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Jtorgeson
Seminarian at Bethlehem College and Seminary, Minneapolis, MN
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James 2
James 2:20-26
Shared June 1st, 2020; Updated June 1st, 2020
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Main point summary
Arc 20-26
notes
Main point summary
The Scriptures attest to the fact that faith apart from works is useless, being unable to justify us before God. Therefore, put differently, just as the body is dead without the spirit, so faith is dead without works.
Arc 20-26
editing
NT
James 2:20-26
na28
esv
Θέλεις δὲ γνῶναι , ὦ ἄνθρωπε κενέ , ὅτι
Do you want to be shown, you foolish person, that
ἡ πίστις χωρὶς τῶν ἔργων ἀργή ἐστιν ;
faith apart from works is useless?
ideaexplanation
Ἀβραὰμ ὁ πατὴρ ἡμῶν οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη
v Was not Abraham our father justified by works
ἀνενέγκας Ἰσαὰκ τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὸ θυσιαστήριον;
when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar?
temporal
βλέπεις ὅτι
You see that
ἡ πίστις συνήργει τοῖς ἔργοις αὐτοῦ
w faith was active along with his works,
καὶ ἐκ τῶν ἔργων ἡ πίστις ἐτελειώθη ,
and faith was completed x by his works;
progression
καὶ ἐπληρώθη ἡ γραφὴ
and the Scripture was fulfilled
ἡ λέγουσα •
that says,
ἐπίστευσεν δὲ Ἀβραὰμ τῷ θεῷ,
y “Abraham believed God,
καὶ ἐλογίσθη αὐτῷ εἰς δικαιοσύνην
and it was counted to him as righteousness”—
ground
καὶ φίλος θεοῦ ἐκλήθη .
and he was called a z friend of God.
ὁρᾶτε ὅτι
You see that
ἐξ ἔργων δικαιοῦται ἄνθρωπος
a person is justified by works
καὶ οὐκ ἐκ πίστεως μόνον.
and not by faith alone.
inference
questionanswer
ὁμοίως δὲ καὶ Ῥαὰβ ἡ πόρνη οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων ἐδικαιώθη
And in the same way was not also a Rahab the prostitute justified by works
ὑποδεξαμένη τοὺς ἀγγέλους
b when she received the messengers
καὶ ἑτέρᾳ ὁδῷ ἐκβαλοῦσα ;
and sent them out by another way?
comparison
ὥσπερ γὰρ τὸ σῶμα χωρὶς πνεύματος νεκρόν ἐστιν ,
For as the body apart from the spirit is dead,
οὕτως καὶ ἡ πίστις χωρὶς ἔργων νεκρά ἐστιν .
so also faith apart from works is dead.
The gar here is, on the surface, misleading, because it is included in the clause of comparison. However, the primary claim James is making, which this clause supports, is the inference of the entire discourse beginning in verse 21.
na28
discourse
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