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Jonathan's published pages
Central Idea: Jesus pre-existed with the Father, and both physical and spiritual life come through Him.
John 1:1-5
Central Idea: Jesus did not come to do miracles; He did miracles to show that He had come as the Messiah.
John 4:43-54
Central Idea: It is through Jesus that we receive grace and see the glory of God.
John 1:14-18
Central Idea: John gave faithful testimony that his important ministry was, it was only a prelude to the coming Messiah.
John 1:19-28
Central Idea: Jesus is the gate to heave, the mediator between God and man.
John 1:43-51
Central Idea: God sent Jesus, the light, but also sent a witness first to prepare people's hearts.
John 1:6-8
Central Idea: Jesus is zealous for true worship of God.
John 2:12-25
Central Idea: Jesus was incarnated as a man and preached the Gospel to His creation.
John 1:9-13
Central Idea: God provided the Spirit as a witness to John the Baptist to confirm that Jesus was the Messiah.
John 1:29-34
Central Idea: Those who believe follow Jesus, and those who follow Jesus believe.
John 1:35-42
Central Idea: Everything Jesus does is for the purpose of glorifying God.
John 2:1-11
Central Idea: Entering the kingdom of God requires new birth in the Spirit.
John 3:1-8
Central idea: The new birth and eternal life are given to those who believe in the Son.
John 3:9-21
Central Idea: The Messiah has come from Heaven, and all must go to Him.
John 3:22-30
Central Idea:  The Son gives testimony to the Father, so receiving him (or not) is the basis for eternal life or damnation.
John 3:31-36
Central Idea: Jesus' words are more powerful than any other witness.
John 4:39-42
Central Idea: Christians must do the work of God and reap a spiritual harvest.
John 4:31-38
view all (18 total)
Jesus Gives Living Water
John 4:1-30
Central Idea: True worship of God requires new life that only comes through Jesus.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587989 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2011-01-31 17:18:56
2011-02-01 07:12:25
Central Idea: True worship of God requires new life that only comes through Jesus. Vss. 1-6- Jesus leaves the region where John was baptizing, though the text doesn't give a purpose. Whatever His reason, He purposed to go through Samaria. The natural route from Judea to Galilee passed through Samaria, so that may be the main meaning of "had to pass," but our Lord did nothing by chance. The journey was likely more than a day, which would explain His fatigue. The "sixth hour" was noon, calculated from sun-up at 6am. Vss. 5-6- Sychar is beside Shechem, which features in the journeys of both Abraham and Jacob (and thus pre-dates even the conquest). Later, it was part of the land given to Joseph, whose tomb can still be found there. It also is located between Mt. Gerizim and Mt. Ebal, where the tribes declared the blessings and curses intended for those who kept or disobeyed the Torah. However, the settling of the land with foreigners during the exile period led to intermingling of Jews and Gentiles, which led to rejection by the pure-blood Jews who returned from the exile. The animosity continued to the time of Christ and reached the point that Jews would not even share food or drinking vessels with Samaritans lest they become ceremonially unclean. The Samaritans did hold to the Torah but rejected the rest of the OT as canon, though they did look for the coming of the Messiah. Furthermore, the Samaritans built their own temple of sorts on Mt. Gerizim, though it was destroyed by the Jews before Jesus' time. All of this history colors the dialogue presented in the following verses. Vss. 7-9- A woman came alone to draw water at midday. The estrangement implied by her solitary trip in the heat of the day is clarified by the later revelation of her sinful past. Jesus' request for a drink seems natural given the conditions, but in the culture of the day, speaking to a woman alone in public could be construed as flirting. Furthermore, since He was obviously a Jew and she a Samaritan, He would be expected to shun her drinking vessel. Hence, her surprise. His disciples would have drawn for Him, but they were absent hunting kosher food. Vs. 9b "have no dealings" should probably be translated "share nothing in common," referring to the water pot. Vss. 10-15- Jesus reveals the reason for His question: He intended to give water, not get water. The "gift of God" was eternal life and could only come through Jesus (continuing the Evangelist's theme from Chapters 1-3). The woman obviously misunderstands Him, as did Nicodemus (Ch. 3) and the temple authorities (Ch. 2). She observes that Jesus has no way to draw from this well and concludes that He has something different in mind, but questions whether He could do better than Jacob. Jesus repeats that He offers something greater. She accepts the offer, but still doesn't understand. "Living water" could be understood as running water, as opposed to a standing pool, and she probably interpreted His statement that way. But water was also an analogy for the ultimate blessings from God (Is. 12:3, Jer. 2:13, Jer. 17:13). Jesus is not offering water for her stomach; He offers water for her soul. Vss. 16-24- Jesus begins to demonstrate her need, not of water but of a Savior. She challenges Him as a prophet with a question about the controversy between Samaritan and Jewish worship, but He guides her question to a new level: "Where" is not as important as "how." God is a spirit; He is everywhere, and we don't have to go somewhere to worship Him because Christians are now Temples. True worship is not effected by going to the right mountain but by being regenerated through the new birth. Yes, Jews had more revelation (the rest of the canon) and the Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah, but both Mt. Gerizim and Jerusalem would pass away. A new order had come. Vss. 25-26- The woman finally recognizes the significance of Jesus' words and concurs that the Messiah will institute the new order when he came. Jesus then reveals that He IS the Messiah. Vss. 27-30- At this point, the disciples return and are surprised to see Jesus alone with a woman. She is equally sensitive to their reaction and immediately leaves. "Everything I ever did" is not literal, but a figure of speech: if Jesus knew about her marital past, then He certainly knew more than that. The result is that same as the later half of chapter 1, people meet Jesus and then bring others.
10000000066647 66647 Notes 2011-01-31 17:18:56 2011-02-01 07:12:25 Central Idea: True worship of God requires new life that only comes through Jesus. Vss. 1-6- Jesus leaves the region where John was baptizing, though the text doesn't give a purpose. Whatever His reason, He purposed to go through Samaria. The natural route from Judea to Galilee passed through Samaria, so that may be the main meaning of "had to pass," but our Lord did nothing by chance. The journey was likely more than a day, which would explain His fatigue. The "sixth hour" was noon, calculated from sun-up at 6am. Vss. 5-6- Sychar is beside Shechem, which features in the journeys of both Abraham and Jacob (and thus pre-dates even the conquest). Later, it was part of the land given to Joseph, whose tomb can still be found there. It also is located between Mt. Gerizim and Mt. Ebal, where the tribes declared the blessings and curses intended for those who kept or disobeyed the Torah. However, the settling of the land with foreigners during the exile period led to intermingling of Jews and Gentiles, which led to rejection by the pure-blood Jews who returned from the exile. The animosity continued to the time of Christ and reached the point that Jews would not even share food or drinking vessels with Samaritans lest they become ceremonially unclean. The Samaritans did hold to the Torah but rejected the rest of the OT as canon, though they did look for the coming of the Messiah. Furthermore, the Samaritans built their own temple of sorts on Mt. Gerizim, though it was destroyed by the Jews before Jesus' time. All of this history colors the dialogue presented in the following verses. Vss. 7-9- A woman came alone to draw water at midday. The estrangement implied by her solitary trip in the heat of the day is clarified by the later revelation of her sinful past. Jesus' request for a drink seems natural given the conditions, but in the culture of the day, speaking to a woman alone in public could be construed as flirting. Furthermore, since He was obviously a Jew and she a Samaritan, He would be expected to shun her drinking vessel. Hence, her surprise. His disciples would have drawn for Him, but they were absent hunting kosher food. Vs. 9b "have no dealings" should probably be translated "share nothing in common," referring to the water pot. Vss. 10-15- Jesus reveals the reason for His question: He intended to give water, not get water. The "gift of God" was eternal life and could only come through Jesus (continuing the Evangelist's theme from Chapters 1-3). The woman obviously misunderstands Him, as did Nicodemus (Ch. 3) and the temple authorities (Ch. 2). She observes that Jesus has no way to draw from this well and concludes that He has something different in mind, but questions whether He could do better than Jacob. Jesus repeats that He offers something greater. She accepts the offer, but still doesn't understand. "Living water" could be understood as running water, as opposed to a standing pool, and she probably interpreted His statement that way. But water was also an analogy for the ultimate blessings from God (Is. 12:3, Jer. 2:13, Jer. 17:13). Jesus is not offering water for her stomach; He offers water for her soul. Vss. 16-24- Jesus begins to demonstrate her need, not of water but of a Savior. She challenges Him as a prophet with a question about the controversy between Samaritan and Jewish worship, but He guides her question to a new level: "Where" is not as important as "how." God is a spirit; He is everywhere, and we don't have to go somewhere to worship Him because Christians are now Temples. True worship is not effected by going to the right mountain but by being regenerated through the new birth. Yes, Jews had more revelation (the rest of the canon) and the Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah, but both Mt. Gerizim and Jerusalem would pass away. A new order had come. Vss. 25-26- The woman finally recognizes the significance of Jesus' words and concurs that the Messiah will institute the new order when he came. Jesus then reveals that He IS the Messiah. Vss. 27-30- At this point, the disciples return and are surprised to see Jesus alone with a woman. She is equally sensitive to their reaction and immediately leaves. "Everything I ever did" is not literal, but a figure of speech: if Jesus knew about her marital past, then He certainly knew more than that. The result is that same as the later half of chapter 1, people meet Jesus and then bring others. notes
Arc
2011-01-31 17:18:56
2011-02-01 07:12:25
editing
John
John 4:1-30
NT
esv
Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John
(although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples),
concessive
he left Judea and departed again for Galilee.
inference
And he had to pass through Samaria.
So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the field that Jacob had given to his son Joseph.
Jacob's well was there; so Jesus, wearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well.
It was about the sixth hour.
temporal
progression
A woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink."
(For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.)
ground
The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a woman of Samaria?"
(For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.)
situationresponse
Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God,
and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink,'
you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water."
conditional
The woman said to him, "Sir, you have nothing to draw water with, and the well is deep.
Where do you get that living water?
Are you greater than our father Jacob?
He gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock."
ideaexplanation
Jesus said to her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again,
but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again.
The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life."
negativepositive
alternative
The woman said to him, "Sir, give me this water,
so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw water."
actionpurpose
Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here."
The woman answered him, "I have no husband."
Jesus said to her, "You are right in saying, 'I have no husband';
for you have had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband.
What you have said is true."
bilateral
The woman said to him, "Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet.
Our fathers worshiped on this mountain,
but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship."
Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father.
You worship what you do not know;
we worship what we know,
for salvation is from the Jews.
But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth,
for the Father is seeking such people to worship him.
God is spirit,
and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth."
The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ).
When he comes, he will tell us all things."
Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am he."
Just then his disciples came back.
They marveled that he was talking with a woman,
but no one said, "What do you seek?" or, "Why are you talking with her?"
So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people,
"Come, see a man who told me all that I ever did. Can this be the Christ?"
They went out of the town and were coming to him.
actionresult
discourse
10000000066647 66647 Arc 2011-01-31 17:18:56 2011-02-01 07:12:25 editing John 4 1 4 30 John 4:1-30 43 NT esv i628571 i628572 i628573 i628574 i628523 Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John i628524 (although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples), concessive 2 1 i628525 he left Judea and departed again for Galilee. inference 2 i628575 i628526 And he had to pass through Samaria. i628527 So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the field that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. inference 2 i628576 i628528 Jacob's well was there; so Jesus, wearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well. i628529 It was about the sixth hour. temporal 1 progression i628577 i628578 i628579 i628530 A woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink." i628531 (For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.) ground 1 i628580 i628532 The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a woman of Samaria?" i628533 (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) ground 1 situationresponse 2 i628581 i628582 i628583 i628584 i628534 Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, i628535 and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink,' progression i628536 you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water." conditional 2 i628585 i628586 i628537 The woman said to him, "Sir, you have nothing to draw water with, and the well is deep. i628538 Where do you get that living water? inference 2 i628587 i628539 Are you greater than our father Jacob? i628540 He gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock." ideaexplanation 1 progression situationresponse 2 i628588 i628589 i628541 Jesus said to her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, i628590 i628542 but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. i628543 The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life." negativepositive 2 alternative i628591 i628544 The woman said to him, "Sir, give me this water, i628545 so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw water." actionpurpose 2 situationresponse 2 progression progression i628592 i628593 i628594 i628546 Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here." i628547 The woman answered him, "I have no husband." i628595 i628548 Jesus said to her, "You are right in saying, 'I have no husband'; i628549 for you have had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband. i628550 What you have said is true." bilateral 1 i628596 i628597 i628551 The woman said to him, "Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. i628598 i628552 Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, i628553 but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship." alternative progression i628599 i628554 Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. i628600 i628601 i628555 You worship what you do not know; i628602 i628556 we worship what we know, i628557 for salvation is from the Jews. ground 1 negativepositive 2 i628603 i628604 i628558 But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, i628559 for the Father is seeking such people to worship him. ground 1 i628605 i628560 God is spirit, i628561 and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth." inference 2 progression alternative ideaexplanation 1 situationresponse 2 situationresponse 2 i628606 i628607 i628562 The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). i628563 When he comes, he will tell us all things." progression i628564 Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am he." situationresponse 2 situationresponse 2 i628608 i628609 i628565 Just then his disciples came back. i628610 i628566 They marveled that he was talking with a woman, i628567 but no one said, "What do you seek?" or, "Why are you talking with her?" concessive 2 1 temporal 1 1 i628611 i628612 i628568 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, i628569 "Come, see a man who told me all that I ever did. Can this be the Christ?" ideaexplanation 1 i628570 They went out of the town and were coming to him. actionresult 2 1 1 1 esv 25 a 50 discourse
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