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Hugh
Professor (first of Jesus, second of engineering). Husband and Father. Church member.
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Individual fasting should be a secret between you and God.
Matthew 6:16-18
How we pray reveals what we believe about God.
Matthew 6:5-15
You are a new person in Christ.
Colossians 3:1-4
Will we choose the fate of the righteous or the wicked?
Psalms 1
Don’t give in order to impress others.
Matthew 6:1-4
David puts his trust in God when he is in danger and we should also.
Psalms 56:1-4
Love your enemies
Matthew 5:43-47
God has everything and knows everything.
Romans 11:33-36
Members of God’s kingdom should hold on loosely to their honor, possessions, etc.
Matthew 5:38-42
God treasures Israel not because of their worth, but because he chose them.
Deuteronomy 7:1-11
Divorce causes adultery.
Luke 16:18
Marriage is a one-flesh union joined by God; thus, man shouldn’t break this union.
Mark 10:2-9
Marriage is a one-flesh union; breaking this union causes adultery.
Matthew 19:3-9
God provided the perfect solution to man’s lonliness.
Genesis 2:18-25
Marriage is a companionship and a covenant that should not be broken by unfaithfulness.
Faithfulness in Marriage
Beware against committing sins in your heart.
Matthew 5:27-30
Followers of Jesus should keep their word.
Matthew 5:33-37
Divorce does not dissolve the marriage bond (unless it is done on the grounds of sexual immorality).
Matthew 5:31-32
For what reason(s) do you worship God?
Psalms 100
Because God’s kingdom requires righteousness, Jesus fulfills the law.
Matthew 5:17-20
We are blessed to be a blessing.
Matthew 5:13-16
Citizens of God’s kingdom go through hard times but are blessed because they will receive the blessings of the kingdom.
Matthew 5:3-12
Praise Jesus for his healing!
Matthew 4:23-25
Are we exercising our gifts in love?
1 Corinthians 13
God will take away everything that is sad.
Revelation 21:1-8
Our future resurrection gives us the ability to persevere in our faith.
1 Corinthians 15:50-58
How to discern whether someone is from God.
1 John 4:1-6
Pursue wisdom with everything you have.
Proverbs 4:20-27
Trials are doing something good in you.
James 1:2-4
view all (30 total)
Anger
Matthew 5:21-26
God desires peace between humans
#anger
#peace
Published December 10th, 2020; Updated December 10th, 2020
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Main point summary
Because doing anything to denigrate the humanity of a person deserves God’s judgment, maintain peace between you and others by being quick to reconcile with others when they feel you have wronged them.
Arc
editing
NT
Matthew 5:21-26
esv
mine
y “You have heard that it was said to those of old,
“You have heard that the law given to our forefathers said,
z ‘You shall not murder;
‘You should not kill anyone for an unjust reason;
and whoever murders will be liable a to judgment.’
and whoever does so is subject to be brought to court and tried for their crime.’
progression
ideaexplanation
But I say to you
[But I declare to you that this command is not limited to homicide.] Rather, I declare to you the full meaning of this command:
that b everyone who is angry with his brother 1
everyone who is angry at his brother
will be liable a to judgment;
is subject to the one who can judge anger in the heart;
conditional
whoever insults 2 his brother
whoever calls his brother a name like “you empty-headed”
will be liable to the council;
will be subject to the judgment of the Jewish supreme court;
and whoever says,
and whoever says to his brother,
‘You fool!’
‘You are nothing more than a fool!’
will be liable to c the hell 3 of fire.
has enough guilt to be sent to hell.
concessive
d So if e you are offering your gift at the altar
[Given how serious it is when you get angry with a brother or offend a brother], if you are in the situation of having arrived at the temple after a long journey to make an offering
and there remember that your brother has something against you,
and at that moment you remember that you did something to wrong your brother (which made them angry with you),
locative
leave your gift there before the altar
leave your offering at the altar
and go.
and go make peace with your brother.
First be reconciled to your brother,
First, go make things right between you and your brother,
and then come and offer your gift.
and then come back to the altar and make your offering.
f Come to terms quickly with your accuser
Arrange an out-of-court settlement with someone suing you
while you are going with him to court,
while you are on your way to court
temporal
lest your accuser hand you over to the judge,
so that you don’t face legal consequences: the judge finding you guilty,
and the judge to the guard,
and then giving you to the warden,
and you be put in prison.
and the warden taking you to your cell.
Truly, I say to you, g you will never get out
I tell you a truthful thing: you will become free
until you have paid the last penny. 1
until you pay every penny of your fine. [There will be no parole.]
actionpurpose
series
inference
Credit to Blomberg, NAC
You have heard that murder deserves judgment
But I tell you that the true meaning of the command against murder is that any sort of ill will towards a brother deserves God’s judgment.
Even though you have understood the “not murder” command to refer only to homicide, I tell you that it actually prohibits doing anything that denigrates the humanity of your brother.
If your brother things you have wronged him, make an urgent effort to reconcile with him.
If you someone accuses you of a wrong, be quick to settle before you have to face the law.
Be quick to reconcile with someone when they feel you have wronged them, whether a brother or a non-believer.
discourse
Phrase
Matthew 5:21-26
The complete meaning of the command
The superficial meaning
“You have heard
that it was said
Content
to those
Destination
of old,
Attributive
‘You shall not murder;
and whoever murders will be liable
to judgment.’
The complete meaning
But I say
to you
who is angry
with his brother
Disadvantage
that everyone ... will be liable
Content #1
to judgment;
Reference
whoever insults his brother will be liable
Content #2
to the council;
and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable
Content #3
to the hell of fire.
Application: two examples of urgent reconciliation
Reconcile before offering a gift
So if you are offering your gift
Conditional
at the altar
Locative
and there remember
that your brother has something
against you,
leave your gift there
before the altar
and go.
First be reconciled
to your brother,
and then come and offer your gift.
Reconcile with those you have wronged
Come to terms quickly
with your accuser
while you are going
Temporal
with him
Accompaniment
to court,
lest your accuser hand you over
Purpose
to the judge,
and the judge
to the guard,
and you be put in prison.
Truly,
Manner
I say to you,
you will never get out
until you have paid the last penny.
phrasing
Markup
Matthew 5:21-26
Anger 21 y “You have heard that it was said to those of old, z ‘ You shall not murder ; and whoever murders will be liable a to judgment .’ 22 But I say to you that b everyone who is angry with his brother 1 will be liable a to judgment ; whoever insults 2 his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, ‘You fool!’ will be liable to c the hell 3 of fire. 23 d So if e you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24 leave your gift there before the altar and go. First be reconciled to your brother , and then come and offer your gift . 25 f Come to terms quickly with your accuser while you are going with him to court, lest your accuser hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the guard, and you be put in prison. 26 Truly, I say to you, g you will never get out until you have paid the last penny. 1
OT
Exodus 20:13
13 p “ You shall not murder . 1
Deuteronomy 5:17
17 j “‘ You shall not murder . 1
Matthew 19:18
18 He said to him, “Which ones?” And Jesus said, m “ You shall not murder , You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness,
Romans 13:9
9 For the commandments, y “You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder , You shall not steal, You shall not covet,” and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: z “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”
James 2:11
11 For he who said, l “Do not commit adultery,” also said, l “ Do not murder .” If you do not commit adultery but do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law.
Deuteronomy 16:18
Justice 18 “You shall appoint e judges and officers in all your towns that the Lord your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment .
Matthew 18:9
9 e And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into the f hell 1 of fire.
1 John 3:15
15 b Everyone who hates his brother is a murderer , and you know that c no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.
Mark 9:43
43 n And if your hand causes you to sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter life crippled than with two hands to go to o hell, 1 to p the unquenchable fire. 2
James 3:6
6 And i the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, j staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life, 1 and set on fire by hell. 2
Matthew 5:29
29 k If your right eye l causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. For it is better that you lose one of your members than that your whole body be thrown into m hell.
Matthew 6:15
15 s but if you do not forgive others their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Mark 11:25
25 And whenever r you stand praying, s forgive, t if you have anything against anyone, so that u your Father also who is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.” 1
Matthew 8:4
4 And Jesus said to him, g “See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, h show yourself to the priest and i offer the gift that Moses commanded, j for a proof to them.”
Matthew 23:18
18 And you say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by x the gift that is on the altar, he is bound by his oath.’
Matthew 18:34-35
34 j And in anger his master delivered him to the jailers, 1 k until he should pay all his debt. 35 l So also my heavenly Father will do to every one of you, if you do not forgive your brother m from your heart.”
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.