Jesus' authority as Son of Man
Mark 2:1-12
1.
Published June 1st, 2012
Author
Share / Groups / About Author
Disclaimer
Notes
Arc
notes
Disclaimer
This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587449 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2010-02-03 08:39:41
2010-02-12 04:48:43
1. Introduction (vv 1-2) Jesus' fame is still plaguing him, and as soon as he re-enters Capernaum (where he had previously healed the man with the unclean spirit (1:21-28) and Simon's mother-in-law (1:29-34)) he is mobbed by people eager to come and see him. He sets up shop in a house (possibly Simon's again), but this time Mark tells us that rather than healing the crowd, he was "preaching the word to them." (2:2c) On Jesus' previous visit, Mark made no mention of preaching in the town, only healing, so this visit clearly has a different emphasis for Jesus. 2. Jesus forgives the paralytic (vv 3-5) The men who bring their friend on a bed are undoubtedly acting in faith (2:5 - "Jesus saw their faith" ), but they are also acting out of love. The efforts they go to in order to get healing for their friend speaks of more than a simple desire to see a miracle - they genuinely wanted their friend to be well, and were prepared to go to any length to obtain healing for him. Though Jesus had healed all who came to him, we're told specifically that Jesus healed this man "When [he] saw their faith" - their faith in him being expressed through their love for their friend. If they hadn't truly believed that Jesus was capable of healing their friend, they presumably wouldn't have gone to the trouble of climbing the roof - one doesn't vandalise someone else's property unless they have very good reason to! Jesus doesn't actually administer healing to begin with; rather, he issues the slightly puzzling statement, "Son, your sins are forgiven." (2:5b) This wasn't what he'd come for, and it wasn't what his friends has just ripped apart the ceiling for - they wanted their friend to walk, not to be forgiven! In making this statement, Jesus is creating an opportunity to teach something greater about his authority than we already know. 3. Reaction to Jesus' statement (vv 6-12) 3a. The scribes dismiss Jesus (vv 6-7) Jesus' words provoked a slightly indignant response from some of the scribes who were in the audience. Quite rightly, they acknowledged that "[No-one] can forgive sins but God alone" , but because they do not fully understand the nature of the man before them, they dismiss him as a blasphemer. He cannot forgive sins, so their thinking goes, because he is not God. 3b. Jesus rebukes the scribes and demonstrates his power (vv 8-11) Jesus knows that the scribes are thinking about him, and confronts them (which must have seemed slightly odd to the rest of the crowd, seeing as they didn't know what the scribes were thinking!). The two questions he asks in verse 9 are quite important: it is much easier to say to a paralysed man, "Your sins are forgiven," because there is no way of checking to see whether his sins actually have been forgiven or not. You'll very quickly be found out to be a fraud if you tell someone to "take up your bed and walk" but your patient finds himself unable to do so. We know, thanks to Biblical hindsight, that Jesus did of course possess the authority to forgive this man's sins. That wouldn't have been apparent to his audience, however, and so to testify to that authority Jesus proceeds to physically heal the man: " 'But [so] that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins ' -- he said to the paralytic -- 'I say to you, rise, pick up your bed, and go home.' " (2:10-11) The physical healing that Jesus gives testifies to the spiritual healing which Jesus has blessed the man with. We are to look at this healing primarily as a display of Jesus' divine authority, not merely as an example of Jesus' compassion towards the sick. [[NB I know I haven't yet formally related verses 8 and 9; frankly, I'm not sure which relationships are most appropriate, so any help would be appreciated!]] 2c. The crowd respond to Jesus (v 12) Mark records that the crowd was "amazed" at this healing, just as they were after Jesus' first healing in Capernaum (1:27). The nature of their amazement is also the same: in 1:27, they are amazed because Jesus has shown "A new teaching with authority" , whilst in 2:12 they are amazed because "[They] never saw anything like this!" Jesus is amazing because what he is doing is radically different from the teaching and manner of the scribes. Note, however, an extra detail that Mark includes in this second account: the crowd "glorified God" after seeing this. This isn't mentioned in chapter 1. It's entirely possible that the people did praise God after all the other healings (in fact I'd say that it's quite probable that they did) but I believe that Mark specifically records this detail here to demonstrate that in healing this man, Jesus was demonstrating much more than his power to heal - he was demonstrating his authority as the Son of Man. He was quite clearly showing the crowd that he was God .
10000000024420 24420 Notes 2010-02-03 08:39:41 2010-02-12 04:48:43 1. Introduction (vv 1-2) Jesus' fame is still plaguing him, and as soon as he re-enters Capernaum (where he had previously healed the man with the unclean spirit (1:21-28) and Simon's mother-in-law (1:29-34)) he is mobbed by people eager to come and see him. He sets up shop in a house (possibly Simon's again), but this time Mark tells us that rather than healing the crowd, he was "preaching the word to them." (2:2c) On Jesus' previous visit, Mark made no mention of preaching in the town, only healing, so this visit clearly has a different emphasis for Jesus. 2. Jesus forgives the paralytic (vv 3-5) The men who bring their friend on a bed are undoubtedly acting in faith (2:5 - "Jesus saw their faith" ), but they are also acting out of love. The efforts they go to in order to get healing for their friend speaks of more than a simple desire to see a miracle - they genuinely wanted their friend to be well, and were prepared to go to any length to obtain healing for him. Though Jesus had healed all who came to him, we're told specifically that Jesus healed this man "When [he] saw their faith" - their faith in him being expressed through their love for their friend. If they hadn't truly believed that Jesus was capable of healing their friend, they presumably wouldn't have gone to the trouble of climbing the roof - one doesn't vandalise someone else's property unless they have very good reason to! Jesus doesn't actually administer healing to begin with; rather, he issues the slightly puzzling statement, "Son, your sins are forgiven." (2:5b) This wasn't what he'd come for, and it wasn't what his friends has just ripped apart the ceiling for - they wanted their friend to walk, not to be forgiven! In making this statement, Jesus is creating an opportunity to teach something greater about his authority than we already know. 3. Reaction to Jesus' statement (vv 6-12) 3a. The scribes dismiss Jesus (vv 6-7) Jesus' words provoked a slightly indignant response from some of the scribes who were in the audience. Quite rightly, they acknowledged that "[No-one] can forgive sins but God alone" , but because they do not fully understand the nature of the man before them, they dismiss him as a blasphemer. He cannot forgive sins, so their thinking goes, because he is not God. 3b. Jesus rebukes the scribes and demonstrates his power (vv 8-11) Jesus knows that the scribes are thinking about him, and confronts them (which must have seemed slightly odd to the rest of the crowd, seeing as they didn't know what the scribes were thinking!). The two questions he asks in verse 9 are quite important: it is much easier to say to a paralysed man, "Your sins are forgiven," because there is no way of checking to see whether his sins actually have been forgiven or not. You'll very quickly be found out to be a fraud if you tell someone to "take up your bed and walk" but your patient finds himself unable to do so. We know, thanks to Biblical hindsight, that Jesus did of course possess the authority to forgive this man's sins. That wouldn't have been apparent to his audience, however, and so to testify to that authority Jesus proceeds to physically heal the man: " 'But [so] that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins ' -- he said to the paralytic -- 'I say to you, rise, pick up your bed, and go home.' " (2:10-11) The physical healing that Jesus gives testifies to the spiritual healing which Jesus has blessed the man with. We are to look at this healing primarily as a display of Jesus' divine authority, not merely as an example of Jesus' compassion towards the sick. [[NB I know I haven't yet formally related verses 8 and 9; frankly, I'm not sure which relationships are most appropriate, so any help would be appreciated!]] 2c. The crowd respond to Jesus (v 12) Mark records that the crowd was "amazed" at this healing, just as they were after Jesus' first healing in Capernaum (1:27). The nature of their amazement is also the same: in 1:27, they are amazed because Jesus has shown "A new teaching with authority" , whilst in 2:12 they are amazed because "[They] never saw anything like this!" Jesus is amazing because what he is doing is radically different from the teaching and manner of the scribes. Note, however, an extra detail that Mark includes in this second account: the crowd "glorified God" after seeing this. This isn't mentioned in chapter 1. It's entirely possible that the people did praise God after all the other healings (in fact I'd say that it's quite probable that they did) but I believe that Mark specifically records this detail here to demonstrate that in healing this man, Jesus was demonstrating much more than his power to heal - he was demonstrating his authority as the Son of Man. He was quite clearly showing the crowd that he was God . notes
Arc
2010-02-03 08:39:41
2010-02-12 04:48:43
editing
Mark
Mark 2:1-12
NT
esv
And when he returned to Capernaum after some days,
it was reported that he was at home.
actionresult
And many were gathered together,
so that there was no more room, not even at the door.
And he was preaching the word to them.
And they came,
bringing to him a paralytic carried by four men.
actionmanner
And when they could not get near him because of the crowd,
they removed the roof above him,
and when they had made an opening,
they let down the bed on which the paralytic lay.
And when Jesus saw their faith,
he said to the paralytic, "Son, your sins are forgiven."
progression
Now some of the scribes were sitting there,
questioning in their hearts,
"Why does this man speak like that?
He is blaspheming!
Who can forgive sins but God alone?"
And immediately Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they thus questioned within themselves, said to them, "Why do you question these things in your hearts?
Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, 'Your sins are forgiven,'
or to say, 'Rise, take up your bed and walk'?
But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins"--
he said to the paralytic--
"I say to you,
rise,
pick up your bed,
and go home."
actionpurpose
And he rose
and immediately picked up his bed
and went out before them all,
so that they were all amazed
and glorified God,
saying, "We never saw anything like this!"
discourse
10000000024420 24420 Arc 2010-02-03 08:39:41 2010-02-12 04:48:43 editing Mark 2 1 2 12 Mark 2:1-12 41 NT esv i456371 i456372 i456373 i456338 And when he returned to Capernaum after some days, i456339 it was reported that he was at home. actionresult 2 i456374 i456340 And many were gathered together, i456341 so that there was no more room, not even at the door. actionresult 2 actionresult 2 i456342 And he was preaching the word to them. i456375 i456376 i456377 i456343 And they came, i456344 bringing to him a paralytic carried by four men. actionmanner 1 i456378 i456379 i456345 And when they could not get near him because of the crowd, i456346 they removed the roof above him, i456347 and when they had made an opening, i456348 they let down the bed on which the paralytic lay. i456380 i456349 And when Jesus saw their faith, i456350 he said to the paralytic, "Son, your sins are forgiven." actionresult 2 actionresult 2 progression i456381 i456382 i456351 Now some of the scribes were sitting there, i456352 questioning in their hearts, i456353 "Why does this man speak like that? i456354 He is blaspheming! i456355 Who can forgive sins but God alone?" i456383 i456384 i456356 And immediately Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they thus questioned within themselves, said to them, "Why do you question these things in your hearts? i456385 i456357 Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, 'Your sins are forgiven,' i456358 or to say, 'Rise, take up your bed and walk'? i456386 i456359 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins"-- i456387 i456360 he said to the paralytic-- i456361 "I say to you, i456362 rise, i456363 pick up your bed, i456364 and go home." actionpurpose 2 1 i456388 i456389 i456365 And he rose i456366 and immediately picked up his bed i456367 and went out before them all, i456390 i456368 so that they were all amazed i456391 i456369 and glorified God, i456370 saying, "We never saw anything like this!" actionmanner 1 progression actionresult 2 actionresult 2 actionresult 2 actionresult 2 1 1 1 esv 25 a 50 discourse
Comments
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.