Psalm 45 - Phrase and Arc
Psalms 45
Take a fresh look at our King, and see how we can respond as His bride.
Shared April 8th, 2016; Updated April 8th, 2016
Share / Groups / About Author
Takeaway so far
Outline
Phrase
Discourse
notes
Takeaway so far
One of the things that struck me most was the admonition to the bride, which, if I think through the implications of the Psalm, are admonitions to us, His bride: * forget your previous family (vs. 10) * bow to Him, for He is your Lord (vs. 11)
Outline
I'm learning that dot notes are not a great way to show you guys information (or I'm doing something wrong). So here's my outline... I. Intro (vs. 1) II. The King (vs. 2-9) A. The King's beauty and blessedness (vs. 2) B. The King's victory (vs. 3-5) C. The King's enduring, righteous throne (vs. 6-7a) D. The King's blessedness (vs. 7b-9) III. The royal bride (vs. 10-15) A. Instruction to the bride (vs. 10-11) B. The blessing of the bride (vs. 12-15) IV. The King's enduring renown (vs. 16-17) (Though I want to commend Michael's structure for this Psalm... it's great.)
Phrase
OT
Psalms 45:1-18
esv
Introduction
To the choirmaster:
according to Lilies.
A Maskil
of the Sons
of Korah;
a love song.
My heart overflows
with a pleasing theme;
Manner
I address my verses
to the king;
Destination
my tongue is like the pen
of a ready scribe.
The King
You are the most handsome
of the sons of men;
grace is poured
upon your lips;
Locative
therefore God has blessed you forever.
Inference
[You] Gird your sword
on your thigh,
O mighty one,
in your splendor
Context
and majesty!
In your majesty
ride out victoriously
for the cause
Purpose
of truth
and meekness
and righteousness;
let your right hand teach you awesome deeds!
Your arrows are sharp
in the heart
of the king’s enemies;
the peoples fall
under you.
Your throne, ... is forever and ever.
O God,
of your kingdom
The scepter ... is a scepter
of uprightness;
you have loved righteousness
and hated wickedness.
your God,
Therefore God, ... has anointed you
with the oil
of gladness
beyond your companions;
Comparison
your robes are all fragrant
with myrrh
and aloes
and cassia.
From ivory palaces
Source
stringed instruments make you glad;
of kings
daughters ... are among your ladies
of honor;
at your right hand
stands the queen
in gold
of Ophir.
The royal bride
O daughter,
Hear, ...
and consider,
and incline your ear:
forget your people
Content
and your father’s house,
and the king will desire your beauty.
Result
Since he is your lord,
Ground
bow to him.
of Tyre
The people ... will seek your favor
with gifts,
the richest
of the people.
All glorious is the princess
in her chamber,
with robes interwoven
Manner (of glorious)
with gold.
Manner (of interwoven)
In many- colored robes
she is led
to the king,
with her virgin companions following
Accompaniment
behind her.
With joy
and gladness
they are led along
as they enter the palace
Temporal
of the king.
The King again ?
of your fathers
In place ... shall be your sons;
you will make them princes
in all the earth.
I will cause your name to be remembered
in all generations;
therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.
May not be a good idea to break these 3 things up since it's a singular 'cause.'
phrasing
Discourse
Psalms 45:1-17
net
For the music director;
To the choirmaster:
according to the tune of “Lilies;”
according to Lilies.
ideaexplanation
by the Korahites, a well-written poem,
A Maskil of the Sons of Korah;
a love song.
a love song.
series
My heart is stirred by a beautiful song. 1
My heart overflows with a pleasing theme;
I say, “I have composed this special song 2 for the king;
I address my verses to the king;
my tongue is as skilled as the stylus of an experienced scribe.” 3
my tongue is like the pen of w a ready scribe.
You are the most handsome of all men! 4
You are x the most handsome of the sons of men;
You speak in an impressive and fitting manner! 5
y grace is poured upon your lips;
For this reason 6 God grants you continual blessings. 7
therefore God has blessed you forever .
inference
Strap your sword to your thigh, O warrior! 8
z Gird your a sword on your thigh, O b mighty one, in c your splendor and majesty!
Appear in your majestic splendor! 9
Appear in your majesty and be victorious! 10 Ride forth for the sake of what is right, 11 on behalf of justice! 12
In your majesty d ride out victoriously for the cause of truth and meekness and righteousness;
Then your right hand will accomplish mighty acts! 13
let your right hand teach you e awesome deeds!
progression
Your arrows are sharp and penetrate the hearts of the king’s enemies.
Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the king’s enemies;
Nations fall at your feet. 14
the peoples fall under you.
Your throne, 15 O God, is permanent. 16
f Your throne, O God, is forever and ever .
The scepter 17 of your kingdom is a scepter of justice.
The g scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
You love 18 justice and hate evil. 19
h you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
For this reason God, your God 20 has anointed you 21 with the oil of joy, 22 elevating you above your companions. 23
Therefore i God, your God, has j anointed you with the oil of k gladness l beyond your companions;
All your garments are perfumed with 24 myrrh, aloes, and cassia.
your robes are all fragrant with m myrrh and aloes and cassia.
From the luxurious palaces 25 comes the music of stringed instruments that makes you happy. 26
From ivory palaces n stringed instruments make you glad;
Princesses 27 are among your honored guests, 28
daughters of kings are among your ladies of honor;
your bride 29 stands at your right hand, wearing jewelry made with gold from Ophir. 30
o at your right hand stands the queen in p gold of Ophir.
Listen, O princess! 31 Observe and pay attention! 32
Hear, O daughter, and consider, and incline your ear:
Forget your homeland 33 and your family! 34
forget your people and your father’s house,
Then 35 the king will be attracted by 36 your beauty.
and the king will desire your beauty.
actionresult
After all, he is your master!
Since he is your q lord,
Submit 37 to him! 38
r bow to him.
Rich people from Tyre 39 will seek your favor by bringing a gift. 40
The people 1 of Tyre will s seek your favor with t gifts, u the richest of the people. 2
The princess 41 looks absolutely magnificent, 42
All glorious is v the princess in her chamber,
decked out in pearls and clothed in a brocade trimmed with gold. 43
with robes interwoven with gold.
actionmanner
In embroidered robes she is escorted to the king.
w In many-colored robes x she is led to the king,
Her attendants, the maidens of honor who follow her, are led before you. 44
with her virgin companions following behind her.
They are bubbling with joy as they walk in procession
With joy and gladness they are led along
and enter the royal palace. 45
as they enter the palace of the king.
temporal
Your 46 sons will carry 47 on the dynasty of your ancestors; 48
In place of your fathers shall be your sons;
you will make them princes throughout the land.
you will make them y princes in all the earth.
I will proclaim your greatness through the coming years, 49
z I will cause your name to be remembered in all generations ;
then the nations will praise you 50 forever.
therefore nations will praise you forever and ever.
Why couldn't this be instruction to us as the Church? 'forget your people and your father's house' ... 'bow to him, since he is your lord' etc.
ESV & NASB use therefore, so going with Inference instead of Ac-Res.
I believe this is where it addresses the king again: 1. the praise in vs. 17 seems unusual for the princess / queen compared to how it would be more fitting for the Messiah in this Psalm 2. Subject appears to be 2nd person singular , which would indicate it's not talking to the couple.
Hmm... this is a bit more detail about the verse we're so familiar with from Heb 1?
Included this with the rest of 6 since Proverbs talks about how the throne of a righteous king will last (Pro 16:12, Pro 29:14).
Does this Inference only apply to vs. 6?
II. A. The King's beauty and blessedness.
II. B. The King's victory.
II. C. The King's righteous, enduring throne.
II. D. The King's blessedness.
IV. The King's enduring renown.
III. The royal bride.
Not sure if Inference is really stated, I'm more taking it as an implication for this section.
Not sure how this verse relates to its context.
III. A. Instruction to the bride.
III. B. The blessing of the bride.
II. The King.
I. Intro
My choice of inference here may be too far of a stretch.
discourse
Comments
Charlotte Flowers
I like that you broke truth, meekness and righteousness out. Listing them like that makes it easier for me to see them when I take self-inventory!
Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.