1 Peter 1:1-5:14
Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen
an apostle of Jesus Christ,
To those who are elect exiles
of the Dispersion
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father,
according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.
in the sanctification of the Spirit,
for obedience to Jesus Christ and for
sprinkling with his blood:
May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you,
to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you,
who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials,
In this you greatly rejoice, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials,
so that the tested genuineness of your faith— more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire— may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
so that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which is perishable, even though tested by fire, may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory,
and though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory,
obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.
obtaining as the outcome of your faith the salvation of your souls.
Concerning this salvation, the prophets who prophesied about the grace that was to be yours searched and inquired carefully,
As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries,
inquiring what person or time the Spirit of Christ in them was indicating when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the subsequent glories.
seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.
It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look.
It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven— things into which angels long to look.
Therefore, preparing your minds for action, and being sober- minded, set your hope fully on the grace that will be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
As obedient children, do not be conformed to the passions of your former ignorance,
As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance,
but as he who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct,
but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior;
since it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”
because it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”
And if you call on him as Father who judges impartially according to each one’s deeds, conduct yourselves with fear throughout the time of your exile,
If you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth;
knowing that you were ransomed from the futile ways inherited from your forefathers, not with perishable things such as silver or gold,
knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers,
but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.
but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.
He was foreknown before the foundation of the world but was made manifest in the last times for the sake of you
For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you
who through him are believers in God, who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
Having purified your souls by your obedience to the truth for a sincere brotherly love, love one another earnestly from a pure heart,
Since you have in obedience to the truth purified your souls for a sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from the heart,
since you have been born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God;
for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God.
for “All flesh is like grass and all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, and the flower falls,
For, “All flesh is like grass, And all its glory like the flower of grass. The grass withers, And the flower falls off,
but the word of the Lord remains forever.” And this word is the good news that was preached to you.
But the word of the Lord endures forever.” And this is the word which was preached to you.
So put away
Therefore, putting aside all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander,
and all deceit
and all slander.
Like newborn infants,
like newborn babies, long for the pure milk of the word, so that by it you may grow in respect to salvation,
long for the pure spiritual milk,
that by it you may grow up into salvation—
if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good.
if you have tasted the kindness of the Lord.
As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious,
And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God,
you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house,
you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
For it stands in Scripture: “Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious, and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame.”
For this is contained in Scripture: “Behold, I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, And he who believes in Him will not be disappointed.”
So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe, “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,”
This precious value, then, is for you who believe; but for those who disbelieve, “The stone which the builders rejected, This became the very corner stone,”
and “A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense.” They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.
and, “A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense”; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed.
But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;
Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
for you once were not a people, but now you are the people of God; you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.
Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.
I urge you
as sojourners and exiles
to abstain from the passions of the flesh,
which wage war against your soul.
Keep your conduct honorable among the Gentiles
Keep your behavior excellent among the Gentiles, so that in the thing in which they slander you as evildoers, they may because of your good deeds, as they observe them, glorify God in the day of visitation.
so that when they speak against you as evildoers,
they may see your good deeds
and glorify God on the day of visitation.
Be subject to every human institution,
Submit yourselves for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority,
for the Lord’s sake
whether it be to the emperor
or to governors
or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.
as sent by him
to punish those who do evil
and to praise those who do good.
For this is the will of God, that by doing good you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish people.
For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men.
Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover- up for evil, but living as servants of God.
Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God.
Honor everyone. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the emperor.
Honor all people, love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the king.
Servants, be subject to your masters
Servants, be submissive to your masters with all respect, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unreasonable.
with all respect,
not only to the good and gentle but also to the unjust.
For this is a gracious thing, when, mindful of God, one endures sorrows while suffering unjustly.
For this finds favor, if for the sake of conscience toward God a person bears up under sorrows when suffering unjustly.
For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure? But if when you do good and suffer for it you endure, this is a gracious thing in the sight of God.
For what credit is there if, when you sin and are harshly treated, you endure it with patience? But if when you do what is right and suffer for it you patiently endure it, this finds favor with God.
For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps.
For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps,
He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.
who committed no sin, nor was any deceit found in His mouth;
When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly.
and while being reviled, He did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;
He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed.
and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.
For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.
Likewise, wives, be subject to your own husbands, so that even if some do not obey the word, they may be won without a word by the conduct of their wives,
In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives,
when they see your respectful and pure conduct.
as they observe your chaste and respectful behavior.
Do not let your adorning be external— the braiding of hair and the putting on of gold jewelry, or the clothing you wear—
Your adornment must not be merely external— braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses;
but let your adorning be the hidden person of the heart with the imperishable beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which in God’s sight is very precious.
but let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God.
For this is how the holy women who hoped in God used to adorn themselves, by submitting to their own husbands,
For in this way in former times the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to their own husbands;
as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord. And you are her children, if you do good and do not fear anything that is frightening.
just as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, and you have become her children if you do what is right without being frightened by any fear.
Likewise, husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, showing honor to the woman as the weaker vessel, since they are heirs with you of the grace of life, so that your prayers may not be hindered.
You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.
Finally, all of you, have unity of mind, sympathy, brotherly love, a tender heart, and a humble mind.
To sum up, all of you be harmonious, sympathetic, brotherly, kindhearted, and humble in spirit;
Do not repay evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, bless, for to this you were called, that you may obtain a blessing.
not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing.
For “Whoever desires to love life and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil and his lips from speaking deceit;
For, “The one who desires life, to love and see good days, Must keep his tongue from evil and his lips from speaking deceit.
let him turn away from evil and do good; let him seek peace and pursue it.
“He must turn away from evil and do good; He must seek peace and pursue it.
For the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous, and his ears are open to their prayer. But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”
“For the eyes of the Lord are toward the righteous, And His ears attend to their prayer, But the face of the Lord is against those who do evil.”
Now who is there to harm you if you are zealous for what is good?
Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good?
But even if you should suffer for righteousness’ sake, you will be blessed. Have no fear of them, nor be troubled,
But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. And do not fear their intimidation, and do not be troubled,
but in your hearts honor Christ the Lord as holy, always being prepared to make a defense to anyone who asks you for a reason for the hope that is in you; yet do it with gentleness and respect,
but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence;
having a good conscience, so that, when you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ may be put to shame.
and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.
For it is better to suffer for doing good, if that should be God’s will, than for doing evil.
For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong.
For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit,
For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;
in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison,
in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison,
because they formerly did not obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.
who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water.
Baptism, which corresponds to this, now saves you, not as a removal of dirt from the body but as an appeal to God for a good conscience, through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you— not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience— through the resurrection of Jesus Christ,
who has gone into heaven and is at the right hand of God, with angels, authorities, and powers having been subjected to him.
who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.
Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,
Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin,
so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God.
so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.
For the time that is past suffices for doing what the Gentiles want to do, living in sensuality, passions, drunkenness, orgies, drinking parties, and lawless idolatry.
For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties and abominable idolatries.
With respect to this they are surprised when you do not join them in the same flood of debauchery, and they malign you;
In all this, they are surprised that you do not run with them into the same excesses of dissipation, and they malign you;
but they will give account to him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.
but they will give account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.
For this is why the gospel was preached even to those who are dead, that though judged in the flesh the way people are, they might live in the spirit the way God does.
For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God.
The end of all things is at hand; therefore be self- controlled and sober- minded for the sake of your prayers.
The end of all things is near; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer.
Above all, keep loving one another earnestly, since love covers a multitude of sins.
Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins.
Show hospitality to one another without grumbling.
Be hospitable to one another without complaint.
As each has received a gift, use it to serve one another, as good stewards of God’s varied grace:
As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
whoever speaks, as one who speaks oracles of God; whoever serves, as one who serves by the strength that God supplies— in order that in everything God may be glorified through Jesus Christ. To him belong glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Whoever speaks, is to do so as one who is speaking the utterances of God; whoever serves is to do so as one who is serving by the strength which God supplies; so that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belongs the glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you.
Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you;
But rejoice insofar as you share Christ’s sufferings, that you may also rejoice and be glad when his glory is revealed.
but to the degree that you share the sufferings of Christ, keep on rejoicing, so that also at the revelation of His glory you may rejoice with exultation.
If you are insulted for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests upon you.
If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.
But let none of you suffer as a murderer or a thief or an evildoer or as a meddler.
Make sure that none of you suffers as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;
Yet if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, but let him glorify God in that name.
but if anyone suffers as a Christian, he is not to be ashamed, but is to glorify God in this name.
For it is time for judgment to begin at the household of God; and if it begins with us, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?
For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?
And “If the righteous is scarcely saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?”
And if it is with difficulty that the righteous is saved, what will become of the godless man and the sinner?
Therefore let those who suffer according to God’s will entrust their souls to a faithful Creator while doing good.
Therefore, those also who suffer according to the will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing what is right.
So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed:
Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed,
shepherd the flock of God that is among you, exercising oversight, not under compulsion, but willingly, as God would have you; not for shameful gain, but eagerly;
shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness;
not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock.
nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock.
And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.
And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.
Likewise, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. Clothe yourselves, all of you, with humility toward one another, for “God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble.”
You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for God is opposed to the proud, but gives grace to the humble.
Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God so that at the proper time he may exalt you,
Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time,
casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you.
casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you.
Be sober- minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.
Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.
Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world.
But resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world.
And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you.
After you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.
To him be the dominion forever and ever. Amen.
To Him be dominion forever and ever. Amen.
By Silvanus, a faithful brother as I regard him, I have written briefly to you, exhorting and declaring that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it.
Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
She who is at Babylon, who is likewise chosen, sends you greetings, and so does Mark, my son.
She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark.
Greet one another with the kiss of love. Peace to all of you who are in Christ.
Greet one another with a kiss of love. Peace be to you all who are in Christ.
a messenger, one sent on a mission Peter was directly chosen to be a disciple by Jesus Matthew 4:18-20. Mark 1:16-18. Luke 5:1-11 (longer story) Peter was renamed from Simon by Jesus John 1:40-42
Strong’s: diaspora: a dispersion (Isr. in Gentile countries) Literal definition: Scattering abroad of seed by the sower, hence: dispersion, used especially of the Jews who had migrated and were scattered over the ancient world. In John 7:35, the Jews asked about Christ (when he said they would look for him but would not find him) “Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks?” NIV: people who are living as foreigners NASB: those who reside as aliens YLT: sojourners of the dispersion