Main point summary
What Baptism has to do with Salvation
1 Peter 3:21-22
ὃ καὶ ὑμᾶς ἀντίτυπον νῦν σῴζει βάπτισμα, (by clicking on the highlighted word, we see Thayer's definition as typical of, representing by type or pattern )
Baptism, which corresponds to this , u now saves you,
What does the “this” in verse 21 refer back to? "This" refers to the account of Noah and 7 others being saved from the Flood. The pronoun follows this account in the preceding verses. This means that the Noah even was a type or copy (as also in the use of ἀντίτυπον) pointing to and anticipating baptism. If this clause is separated from the remainder of this verse and chapter, there would be a false conclusion that the physical act of a physical baptism leads to salvation. Why this cannot be is shown in the following phrases.
οὐ σαρκὸς ἀπόθεσις ῥύπου
not as a removal of dirt from the body
Why the act of Baptism is not the means of salvation? Ans part 1: This phrase indicates that the physical water and cleaning of the physical body does not save a person from sin.
ἀλλὰ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς ἐπερώτημα εἰς θεόν,
but v as an appeal to God for a good conscience,
Ans part 2: This phrase indicates rather than an appeal, a request, a coming to God is necessary and it is from God that salvation comes
διʼ ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
w through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
Ans part 3: this phrase finds a cross reference with Romans 6:4 which explains that believers are die with Christ by baptism into death, so that believers are raised to life with Christ. So salvation is through the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The force of this passage is that it is Jesus Christ who secured the salvation. This also answers the last study question found in the LAB: What role does baptism play in the Christian life?
ὅς ἐστιν ἐν δεξιᾷ [τοῦ] θεοῦ πορευθεὶς εἰς οὐρανὸν
who has gone into heaven and x is at the right hand of God,
This phrase goes on to talk about what else Jesus has done, here the elevation of His Person to receive glory
ὑποταγέντων αὐτῷ ἀγγέλων καὶ ἐξουσιῶν καὶ δυνάμεων.
y with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.
...and power and authority over heaven and earth, and victory over all rebellious powers i.e. the fallen angels or demons.
Refer to www.desiringgod.org/labs/does-baptism-save-you