preaching through this book on Sunday mornings. I plan to start by reading through this book 5-10 times, including several times out loud. I will then make an outline of the book. Then I plan to do a Biblearc project for each paragraph or two, hopefully in advance of my pastor’s sermon on that paragraph. I plan to use the Mike’s Comprehensive Bible Study plan document to help me plan out when to study different sections. I am excited! I also plan to memorize this book during this season of studying it.
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.