J
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Jonathan's published pages
Central Idea: Jesus pre-existed with the Father, and both physical and spiritual life come through Him.
John 1:1-5
Central Idea: Jesus did not come to do miracles; He did miracles to show that He had come as the Messiah.
John 4:43-54
Central Idea: It is through Jesus that we receive grace and see the glory of God.
John 1:14-18
Central Idea: John gave faithful testimony that his important ministry was, it was only a prelude to the coming Messiah.
John 1:19-28
Central Idea: Jesus is the gate to heave, the mediator between God and man.
John 1:43-51
Central Idea: God sent Jesus, the light, but also sent a witness first to prepare people's hearts.
John 1:6-8
Central Idea: Jesus is zealous for true worship of God.
John 2:12-25
Central Idea: Jesus was incarnated as a man and preached the Gospel to His creation.
John 1:9-13
Central Idea: God provided the Spirit as a witness to John the Baptist to confirm that Jesus was the Messiah.
John 1:29-34
Central Idea: Those who believe follow Jesus, and those who follow Jesus believe.
John 1:35-42
Central Idea: Everything Jesus does is for the purpose of glorifying God.
John 2:1-11
Central Idea: Entering the kingdom of God requires new birth in the Spirit.
John 3:1-8
Central Idea: The Messiah has come from Heaven, and all must go to Him.
John 3:22-30
Central Idea:  The Son gives testimony to the Father, so receiving him (or not) is the basis for eternal life or damnation.
John 3:31-36
Central Idea: Jesus' words are more powerful than any other witness.
John 4:39-42
Central Idea: Christians must do the work of God and reap a spiritual harvest.
John 4:31-38
Central Idea: True worship of God requires new life that only comes through Jesus.
John 4:1-30
view all (18 total)
Jesus came to give us life
John 3:9-21
Central idea: The new birth and eternal life are given to those who believe in the Son.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587984 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2011-01-11 06:55:46
2011-01-14 07:56:16
Central idea: The new birth and eternal life are given to those who believe in the Son. Our response to Him now is the basis for Vs. 9 - Jesus explains the new birth to Nicodemus, who doesn't understand and asks how this is possible. Vss. 10-12 - Jesus tells him that the new birth is an "earthly thing," something that happens here on earth and something he should understand. The grounds for the new birth are a divine plan involving the Son and the Father and are "heavenly things," more difficult for him to understand, but Jesus kindly tells him anyway. Vss. 13-15 - The Son of Man is the only one who has come from heaven and thus knows these things. The idea of ascending/descending leads to being lifted up: on a cross, as was the brass serpent in the Exodus. "In him" probably refers to having life, not to believing: "Everyone that believes has life in Him." Vss. 16-17 - John resumes his commentary with this famous statement about God's love. The opening "houtws" usually refers to the preceding phrase, not the following, and may mean something like "As God loved covenant Israel, so He loved the cosmos." Some commentators take "houtws" as a reference the phrase that follows, though that phrase already has modifier, "hwste." I take "hwste" as a result of God's love, not the manner. Either way, though, the meaning is nearly same: God showed His love to the cosmos, not just Israel. John uses cosmos to refer the created order, now spiritually darkened and sinful. Into this world God sent his only Son. This is sometimes translated "only begotten Son," for understandable reasons. "monogenh" was used for parent-single child relationships. It was also applied to Abraham/Issac to emphasize the son of the promise. It is in that context that John uses this word: the emphasis is not on "begotten" but on "only." Jesus is like an only child, the only One who has come from God. Most parents do anything to protect their only child, but God gave His to die for us. All who believe in Him receive eternal life. Jesus did not come (this time) to judge our sins; He came to give life to all who believe. Our response to Him now will determine the verdict given upon His second coming. Vss. 18-21 - On that basis, John asserts that anyone who does not believe is assured of a guilty verdict. Through the metaphors of light and darkness, unbelief is associated with evil deeds, while belief is accompanied by righteousness.
10000000064273 64273 Notes 2011-01-11 06:55:46 2011-01-14 07:56:16 Central idea: The new birth and eternal life are given to those who believe in the Son. Our response to Him now is the basis for Vs. 9 - Jesus explains the new birth to Nicodemus, who doesn't understand and asks how this is possible. Vss. 10-12 - Jesus tells him that the new birth is an "earthly thing," something that happens here on earth and something he should understand. The grounds for the new birth are a divine plan involving the Son and the Father and are "heavenly things," more difficult for him to understand, but Jesus kindly tells him anyway. Vss. 13-15 - The Son of Man is the only one who has come from heaven and thus knows these things. The idea of ascending/descending leads to being lifted up: on a cross, as was the brass serpent in the Exodus. "In him" probably refers to having life, not to believing: "Everyone that believes has life in Him." Vss. 16-17 - John resumes his commentary with this famous statement about God's love. The opening "houtws" usually refers to the preceding phrase, not the following, and may mean something like "As God loved covenant Israel, so He loved the cosmos." Some commentators take "houtws" as a reference the phrase that follows, though that phrase already has modifier, "hwste." I take "hwste" as a result of God's love, not the manner. Either way, though, the meaning is nearly same: God showed His love to the cosmos, not just Israel. John uses cosmos to refer the created order, now spiritually darkened and sinful. Into this world God sent his only Son. This is sometimes translated "only begotten Son," for understandable reasons. "monogenh" was used for parent-single child relationships. It was also applied to Abraham/Issac to emphasize the son of the promise. It is in that context that John uses this word: the emphasis is not on "begotten" but on "only." Jesus is like an only child, the only One who has come from God. Most parents do anything to protect their only child, but God gave His to die for us. All who believe in Him receive eternal life. Jesus did not come (this time) to judge our sins; He came to give life to all who believe. Our response to Him now will determine the verdict given upon His second coming. Vss. 18-21 - On that basis, John asserts that anyone who does not believe is assured of a guilty verdict. Through the metaphors of light and darkness, unbelief is associated with evil deeds, while belief is accompanied by righteousness. notes
Arc
2011-01-11 06:55:46
2011-01-14 07:56:16
editing
John
John 3:9-21
NT
esv
Nicodemus said to him, "How can these things be?"
Jesus answered him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and yet you do not understand these things?
Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know,
and bear witness to what we have seen,
progression
but you do not receive our testimony.
situationresponse
If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe,
how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things?
inference
No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man.
And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness,
so must the Son of Man be lifted up,
comparison
that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.
actionpurpose
questionanswer
"For God so loved the world,
that he gave his only Son,
that whoever believes in him should not perish
but have eternal life.
negativepositive
For God did not send his Son into the world
to condemn the world,
but in order that the world might be saved through him.
ground
actionresult
Whoever believes in him is not condemned,
but whoever does not believe is condemned already,
because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.
And this is the judgment:
the light has come into the world,
and people loved the darkness rather than the light
because their works were evil.
ideaexplanation
For everyone who does wicked things hates the light
and does not come to the light,
lest his works should be exposed.
But whoever does what is true comes to the light,
so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God."
discourse
10000000064273 64273 Arc 2011-01-11 06:55:46 2011-01-14 07:56:16 editing John 3 9 3 21 John 3:9-21 43 NT esv i628353 i628354 i628323 Nicodemus said to him, "How can these things be?" i628355 i628356 i628324 Jesus answered him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and yet you do not understand these things? i628357 i628358 i628359 i628325 Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, i628326 and bear witness to what we have seen, progression i628327 but you do not receive our testimony. situationresponse 2 i628360 i628328 If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, i628329 how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? inference 2 progression progression i628361 i628330 No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man. i628362 i628363 i628331 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, i628332 so must the Son of Man be lifted up, comparison 1 1 i628333 that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. actionpurpose 2 progression progression questionanswer 2 i628364 i628365 i628334 "For God so loved the world, i628366 i628367 i628335 that he gave his only Son, i628368 i628336 that whoever believes in him should not perish i628337 but have eternal life. negativepositive 2 actionpurpose 2 i628369 i628338 For God did not send his Son into the world i628370 i628339 to condemn the world, i628340 but in order that the world might be saved through him. negativepositive 2 actionpurpose 2 ground 1 actionresult 2 i628371 i628372 i628341 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, i628373 i628342 but whoever does not believe is condemned already, i628343 because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. ground 1 negativepositive 2 1 i628374 i628375 i628344 And this is the judgment: i628376 i628345 the light has come into the world, i628377 i628346 and people loved the darkness rather than the light i628347 because their works were evil. ground 1 situationresponse 2 ideaexplanation 1 i628378 i628379 i628380 i628348 For everyone who does wicked things hates the light i628349 and does not come to the light, progression i628350 lest his works should be exposed. ground 1 i628381 i628351 But whoever does what is true comes to the light, i628352 so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God." actionpurpose 2 negativepositive 2 ground 1 progression progression ideaexplanation 1 1 1 1 esv 25 a 50 discourse
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.