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JosiahY
Josiah is a Senior at Bethlehem College and Seminary and lifelong student of God's Word.
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A Name We Cannot Doubt
Psalm 9:9-10
As we come to know the character of our God, our confidence is built up in him who is our refuge.
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#confidence
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Published November 28th, 2016; Updated November 28th, 2016
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Text & Translation
Psalm 9:10-11 LXX 10 καὶ ἐγένετο κύριος καταφυγὴ τῷ πένητι βοηθὸς ἐν εὐκαιρίαις ἐν θλίψει 11 καὶ ἐλπισάτωσαν ἐπὶ σὲ οἱ γινώσκοντες τὸ ὄνομά σου ὅτι οὐκ ἐγκατέλιπες τοὺς ἐκζητοῦντάς σε κύριε (9:9) And the Lord is a stronghold for the poor, a helper at opportune times in affliction, (9:10) and those who know your name hope in you because you have not forsaken those who seek you, Lord.
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Psalms 9:9-10
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καὶ ἐγένετο κύριος καταφυγὴ τῷ πένητι
And the Lord has become a stronghold for the poor,
βοηθὸς ἐν εὐκαιρίαις ἐν θλίψει
a helper at opportune times in affliction,
ideaexplanation
καὶ ἐλπισάτωσαν ἐπὶ σὲ οἱ γινώσκοντες τὸ ὄνομά σου
and they hope in you, those who know your name,
ὅτι οὐκ ἐγκατέλιπες τοὺς ἐκζητοῦντάς σε κύριε
because you have not forsaken those who seek you, Lord.
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Psalms 9:9-10
καὶ ἐγένετο κύριος καταφυγὴ τῷ πένητι
Independent Proposition
βοηθὸς ἐν εὐκαιρίαις ἐν θλίψει
Restatement 9a
καὶ ἐλπισάτωσαν ἐπὶ σὲ οἱ γινώσκοντες τὸ ὄνομά σου
Independent Proposition
ὅτι οὐκ ἐγκατέλιπες τοὺς ἐκζητοῦντάς σε κύριε
Ground 10a
καὶ ἐλπισάτωσαν ἐπὶ σὲ οἱ γινώσκοντες τὸ ὄνομά σου ὅτι οὐκ ἐγκατέλιπες τοὺς ἐκζητοῦντάς σε κύριε
ψάλατε τῷ κυρίῳ τῷ κατοικοῦντι ἐν Σιων ἀναγγείλατε ἐν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν τὰ ἐπιτηδεύματα αὐτοῦ
ἐπιτήδευμα
καὶ ἐγένετο κύριος καταφυγὴ τῷ πένητι βοηθὸς ἐν εὐκαιρίαις ἐν θλίψει
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Psalms 9:10-11
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Psalms 9:10
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Aorist, active, indicative, third, plural
Imperfective, active, participle, nominative, masculine, plural
Perfective, active, participle, accusative, masculine, plural
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Notes
Context Note: In the English text this passage is Psalm 9:9-10, but in the Septuagint it is 9:10-11 . Psalms 9 and 10 are closely related and were likely intended to be read or sung as a single psalm. These psalms share similar themes of the wicked oppressing the helpless and of God's judgment of the wicked. Psalm 9 has a tone of praise and thanks while Psalm 10 is a lament over the temporary security of the wicked and a plea to God as judge. In the LXX these psalms are combined into one. In the immediate context, the Psalmist begins by saying he will "give thanks to the Lord" and "recount all [his] wonderful deeds" (9:1). He then proceeds to do just that in vv 3-6 by recounting God's rebuke of the Psalmist's enemies and "the nations" more broadly. In vv 7-8 the Psalmist praises God as the eternal and righteous judge. Then come verses 9 and 10. Observations Verse 9 gives us great reason for hope. Notice the repeated ideas in vs 9: First, the Lord is a refuge and helper . Our confidence lies in the fact that our help is the Lord , the one who "sits enthroned forever" and who casts the wicked into "everlasting ruins" (vs 7). Our salvation, and therefore our confidence, does not depend on our own strength. Secondly, that help is nearest in difficulties. It is available for the poor or oppressed , and this help comes at opportune times, namely, when we are afflicted and at our weakest. Verse 10a then makes a remarkable statement about God's character. Notice what the Psalmist says: "Those who know your name put their trust in you" (ESV). God's name is closely associated with his character. Therefore, God is not just any refuge; he is a secure one. God's character is such that those who come to know it, put their trust in him. God's name inspires trust by its very nature. Verse 10b. Why does knowledge of God's name inspire trust? The Psalmist gives us the reason: "for you, O LORD have not forsaken those who seek you" (ESV). The Lord's track record is perfect. He has never let down those whom he has promised to protect. And who are those he has promised to protect if not the oppressed who cry out to him? The Lord "does not forget the cry of the afflicted" (vs 12). An implication of verse 10 is that when we doubt the Lord, we are forgetting who he really is. The Psalmist tells us that when we have a true understanding of God's character, it will by its very nature produce hope in us. Application: Take hope in the midst of your affliction, whatever sort it may be, for our God is a rock to which we may run. And if you are struggling with doubts, frustration, or even despair, you can build your hope by recounting the many instances of God's past faithfulness as revealed in his Word and as worked personally in your life. Psalm 103 is a great place to start. Cross reference: Ps 9:18; Ps 10:12, 17-18; Ps 52:17; Ps 62:5-6, 11-12; Is 57:15; Mat 7:11.
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