1 Peter 3:7
Οἱ ἄνδρες ὁμοίως,
In the same way, husbands
συνοικοῦντες κατὰ γνῶσιν
live, dwell together with understanding that comes from experience and first-hand learning
ὡς ἀσθενεστέρῳ σκεύει τῷ γυναικείῳ,
(considering) your wife
Means, and action (the means is the action)
as the weaker vessel
according them with honour
Means, and action (means is the action)
ὡς καὶ συγκληρονόμοις
as joint, shared, fellow inheritors
of the grace of life
εἰς τὸ μὴ ἐγκόπτεσθαι τὰς προσευχὰς ὑμῶν.
for the purpose to not hinder or thwart your prayers.
Οἱ ἄνδρες ὁμοίως, συνοικοῦντες κατὰ γνῶσιν ὡς ἀσθενεστέρῳ σκεύει τῷ γυναικείῳ, ἀπονέμοντες τιμὴν ὡς καὶ συγκληρονόμοις χάριτος ζωῆς εἰς τὸ μὴ ἐγκόπτεσθαι τὰς προσευχὰς ὑμῶν.
Study Questions from Dr Piper 1. Explain the “Likewise” at the beginning of 1 Peter 3:7 . For help, reread the previous verses ( 1 Peter 2:13–3:6 ). This section is overall part of how to live as believer exiles in this world, 1 Peter 2:9-3:6 1 Peter 2:13 Specifically, how various groups are to submit to the institutions in this world for the Lord's sake. Here how husbands are to submit for the Lord's sake to the institution of marriage. So likewise, in the same way how the husband is to be a husband for the Lord's sake. 2. When it says a husband must live with his wife “in an understanding way,” what things should he understand? Begin with the immediate context. The things the husband is to understand here are the following: Honour (protection, leadership, provision, initiative) Woman Weaker vessel Heirs Grace Grace of Life In what way are prayers relevant here? How are prayers hindered? 3. Now, read 1 Peter 1:14–15 and 1 Thessalonians 4:4–5 and explain how, if at all, that affects your answer to the previous question. 1 Peter 1:14-15 contrasts "former ignorance" with the knowing in 3:7 1 Thessalonians 4:4-5 knowing God affects how we behave, leads to us being holy, to control our bodies with honour 4. When Peter calls the wife the “weaker vessel,” what do you think he means? Does Paul’s use of the same word in 2 Corinthians 4:7 affect your answer? Both men and women are vessels of clay, fragile- on the bodies per se as in. 2 Corinthians 4:7 vessels of clay. Surpassing power belongs to God. Cf 1 Peter 4:11, acting and serving in the power of God. Women are the weaker vessel, i.e. the weaker body, physically. Men have the physical advantage, in strength and stamina 5. Do you see examples in secular society that suggest women are, generally speaking, considered the weaker of the genders Harder today to see how the physical gender difference is more apparent However, in the strictly physical areas or those with primarily physical exertion fields -- e.g. sports, this difference is distinguished; construction, law enforcement, military 6. N ow, read Ephesians 5:23–29 . How does Paul’s version of the same call confirm or clarify what Peter says to husbands? Leadership Protection (service of her that he might sanctify her) Deliverance (saviour) Nourishing Cherishing 7. What does it mean for a believing wife to be an “heir” ( 1 Peter 3:7 )? Read 1 Peter 1:3–5 to further clarify what Peter might mean using it here? God gives an imperishable, unfading, undefiled inheritance, and makes us fellow heirs of this. This inheritance came from being born again by God the Father because we are His children, and thus inheritors, what God owes The wife is the heir of everything in the universe, together with the husband 8. When Peter says that these wives are heirs “of grace,” what might he mean? Where else does he talk about grace in this letter, and how does that help you understand this verse? This grace is future 1 Peter 1:13 the grace that will be brought at the revelation of Jesus, the second coming. 1 Peter 4:13 When Jesus' glory (=grace) is revealed. Fellow heirs will share in that glory (1 Peter 1:6-7) these wives are fellow heirs 9. What implications are there for husbands? How does what we learn here about wives motivate or equip husbands to love their wives differently? Knowing that the wife is such a rich heir, to be greatly blessed: This motivates the husband to regard the wife as valuable, albeit weaker, physical body Husbands will see how they relate with their wives comes under a broader, bigger sense of how God regards these wives Husbands will also be more mindful that they are relating with someone who will be greatly honoured by God, as a queen of the universe, of His world. 10. What might Peter mean when he says a husband’s prayers are hindered? Give at least three possibilities. "Sin obstructs our relationship to God" 1 Peter 3:12 eyes of the LORD on the righteous, husbands who honour their wives. "Unity in prayer is obstructed." Dishonour is alienation, and therefore no agreement in prayer, so God does not answer. See Matthew 18:19 two agreeing in prayers "A broken relationship makes it very hard to kneel together" 11. Where else does Peter talk about prayer, or what other verses in the Bible about prayer might be relevant to this verse? 1 Peter 4:7 "Peter regards prayers as jeopardized if not guarded by sobermindedness". 12. Identify one or two ways you might intentionally honor your wife this week. Not applicable, cos I am not the husband. Smile. Preaching to Myself Oh my soul, you are the woman Guard yourself against thinking and being critical of the men, the husbands remember that God has much for you to do regarding your own conduct and have hope that God's idea of marriage, as it should be lived is wonderful seek for wives to become this kind of wife in 1 Peter and pray for the husbands to become this kind of husband Hope in God Do all according to God's ways for His sake and look forward to an amazing inheritance that awaits you Read, see, observe, ponder savour, reflect on, digest, recall, pray for eyes to see ears to hear mind to comprehend heart to experience what lies ahead in that great inheritance And work out your salvation. It is all worth it! And God is at work so there is certain hope. Take heart! Takeaway To pray for all believing husbands to grow in knowing God, and to honour their wives for the LORD's sake. To pray that God would open their eyes to see their wives in the past, present and future. To know about her. To know her as weaker vessel, and heirs of grace that will be fully made known at the coming of Jesus. That believing husbands and wives would take heart by learning about these LABS on wives and husbands - how to live as elect exiles in this world, for the LORD's sake, in their marriages