2 Timothy 2:8-13
Remember Jesus Christ,
Oh my soul, keep always Jesus Christ in mind
risen from the dead,
He who had the final victory by raising from the dead
the offspring of David,
who from before the foundation of the earth, was to be the far Greater descendant of King David
as preached in my gospel,
This is the Jesus Christ who Paul has preached nearly 2,000 years ago, in a place halfway around the world
for which I am suffering,
This Paul who submitted to suffering for this gospel
bound with chains
His suffering, o my soul, was to be incarcerated
as a criminal.
as one considered in this fallen world as a law-breaker
But the word of God is not bound!
But take heart, o my soul, that this Paul was encouraged that this gospel, this Word of God could not be incarcerated
Therefore I endure everything
So my soul, this Paul put up with many sufferings
for the sake of the elect,
he did so for the sake of those whom God has predestined, called, justified, and will glorify (Rom 8:30)
that they also may obtain the salvation
that they may get this full, complete, true salvation
that is in Christ Jesus
this salvation that is to be had through Christ Jesus
with eternal glory.
this salvation that is with eternal glory.
So my soul, by extension, from the spread of this gospel, this Word from place to place, generation to generation, Jesus Christ, Paul and many disciples after brought this gospel finally to you, in 1976, in Singapore through a mission school
The saying is trustworthy, for:
There is a saying that was circulated during Paul's time, while not having the authority of Scripture, nonetheless is true
If we have died with him,
oh my soul, if you have died with Christ, died to your old self, to your sins
we will also live with him;
you, my soul, will live with Him
if we endure,
If you, my soul, will endure as Jesus did, as Paul did, as Peter did, as all other true disciples of Christ have done
we will also reign with him;
you, and all in the Kingdom of Christ will reign with Him. Isn't that amazing, my soul? Isn't that worth all the present temporary sufferings?
if we deny him,
But if you deny Christ, by word or by deed, by thought or in your heart, if you were not true to Him in your mind, and also in your heart, being a believer affectionally, and intellectually
he also will deny us;
then Christ, being faithful ultimately to Himself, will also deny you, o my soul. Take heed. It is not just a threat that you are to follow Him or else. But just as God is true to all the promises for you to believe and act and live on them by faith, so He is true that He will never deny Himself, by not dealing with your denial and rejection of Him rightly
if we are faithless,
and if you have no faith in Him, you do not believe Him or His Word, or live by faith in this world upon Him
he remains faithful—
He will remain faithful and true and value Himself and His glory rightly above all else, above you and your unbelief
for he cannot deny himself.
For God cannot de-God Himself. That, my soul, would be a very contradiction of His very being. That can never happen. If it could, which it could never, it would be the undoing of the entire Godhood, and then, all life will cease to have any meaning, for God will cease to be God. Oh my soul, take comfort, that if you have indeed been predestined, you are called and justified, you will be glorified. Christ engages the battle with you by praying for you, as He did for Peter. And you are also to engage in the battle as Paul did, seeking to exhort those in the kingdom to stand firm in the faith. There is no contradiction between God's election and your effort. Both are to occur, o my soul. But take heart, your certain victory is not upon you and your efforts, but upon God. Your efforts will be blessed and joined to His, like the boy with the loaves and fish. What you offer may be little, but God asks you to offer it nonetheless.
2 Timothy 2:8-13
Μνημόνευε Ἰησοῦν Χριστὸν
Remember Jesus Christ,
ἐγηγερμένον ἐκ νεκρῶν,
raised from the dead,
ἐκ σπέρματος Δαυίδ,
a descendant of David;
κατὰ τὸ εὐαγγέλιόν μου, ἐν ᾧ
such is my gospel, for which
Goal of Acion in 2:9 - 2:10
I suffer hardship
Action of warfare. Contrast from 2:9b and c with 2:9 d
to the point of imprisonment
as a criminal,
ἀλλʼ ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ οὐ δέδεται•
but God’s message is not imprisoned!
διὰ τοῦτο πάντα ὑπομένω
So I endure all things
διὰ τοὺς ἐκλεκτούς,
for the sake of those chosen by God,
Purpose of 2:10a
The Full Salvation
ἵνα καὶ αὐτοὶ σωτηρίας τύχωσιν τῆς
that they too may obtain salvation
ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ
in Christ Jesus
Describing the salvation
μετὰ δόξης αἰωνίου.
and its eternal glory.
πιστὸς ὁ λόγος•
This saying is trustworthy:
Content of 2:11a
εἰ γὰρ συναπεθάνομεν,
If we died with him,
we will also live with him.
If we endure,
we will also reign with him.
If we deny him,
κἀκεῖνος ἀρνήσεται ἡμᾶς•
he will also deny us.
If we are unfaithful,
ἐκεῖνος πιστὸς μένει, ἀρνήσασθαι
he remains faithful,
γὰρ ἑαυτὸν οὐ δύναται.
since he cannot deny himself.
Ground of 2:11 - 2:13
Μνημόνευε Ἰησοῦν Χριστὸν ἐγηγερμένον ἐκ νεκρῶν, ἐκ σπέρματος Δαυίδ, κατὰ τὸ εὐαγγέλιόν μου,
ἐν ᾧ κακοπαθῶ μέχρι δεσμῶν ὡς κακοῦργος, ἀλλʼ ὁ λόγος τοῦ θεοῦ οὐ δέδεται•
διὰ τοῦτο πάντα ὑπομένω διὰ τοὺς ἐκλεκτούς, ἵνα καὶ αὐτοὶ σωτηρίας τύχωσιν τῆς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ μετὰ δόξης αἰωνίου.
πιστὸς ὁ λόγος• εἰ γὰρ συναπεθάνομεν, καὶ συζήσομεν•
εἰ ὑπομένομεν, καὶ συμβασιλεύσομεν• εἰ ἀρνησόμεθα, κἀκεῖνος ἀρνήσεται ἡμᾶς•
εἰ ἀπιστοῦμεν, ἐκεῖνος πιστὸς μένει, ἀρνήσασθαι γὰρ ἑαυτὸν οὐ δύναται.
Takeaway "Eternal security of salvation is a community project" - Dr Piper God's promises and election for salvation includes effort by us and God to continue to fight a war that will be won. Application To expect battle, hardship, war, and to continue to engage in these, and persevere and endure these, knowing Christ joins me in prayer, as He did for Peter To exhort one another, building up each other in the household of faith, those who have come to Christ. For this is part of how to engage in the warfare. Dr Piper's Questions 1. When Paul says he would do anything, “that they may also obtain salvation” ( 2 Timothy 2: 10 ), what does he mean? Is this salvation conversion (initial salvation) or glorification (final salvation)? How would you argue for your answer from 2 Timothy 2:8–13 ? Paul means that this salvation refers to the final salvation. This is so because of: v.10 "...that they also may obtain salvation that is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory". Eternal glory would likely refer to the kind of salvation with everlasting, continuing, eternal glory. This suggests not the initial appearance of salvation but the appearing of salvation that is tied overtly to the glory that will be revealed v. 11 - 13: point to the salvation that is beyond the initial appearance of salvation, but towards the very end of when Christ reigns. So not that we died with Christ, but we live with Him, we endure then we reign with Him. v.13: If we are faithless to God, He will remain faithful to Himself and we will not have the consummated, the fullness, the final goal of our faith - our salvation of our souls. 2. Read Romans 8:30–37 . How do the promises in these eight verses help you understand the dynamics in 2 Timothy 2:8 ? There is process from justification and glorification. All those who are truly called and justified, will be glorified There is nonetheless an ongoing certain-victorious battle, that must be engaged in, fought for, and struggled through This warfare is for our souls Satan is wanting to deceive us and ruin our faith Jesus does battle by intercession, e.g. Luke 22:32, Romans 8:34 The war continues on earth with a list of earthly sufferings Romans 8:35 An example of this is Peter, who fought even after his denial 3. After seeing the role Paul plays in these believers’ perseverance, what should we do for one another in the church? Use Hebrews 3:13–14 in your answer. Paul fights the good fight in this war for the sake of the elect so that the elect may endure till the end So likewise, in Hebrews 3:13 - 14 I should: hold the salvation firm to the end exhort each other, those who have come to Christ to hold firm to the end so that we do not get hardened by the deceitfulness of sin