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Student at Southern Baptist Theological, Ministry intern at South Juniata Baptist Church.
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Forgiveness drives Love
Luke 7:36-50
What sort of man is this, who can take away sin and prduce great love?
Published December 13th, 2018
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Commentary notes
Luke 7:36-50
Someone, a pharisee ask [Jesus] (to) eat with him, he went into the house of the pharisee and recline at dinner.
And behold a woman who was a sinner in the city, and learning that he was dinning in the house of the pharisee, she brought a vase of perfume
and she stood behind his feet weeping tears, she began to (wash) his feet and the hair on his head. she wiped and kiss his feet and anointed [them] with perfume.
But behold the pharisee who called him [out] speaking of him says:if he is a prophet he would know what sort of woman who touched him that she is a sinner.
And answering Jesus says to him; Simon, I have something to say to you and he says, teacher say it.
"Two debtors went to a creditor; one owes five hundred denarius, the other fifty.
But he shows them both favor, giving them back their [money], who of them then loves him more?
Answering, Simon says, I suppose whom greater has been canceled. (Jesus) said to him you judge rightly.
Jesus spoke about the woman to Simon saying; do you see that woman? I went into your house and you did not offer me water for my feet; but she with her tear washed my feet and dried my hair.
You did not give me a kiss, but she who came away from [here] will no stop kissing my feet.
You did not anoint my head with Olive oil, but she anointed my feet with perfume.
On account of that I say to you, her many sins have been forgiven, since she loved much; but the one who is forgiven a little loves a little.
And he said to her, your sins have been forgiven.
And the one he was eating with began to speaking among themselves; who is this man who takes sins away?
but he said to the woman; you faith has saved you, go in peace.
The Pharisee wants to analyze Jesus claim of a prophet up close (v.36) The Pharisee cannot accept two things. 1, a sinner is worshiping, 2, Jesus is the object of the worship (v.38-39) ἁμαρτωλός - not conforming to tradition (in this case Jewish). She is irreligious Jesus has allowed a willful lawbreaker to give him praise (v.38-39). This is a problem for the Pharisee and rightly so. The Pharisee concludes Jesus is not a prophet (v.39) Simon the apostle or Simon is the name of the Pharisee? (v.40) the story is meant to contrast the Pharisee and the sinful woman (v.41-42) The woman, not Simon understood who Jesus was and what he rightly deserved. (v.44-45) Simon invites Jesus to investigate his prophetic claims but Jesus pronounces himself as Lord
Jesus has preached the sermon of the mount (Luke 6) He has healed people (Luke 7:1-9) Raised someone from the dead (Luke 7:11-17) He has done many miracles (Luke 7:21) People began to identify Jesus as a prophet (Luke 7:16-17) John the Baptist wonders if Jesus is the one (Luke 7:18-23) Is John the Baptist already in prison? Why doesn't he come to Christ himself? who is speaking in Luke 7:29-30? Jesus claims he is the one promised by John the Baptist (Luke 7:18-30) Jesus clearly rebukes those who reject John Baptist and himself (Luke 7:30-35). This necessitates the Pharisee to explore the claims of Jesus.
Simon, the Pharisee He is a Pharisee (v.36, 40) Invites Jesus for dinner (v.36). Why? He wants to know if Jesus is a prophet. As the story develops he does not believe Jesus is a prophet (v.39) He does see Jesus as a teacher (v.40) He does not wash Jesus' feet or anoint his head. He doesn't believe he has to. The woman who is a sinner A sinner (irreligious, willful lawbreaker) in the city. She must have seen and heard about Jesus She washes Jesus feet with her tears and perfume Jesus forgives her many sins because she loves Jesus much. She has faith, saving faith Jesus Went to dinner at the house of Simon the Pharisee feet are washed by the woman who was a sinner Rebukes Simon for him thinking what Just happened is wrong Declare himself worthy of feet washing and head anointing Forgives the woman of her sins οἱ συνανακείμενοι Probably other Pharisees Astounded by Jesus' claim of forgiveness Understood it as a claim of divinity.
Conflict Simon invites Jesus to his house to examine his claims of being a prophet. Instead, he observes as Jesus lets a sinner touch him and wash his feet. Crisis Jesus says that it is good for her to do that. Jesus rebukes Simon for not being like the woman. Climax Jesus forgives the woman of her sins because of her love for him. Resolution The dinner guests are astounded, as the woman go away in peace having experienced saving faith. Covenantal level The woman was a willful lawbreaker outside of the Jewish community. She recognizes who Jesus is and repents bu adoring Jesus at his feet. Jesus identifies himself as the promised king of David by asserting that his feet need to be washed and his head anointed. Where in the OT that talks about this? Canonical level Jesus can forgive sinners because he will pay their sacrifice. The woman experiences saving faith. Her saving faith leads to adoration of Jesus.
Commentary notes
Leon Morris -Different story than Matt. 26:6–13; Mark 14:3–9; John 12:1–8 -Luke here is concerned with love and forgiveness -The woman was probably a prostitute. -"[Her] love ... was the consequence, not the cause, of her salvation." Robert Stein -"In the context of chap. 7, Luke included this passage primarily due to its Christological content." This text ultimately speaks about the divinity of Jesus. -"this woman's sinfulness involved moral not ceremonial matters" -"The Pharisee assumed that Jesus was not a prophet because of two false presuppositions: (1) a true prophet would not allow a sinful woman to do this (note the scandal of Jesus' behavior in 7:34), or (2) Jesus did not know that this was a sinful woman and thus was not a prophet." -"Jesus is understood as exercising a divine prerogative and personally announcing, as in 5:20-21, that the woman's sins were forgiven." Joel Green -Hence is not a correct translation of οτι -No temporal marker to the preceding story
Topic: Forgiveness Theme: Great forgiveness demands great love Propositions Great love of Jesus is recognizing who he is and treating him accordingly Great love for Jesus produces forgiveness Redemptive focus: Jesus is able to forgive all sins and produce great love Outline Loving Jesus is treating him according to who he says he is. (v.36-46 Loving Jesus produces forgiveness (v.47-48) Jesus made a way for us to love him (v.49-50)
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.