Main point summary
Paul explains Titus that because the grace of God appeared saving , instructing us in order to live holy , waiting for His return as His holy people , therefore he had to teach these things with authority , not being despised.
For the grace of God has a appeared,
Ἐπεφάνη γὰρ ἡ χάρις τοῦ θεοῦ
For the grace of God (he) has appeared. (Jesus the grace of God appeared!)
For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all people. 16
1 b bringing salvation to all men,
σωτήριος πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις
bringing salvation to every men, (for to bring salvation to all men)
1 instructing us
It trains us 17 to reject godless ways 18 and worldly desires and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age,
to deny ungodliness
ἵνα ἀρνησάμενοι τὴν ἀσέβειαν
and a worldly desires
καὶ τὰς κοσμικὰς ἐπιθυμίας
and b to live sensibly,
c in the present age,
ζήσωμεν ἐν τῷ νῦν αἰῶνι,
looking for the blessed hope
προσδεχόμενοι τὴν μακαρίαν ἐλπίδα
as we wait for the happy fulfillment of our hope in the glorious appearing 19 of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ. 20
and the a appearing of the glory of 1 b our great
καὶ ἐπιφάνειαν τῆς δόξης τοῦ μεγάλου
ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ,
who a gave Himself for us
ὃς ἔδωκεν ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν,
He 21 gave himself for us to set us free from every kind of lawlessness and to purify for himself a people who are truly his, 22 who are eager to do good. 23
b to redeem us
ἵνα λυτρώσηται ἡμᾶς
from every lawless deed,
ἀπὸ πάσης ἀνομίας
and to c purify for Himself
καὶ καθαρίσῃ ἑαυτῷ
a d people for His own possession,
e zealous for good deeds.
ζηλωτὴν καλῶν ἔργων.
These things speak
So communicate these things with the sort of exhortation or rebuke 24 that carries full authority. 25 Don’t let anyone look down 26 on you.
and a exhort
and a reprove
with all 1 authority.
μετὰ πάσης ἐπιταγῆς•
b Let no one disregard you.
μηδείς σου περιφρονείτω.
He is going to give a explanation (The postpositive γὰρ (For) Conecting the argument with the past command to speak things that fit the sound doctrine
What is this relation? - Explanation, Jesus bring salvation by instructing us to.... - Result, Jesus saves us so that we are instructed - Progression, Jesus saved us then we are instructed - Manner, Jesus saved us by/trough ...
The grace of God (Jesus) Appeared to bring salvation by Instructing us to live properly and to live looking for his return as His holy people Therefore, (Titus and us) Had to t each with authority so that no one disregard you Idea The grace of God had saved us and teaching us to live properly and to look for His return as His holy people. Therefore, we have to teach these things with authority so that no one disregards us. Central Idea Paul explains Titus that because the grace of God appeared saving, instructing us in order to live holy, waiting for His return as His holy people, therefore he had to teach these things with authority, not being despised. Outline - The grace of God has appeared (What?) to bring salvation - Instructing us (How?) To not do this living this way Looking for the blessed hope and appearing of Glory Jesus who gave himself to purify us - These things speak, exhort, reprove (Why or Therefore?) with all authority so that you're not disregard Write a 2-page history of the book of Titus and place the writing in the larger chronology of Paul. - Pastoral epistles - Part of the details on the final stage of Paul's life. - Vigorous debate about writings and life exist - Because Acts closes with the death of Paul rather than the Roman imprisonment of Paul. - 64 to 67 AD (other elements that help us to make sense is the destruction of the temple AD 70) - He wrote Titus after writing 1 Timothy in the 62 after living Philippi, Ephesus, Crete, and Nicopolis - take a look on the map So it was from Nicopolis Lots of cross-references with 1 Timothy At this point, he will describe himself as the worst of the sinners