Drawn and Given: The Basis for Security
John 6:41-51
Logic Gives Assurance
#assurance
#sovereignty
Published August 25th, 2018; Updated August 30th, 2018
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Main point summary
Jesus answers his unbelieving protestors' question by saying that He came down as Bread to give life to those who partake. They come and partake because they are drawn. They are drawn because they are given. They are given in order to secure their final salvation.
Notes
Answering the Unbelieving Protesters Jesus' opponents resisted the idea that He "came down from Heaven". They acknowledged His true humanity, by stating that they knew His parents (Jn 6:42), and therefore necessarily, at least in their minds, they also rejected His divinity. They saw no possibility that Jesus could be both God and man. This idea is at the root of many such conflicts concerning Jesus' divine nature (cf Jn 5:18, Jn 10:33, Jn 8:57-59, Mt 26:63-66). Stop Grumbling! In response to these protesters, Jesus begins His argumentation by adding another layer to the basis for the eternal security of the believer. The Father has given a certain people to the Son and those people he also draws to the Son. It is interesting to note that Jesus' answer to their denial of His divine nature is to point to the Sovereignty of God in the work of salvation both in its accomplishment (giving himself "for the life of the world") and its application (drawing them to come/see/ & believe and raising them up to life). As if to say, only one who has "come down from Heaven" could explain realities of such "secret and hidden wisdom" (1 Cor. 2:7-8), which rulers misunderstood, prophets carefully inquired of, and angels longed to look into (1 Pt 1:10-12). These are aspects which are underneath the surface, things only God could know. It is an authoritative commentary on the reasons behind both the rejection of Jesus by some and the saving trust in Him by others. Specifically, that those who are given, are drawn, and only they both see Him as He is, and believe in Him (treasuring Him as utterly worthy of their continual and total trust) resulting in their present possession of eternal life and the assurance of their final salvation. Such a logically air-tight argument of the certain eternal destinies of a certain people gives credence to the divine origin and authority of the Teacher and His teaching. The only suitable response ought to be a stopping up of every protest, similar to how the ultimate authority of, and the universal condemnation from, the law stops the mouth (Rom 3:19)! Some rebuttal-prohibiting logical considerations: Because it is true that... Jesus came down to do (Jn 6:38) only (Jn 5:30) the Father's will (which He always does Jn 8:29) and It is the Father's will to give life (in Jesus) to (and only to) the given ones - the believing ones- (Jn 6:37-40, Jn 6:39-40) and no one comes on their own initiative (Jn 6:44) and all who are given come (Jn 6:37) and all of those who come are drawn, (Jn 6:44) and coming/being drawn results in salvation (Jn 6:44) and all of those who are drawn are raised up (Jn 6:44) Therefore it necessarily follows that: the drawn ones and the ones who come are the exact same group with NO EXCEPTIONS, and they all receive final salvation, with NO EXCEPTIONS Thus Saith the LORD: It is written in the Prophets... Jesus includes in his argumentation the fact that Scripture has spoken (Is 54:13) of a time when people would be taught by God (Yahweh, the LORD Himself). I understand this to mean, directly by God, either by Christ Himself, or the Spirit of Christ (1 Cor 2:13, 1 Jn 2:20 ), which is a New Covenant reality (Ezek. 36:26-28). Therefore, his application of this text to His current situation (Jn 6:45) ought to be suggestive of the presence of Teaching which itself "came down from Heaven". Therefore, to hear and understand the Word from the Father (cf. Jn 1:1-2, 1:14, 1:18), is "to come to Jesus, (who alone 'has seen the Father' " i.e. to be taught by God Himself (cf. 1 Thess 4:9 ). Let this too then be added to the mountain of evidence for the Divinity of Christ. To come to Him is to be "Taught by God (Yahweh)". Pay Attention to this Inference: The attention-getter ("Truly, truly I say to you" Jn 6:47) is employed to focus the listener on the inference which follows. Particularly that those who believe have life because they partake (Jn 6:50) of the Bread of Life from Heaven. Jesus adds the word "eat" to the group of terms used to define actions involved in saving faith such as look/see/come & believe. To "eat" or "partake" is to have your need for sustenance and the desire for it satiated or satisfied. Nevertheless, because of the infinite nature of the source, we possess a corresponding continuance of desire for and need for satisfaction. Hence the Psalmist asks (Ps 90:14) to be satisfied (again) "in the morning" with the "steadfast love" of the LORD for the purpose of being glad "all of our days" (each day). This implies an ongoing need and desire with respect to the enduring reality - steadfastness of- the LORD's love. The Bread of Life came down in order to give life to "all who the Father gives to the Son". They will partake of Him and be satisfied. This -eat to live forever- imagery harkens back to the garden where there was a Tree of Life, and the one who "eats" it will "live forever" ( Gen 3:22-23 ). Thus we see here a glimpse into the beginning of the restoration of mankind. It is, therefore, a reminder of the protevangelion -the first gospel- appearance in Scripture (Gen 3:15). The one whose father and mother they knew (Jn 6:42), the man Jesus (1 Tim 2:5), born of a woman (Mary Gal 4:4), i.e. one of her (Eve) offspring, has come to destroy the one who has power over death, the devil (the seed of the serpent Gen 3:15) and deliver us from the fear of it (Heb 2:14-15). Death will not only lose its sting but be "swallowed up in victory" (1 Cor 15:54-55). The Life he gives brings us "from death to life" ( Jn 5:24 , Eph 2:4-5 ). The Gospel in a Preposition What is implied by (ὑπέρ) -for the sake of- the life of" the world (Jn 6:51)? And what is the relationship between the giving "for" and the Bread which he calls "my flesh"? For Christ, who has Life in Himself, to give it "for the sake of", or "on behalf of" the "life of the world" implies that people in the world are in need of that life, i.e. the world is dead. (Eph 2.1-2) because of sin. For Jesus to have Life in Himself (Jn 5:26) requires that He has no sin because the wage of sin is death (Rom 6:23 ), and the soul who sins shall die (Ezek. 18:4). Yet says He will "give" his "flesh" as Bread (to be broken cf. 1 Cor 11:24) "on behalf of" those who are dead in "the world". There is clear Gospel substitutionary imagery here. And if substitution, then who in this world receives this benefit? Who's in "the world"? The "world" (v. 51), cannot mean every single individual who ever lived, because the giving of the bread is (ὑπέρ) -for the sake of- the life of" the world. In other words, "the world's life" is the benefactor of the giving of the Bread. And in this context, the benefit is that those who"eat" it have life i.e. "will not die" (final salvation). This same benefit is said to be given those who are given/drawn/come/see & believe. Jn 6:39,40,44,47, The only ones who come/see & believe are the ones given by the Father and drawn by the Father, and every single one of them inherits final salvation, he is "raised up at the last day". To state it in the same terms, they have life. So these generally broad terms such as "anyone" (v. 51), "whoever" (v.47), "everyone" (v. 45) "all" (v. 45), and "the world" (v. 51) must be understood as contextually limited to only include those given and drawn i.e. the recipients of final salvation on the last day. In other words, if anyone in the world is truly believing, it shows that he is among those who have been given and that he has been drawn to come to Jesus, and that he has life, and he will be finally saved. Of course, this is no meager group, but rather an innumerable multitude from every nation, tribe, language, and people from all over the world (Rev. 7:9)! To conclude then, the extent of the group called "the world" (although a vast inheritance of sons and daughters!) here cannot logically be any broader of a group than that which is made up of those who are given by the Father, drawn by the Father, come to Son (believing), have life and therefore have certainty of final salvation. Salvation belongs to the LORD!
Main point summary
Jesus answers his unbelieving protestors' question by saying that He came down as Bread to give life to those who partake. They come and partake because they are drawn. They are drawn because they are given. They are given in order to secure their final salvation.
Discourse
NT
John 6:41-51
esv
mine
So the Jews grumbled about him,
(In response to Jesus' previous statements), the Jews protested...
because he said, m “I am the bread that came down from heaven.”
because he said "I am the Bread that came down from heaven."
ground
They said,
Specifically , they questioned...
n “Is not this Jesus, o the son of Joseph, whose father and mother p we know?
Isn't Jesus just a ordinary man ?
How does he now say, ‘I have come down from heaven’?”
How then could an ordinary man say he has "come down from Heaven ? "
conditional
ideaexplanation
Jesus answered them,
Jesus answered their question saying...
“Do not grumble among yourselves.
Stop your protesting, which comes from your collective unbelief (remember what I said before)
No one can come to me
Because no one is able to come to me
unless the Father who sent me q draws him.
if they are not drawn by the Father who sent me,
And r I will raise him up on the last day.
which results in their final salvation.
actionresult
It is written in the Prophets,
For Instance: the Prophets wrote:
s ‘And they will all be t taught by God.’
"they will all be taught by God"
u Everyone who has heard
Therefore , all who have both heard,
and learned from the Father
and understood the Father's Word (specifically the Prophets sited)
progression
comes to me—
will come to me (be taught by God) as a result
v not that anyone has seen the Father
however , I'm not saying anyone has seen the Father,
except w he who is from God;
except he who came from God;
he x has seen the Father.
I am saying he has seen the Father
locative
negativepositive
concessive
inference
Truly, truly, I say to you,
Therefore , pay attention to this truth :
y whoever believes has eternal life.
believing ones have life
z I am the bread of life.
because , I am what you need to live
a Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness,
For instance , although your ancestors ate the food they needed in the wilderness
and b they died.
they still died.
c This is the bread that comes down from heaven,
Nevertheless , this is real sustenance that comes down Heaven,
so that one may eat of it
for the purpose that the drawn one may partake of it
d and not die.
which results in eternal life.
actionpurpose
I am the living bread e that came down from heaven.
More specifically : I am that life-giving nourishment from Heaven.
If anyone eats of this bread,
Therefore if one partakes of me,
he will live forever.
then , he will have eternal life.
And the bread that I will give
Furthermore: the nourishment I provide
f for the life of the world
on behalf of the life of the world
is g my flesh.”
is myself.
bilateral
questionanswer
Q: How can an ordinary man say he came down from Heaven?
A: Don't protest in your unbelief, because I already told you that ... I came down to... - do only the Father's will, - give life to the given ones (the world Jn 6:51) - and if 0nly to them, it logically follows that the Father would only draw the given ones to me. Because ... - No one comes on their own initiative Jn 6:44 - all who are given come Jn 6:37 - all of those who come are drawn, Jn 6:44 and - all of those who are drawn are raised up. Jn 6:44 Therefore it necessarily follows that... the drawn ones and the ones who come are the exact same group, with NO EXCEPTIONS, and they all receive final salvation, with NO EXCEPTIONS
The Prophets wrote of a people who would be taught by God Himself. Therefore, to hear and understand the Word of the Father is to be taught by God i.e. to "come to Jesus".
Because coming/being drawn results in final salvation which is the purpose for which He came down (to raise them up) Jn 6:38-40
All who've both heard and learned from the Father come to Jesus (who alone has seen the Father). Thus they are the ones prophesied about who are "taught by God"
Therefore, we can infer this truth: Those who believe have life because they partake of the Bread of Life from Heaven.
The "world" (v. 51), cannot mean every single individual who ever lived, because the giving of the bread is (ὑπέρ) -for the sake of- the life of" the world. In other words, "life of the world" is the benefactor of that bread. And in this context, the benefit is that those who"eat" it have life i.e. "will not die" (final salvation). ' This same benefit is said to be given those who are given/drawn/come/see & believe. Jn 6:39,40,44,47, The only ones who come/see & believe are the ones given by the Father and drawn by the Father, and every single one of them inherits final salvation, he is "raised up at the last day". To state it in the same terms, they have life. So the broad terms such as "anyone" (v. 51), "whoever" (v.47), "everyone" (v. 45) "all" (v. 45), and "the world" (v. 51) must be understood as contextually limited to only include those given and drawn i.e. the recipients of final salvation on the last day. In other words, if anyone in the world is truly believing, it shows that he is among those who have been given and that he has been drawn to come to Jesus, and that he has life, and will be finally saved. To conclude then, the extent of the group called "the world" here cannot logically be any broader of a group than that which is made up of those who are given by the Father, drawn by the Father, come to Son (believing), have life and therefore have certainty of final salvation.
To "eat" (be satiated, satisfied) the living bread is equated with coming/seeing & believing. The Bread of Life was given for "all who the Father gives to the Son" who will come, will remain, will not be lost, will have final salvation.
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