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Jtorgeson
Seminarian at Bethlehem College and Seminary, Minneapolis, MN
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James 5
James 5:1-11
Shared June 21st, 2020; Updated June 21st, 2020
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Main point summary
Arc 1-11
notes
Main point summary
Woe to those who live for these last days! They will see their materials, and their hearts which are captured by them, decay at the coming of the Lord. As for those who live for eternity, they should establish themselves and be patient, looking to God's word as their bread until he comes again to deliver them.
Arc 1-11
editing
NT
James 5:1-11
na28
esv
Ἄγε νῦν οἱ πλούσιοι ,
Come now, x you rich,
κλαύσατε
weep
ὀλολύζοντες ἐπὶ ταῖς ταλαιπωρίαις
and howl
series
for the y miseries
ὑμῶν ταῖς ἐπερχομέναις .
that are coming upon you.
ideaexplanation
ground
ὁ πλοῦτος ὑμῶν σέσηπεν
z Your riches have rotted
καὶ τὰ ἱμάτια ὑμῶν σητόβρωτα γέγονεν ,
and z your garments are moth-eaten.
ὁ χρυσὸς ὑμῶν καὶ ὁ ἄργυρος κατίωται
Your gold and silver have corroded,
καὶ ὁ ἰὸς αὐτῶν εἰς μαρτύριον ὑμῖν ἔσται
and their corrosion will be evidence against you
καὶ φάγεται τὰς σάρκας ὑμῶν
and will eat your flesh
ὡς πῦρ.
like fire.
comparison
progression
ἐθησαυρίσατε
a You have laid up treasure
ἐν ἐσχάταις ἡμέραις.
b in the last days.
temporal
ἰδοὺ
Behold,
ὁ μισθὸς τῶν ἐργατῶν... κράζει
c the wages of the laborers...are crying out against you
τῶν ἀμησάντων τὰς χώρας ὑμῶν
who mowed your fields,
ὁ ἀπεστερημένος ἀφʼ ὑμῶν...,
which you kept back by fraud,...,
καὶ αἱ βοαὶ τῶν θερισάντων εἰς τὰ ὦτα κυρίου σαβαὼθ εἰσεληλύθασιν .
and d the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of e the Lord of hosts.
actionresult
ἐτρυφήσατε ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς
f You have lived on the earth in luxury
καὶ ἐσπαταλήσατε ,
and g in self-indulgence.
ἐθρέψατε τὰς καρδίας ὑμῶν
You have fattened your hearts
ἐν ἡμέρᾳ σφαγῆς,
in h a day of slaughter.
generalspecific
κατεδικάσατε ,
You have condemned
ἐφονεύσατε τὸν δίκαιον,
and i murdered j the righteous person.
οὐκ ἀντιτάσσεται ὑμῖν.
He does not resist you.
concessive
... ἀδελφοί ,
...brothers,
Μακροθυμήσατε οὖν,...
Be patient, therefore,
ἕως τῆς παρουσίας τοῦ κυρίου.
until the coming of the Lord.
ἰδοὺ
See
ὁ γεωργὸς ἐκδέχεται τὸν τίμιον καρπὸν τῆς γῆς
how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth,
μακροθυμῶν ἐπʼ αὐτῷ
being patient about it,
actionmanner
ἕως λάβῃ πρόϊμον καὶ ὄψιμον.
until it receives k the early and the late rains.
μακροθυμήσατε καὶ ὑμεῖς,
You also, be patient.
στηρίξατε τὰς καρδίας ὑμῶν,
l Establish your hearts,
ὅτι ἡ παρουσία τοῦ κυρίου ἤγγικεν .
for the coming of the Lord m is at hand.
bilateral
... ἀδελφοί ,
...brothers,
μὴ στενάζετε ,... κατʼ ἀλλήλων
Do not grumble against one another,
ἵνα μὴ κριθῆτε •
n so that you may not be judged;
actionpurpose
ἰδοὺ
behold,
ὁ κριτὴς πρὸ τῶν θυρῶν ἕστηκεν .
o the Judge is standing p at the door.
... ἀδελφοί ,
...brothers,
ὑπόδειγμα λάβετε ,... τῆς κακοπαθίας καὶ τῆς μακροθυμίας τοὺς προφήτας
As an example of suffering and patience,... take q the prophets
οἳ ἐλάλησαν ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι κυρίου.
who spoke in the name of the Lord.
ἰδοὺ
Behold,
μακαρίζομεν τοὺς ὑπομείναντας •
we consider those blessed who remained steadfast.
τὴν ὑπομονὴν Ἰὼβ ἠκούσατε
You have heard of r the steadfastness of Job,
καὶ τὸ τέλος κυρίου εἴδετε ,
and you have seen s the purpose of the Lord,
ὅτι πολύσπλαγχνός ἐστιν ὁ κύριος καὶ οἰκτίρμων.
how t the Lord is compassionate and merciful.
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