Main point summary
Though we often do not understand, God has a plan for everything that occurs. For instance, though it appears this way, the Jews were not hardened merely so that they would perish. Rather, their hardening allowed the rest of the world to obtain the riches of salvation. But they are not permanently cut off. God's promise to their forefathers still stands: God will bring the Jewish nation back to him, alongside the new spiritual Jews that have been grafted in. And when they come, the riches of God's glory will be all the more obvious, so we should pray feverishly for the Jews to return to the Lord.
So I ask, did they stumble
Some might ask, Did the physical jews that God hardened fail to obtain what they were seeking,
in order that they might fall?
for the sole purpose of stumbling and missing out on the righteousness of God?
By no means!
Not at all.
Rather through their trespass
Rather, their stumbling and failure to obtain righteousness through Christ,
u salvation has come to the Gentiles,
allowed all the nations to be included in the promises of God, not just physical jews.
so as to make Israel jealous.
By allowing the nations to receive the promises, while many jews missed out, God made Jews, his chosen people, jealous of the nations.
Now if their trespass
Now then, if the Jews' failing to obtain the RofG
means riches for the world,
allowed the nations to be included in the glorious promises of salvation
and if their failure
means riches for the Gentiles,
how much more will their full inclusion 1 mean!
Then the Jews being fully included in God's promise of salvation mean even more rich and glorious things are at hand for everyone!
Now I am speaking to you Gentiles.
Now let me explain to you non-Jews why this is important
Inasmuch then as v I am an apostle to the Gentiles,
Just as I am sent by God to the nations to preach the Gospel
I magnify my ministry
so also, I want to make my ministry to the nations known to Jews,
in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous,
in order to make my Jewish brothers jealous of the nations' inclusion in the promises
and w thus save some of them.
and thereby bring some of them into salvation
For if their rejection
The reason I want to magnify my ministry for Jews is this: if God's rejection of Jews as the chosen people
means x the reconciliation of the world,
has allowed the nations to be reconciled to God and chosen,
what will their acceptance mean
how can God's acceptance of the Jews mean anything less
but life from the dead?
Than eternal life and rescue from death for everyone?
y If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy,
And how can we expect the Jews not to be saved! If God promised the Jewish patriarchs that Jews will be his chosen people,
so is the whole lump,
then the rest of the Jews will receive this promise as well!
and if the root is holy,
Again, If the source of a tree, it's roots, are counted as holy
so are the branches.
the branches, which receive life from the roots, will be holy as well