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Hugh
Professor (first of Jesus, second of engineering). Husband and Father. Church member.
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Oaths
Matthew 5:33-37
Followers of Jesus should keep their word.
#Jesus
Published December 14th, 2020; Updated January 19th, 2021
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Main point summary
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Phrase
Markup and cross-references
notes
Main point summary
Jesus: “You have heard that that you should keep your oaths to God. However, what God really requires of you is that you always keep your word, even if you didn’t make a fancy oath.”
Arc
editing
NT
Matthew 5:33-37
esv
mine
“Again h you have heard that it was said to those of old,
“You have also heard the command to
q ‘You shall not swear falsely,
‘not make false promises to God,
but r shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn.’
but do what you vow to God you are going to do.’
negativepositive
ideaexplanation
But I say to you,
However, I tell you the complete meaning of this command:
s Do not take an oath at all,
Do not take any oaths,
either by heaven,
not oaths made by heaven,
for t it is the throne of God,
because heaven is God’s and you don’t have authority over heaven,
ground
or by the earth,
or oaths made by earth,
for it is his footstool,
because the earth is God’s (and you don’t have authority over earth),
or by Jerusalem,
or oaths made by the city of Jerusalem,
for it is u the city of the great King.
because Jerusalem is God’s city (and you don’t have authority over it).
And do not take an oath by your head,
In fact, you shouldn’t even take an oath by your own head,
for you cannot make one hair white or black.
because you don’t have the authority to even make one hair on your black white or black.
series
generalspecific
Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’;
Rather, just say ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ when making promises;
v anything more than this comes from evil. 1
these fancy oaths you have been taking are evil.
concessive
You have heard that you should keep your oaths to God,
However, the true meaning of this command is that you should always keep your word even if it isn’t grounded in a fancy oath.
discourse
Phrase
Matthew 5:33-37
The superficial meaning
“Again
Manner
you have heard
Concessive
that it was said
Content
to those
Destination
of old,
‘You shall not swear falsely,
Negative
but shall perform ... what you have sworn.’
to the Lord
The complete meaning (with application)
Don’t: take an oath (with four examples)
But I say
to you,
Do not take an oath at all,
either by heaven,
Manner #1
for it is the throne
Ground
of God,
or by the earth,
Manner #2
for it is his footstool,
or by Jerusalem,
Manner #3
for it is the city
of the great King.
And do not take an oath
by your head,
Manner #4
for you cannot make one hair white
or black.
Do: keep your word
Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’
or ‘No’;
anything more than this comes
from evil.
Source
phrasing
Markup and cross-references
Matthew 5:33-37
Oaths 33 “Again h you have heard that it was said to those of old, q ‘You shall not swear falsely, but r shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn .’ 34 But I say to you, s Do not take an oath at all, either by heaven , for t it is the throne of God , 35 or by the earth , for it is his footstool , or by Jerusalem , for it is u the city of the great King . 36 And do not take an oath by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 Let what you say be simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; v anything more than this comes from evil. 1
OT
Numbers 30:2
2 g If a man vows a vow to the Lord , or h swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge , he shall not break his word. i He shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.
Deuteronomy 23:21-23
21 c “If you make a vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay fulfilling it, for the Lord your God will surely require it of you , and you will be guilty of sin. 22 But if you refrain from vowing , you will not be guilty of sin. 23 You shall be careful to do what has passed your lips, for you have voluntarily vowed to the Lord your God what you have promised with your mouth.
Leviticus 19:12
12 g You shall not swear by my name falsely, and so h profane the name of your God: I am the Lord .
Exodus 20:7
7 h “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
Deuteronomy 5:11
11 “‘You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
Matthew 23:22
22 And whoever swears by a heaven swears by b the throne of God and by c him who sits upon it.
James 5:12
12 But above all, my brothers, u do not swear , either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath , but let your “yes” be yes and your “no” be no, so that you may not fall under condemnation.
Ecclesiastes 5:4
4 When s you vow a vow to God, t do not delay paying it, for he has no pleasure in fools. u Pay what you vow .
Isaiah 66:1
The Humble and Contrite in Spirit 66 1 a Thus says the Lord : b “ Heaven is my throne , and the earth is my footstool ; what is the house that you would build for me, and what is the place of my rest?
Acts 7:49
49 b “‘ Heaven is my throne , c and the earth is my footstool . What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is the place of my rest?
Revelation 4:2
2 At once i I was in the Spirit, and behold, j a throne stood in heaven , with one seated on the throne.
Psalms 48:2
2 o beautiful in elevation, is p the joy of all the earth, Mount Zion, in the far north, q the city of the great King .
Revelation 21:5
5 And k he who was seated on the throne said, “Behold, I l am making all things new.” Also he said, “Write this down, for m these words are trustworthy and true.”
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