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Kevin Cathey
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Summary:  Paul warns against the gravity of false teachers who have led the Galatians to turn to a false gospel.
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Central idea: In order to stand firm in the Spirit, united in boldness with our Christian family, we...
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Central Idea: Because of our identity in Christ and our approval by His love, we are to love each ot...
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Central Idea: Our own deeds are nothing but detestable garbage in God's eyes, it is only because of ...
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view all (21 total)
God's Firm Foundation Stands
2 Timothy 2:14-19
Central idea: Strive to correctly handle the truth, and while some will be led astray, God's firm foundation will stand.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587927 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2011-08-30 09:26:18
2011-09-14 22:40:13
Central idea: Strive to correctly handle the truth, and while some will be led astray, God's firm foundation will stand. Summary: Paul starts by charging Timothy to avoid: (1) quarrels and (2) empty speech (talk with no truth), and to pursue being a worker of God who is not ashamed of who he works for, but in contrast to those spreading lies, correctly handles the Truth. Paul then gives an example of people that were not handling the word correctly, and who were quarreling and were full of "irreverent babble", leading others astray. But it doesn't stop with that sober note. Rather, Paul concludes the thought with verse 19: "But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: 'The Lord knows those who are His', and [or therefore], 'Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity'". Even though some are not handling the word of truth correctly and are leading others astray, God's foundation (which is Christ and the church, as we saw from the cross references) stands firm, immovable. As Colin pointed out, this emphasizes God's sovereignty. God's action is preserving His foundation. Then in v. 19b, we see the human responsibility: persevering , which we can pursue with the knowledge that the foundation on which we persevere is not going to be shaken. We see in v. 20-26 some more encouragement and charging for persevering. Questions: What is characterized by "irreverent babble" (v. 16a)? One word in the Greek: kenophonia. Used only twice, once in 1 Timothy, once in 2 Timothy. Compound word made up of: "kenos" — empty, vain, devoid of truth (appears 18 times in NT) "phönë" — language, talk, noise In verse 15, what is the approved worker not ashamed of? Same "ashamed" as elsewhere in 2 Timothy? What are the "these things" in v. 14? Pointing back to vv. 8-13? "Remember Jesus Christ…" What does it mean to quarrel about words? (v. 14) Very helpful cross reference, 1 Timothy 6:2b-5 : "Teach and urge these things. If anyone teaches a different doctrine and does not agree with the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching that accords with godliness, he is puffed up with conceit and understands nothing. He has an unhealthy craving for controversy and for quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction among people who are depraved in mind and deprived of the truth, imagining that godliness is a means of gain." Quarreling about words produces the following things: envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction Quarreling about words can indicate a deviation from the "sound words or our Lord Jesus Christ" and correct doctrine Quarreling about words comes from a conceited and foolish heart. Quarreling is the result of a "craving for controversy". What is the meaning of the two statements on God's foundation: "The Lord knows those who are His" - God's action of preservering Numbers 16:5 : "and he said to Korah and all his company, "In the morning the LORD will show(A) who is his, and who is(B) holy, and will bring him near to him. The one(C) whom he chooses he will(D) bring near to him." — Korah, a Levite, incited a rebellion against Moses, saying that they too should have priesthood. So Moses said Numbers 16:5. The next day, the Lord swallowed up Korah and all the others in the rebellion. Also sounds like Jesus explaining He is the good shepherd; John 10:14 : "I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me,"; John 10:27 : "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me." "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity" - our human responsibility of persevering Isaiah 26:13 : " O LORD our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us, but your name alone we bring to remembrance." Verse 15 ("Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved…") seems to be nestled in between "do not quarrel" and "avoid irreverent babble", both sections on words. What connection does verse 15 play? What does avoiding quarreling and irreverent babble mean to us? What does that teach us about Christ? What does it mean by "do you best" in v. 15? Notes: "irreverent babble" does two things: Leads to ungodliness (v. 16) Naturally results in being spread like a cancer (v. 17) Quarrelling has two negative results (v. 14): Doing no good. Ruining the hearers. "one approved" manifests itself in two ways: A worker who is not ashamed One who is able to "correctly explain the Word of truth" [NLT] "A worker who is not ashamed" in v. 15 continues the theme of being ashamed: 1:8a : "So never be ashamed to tell others about our Lord" 1:8b : "And don't be ashamed of me either" 1:12 : "But I am not ashamed of [suffering in prison | the Gospel]". He uses "it", what is "it"? 1:16 : "[Onesiphorus] was never ashamed of me because I was in chains." 2:15 : "Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who is not ashasmed, rightly handling the word of truth" Mark 8:38/Luke 9:26 : "If anyone is ashamed of me and my message in these adulterous and sinful days, the Son of Man will be ashamed of that person when He returns in the glory of His Father with the holy angels." Romans 1:16 : "For I am not ashamed of this Good News about Christ. It is the power of God at work, saving everyone who believes" Phillipians 1:20 : "For I fully expect that I will never be ashamed, and but I will continue to be bold for Christ, as I have been in the past." Hebrews 2:11 : "So now Jesus and the ones He makes holy have the same Father. That is why Jesus is not ashamed to call them His brothers and sisters." Hebrews 11:16 : "But they were looking for a better lace, a heavenly homeland. That is why God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them." What is the opposite of shame? Boldness. The concessive of v. 19 could either be: Direct response to v. 18 -- Even though they are upsetting the faith of some (v. 18), God's firm foundation stands More general response to 14b-18 -- Even though Timothy you might not handle the word of truth correctly and be unashamed always (v. 15), even though some will be led into ungodliness (v. 16b), even though falisy will spread (v. 17a), even though some have already swerved from the truth (v. 17b-18), even in spite of all of these things, God is sovereign and His foundation of Christ stands. "Therefore, let everyone who calls on the name of the Lord depart from iniquity"
10000000087812 87812 Notes 2011-08-30 09:26:18 2011-09-14 22:40:13 Central idea: Strive to correctly handle the truth, and while some will be led astray, God's firm foundation will stand. Summary: Paul starts by charging Timothy to avoid: (1) quarrels and (2) empty speech (talk with no truth), and to pursue being a worker of God who is not ashamed of who he works for, but in contrast to those spreading lies, correctly handles the Truth. Paul then gives an example of people that were not handling the word correctly, and who were quarreling and were full of "irreverent babble", leading others astray. But it doesn't stop with that sober note. Rather, Paul concludes the thought with verse 19: "But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: 'The Lord knows those who are His', and [or therefore], 'Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity'". Even though some are not handling the word of truth correctly and are leading others astray, God's foundation (which is Christ and the church, as we saw from the cross references) stands firm, immovable. As Colin pointed out, this emphasizes God's sovereignty. God's action is preserving His foundation. Then in v. 19b, we see the human responsibility: persevering , which we can pursue with the knowledge that the foundation on which we persevere is not going to be shaken. We see in v. 20-26 some more encouragement and charging for persevering. Questions: What is characterized by "irreverent babble" (v. 16a)? One word in the Greek: kenophonia. Used only twice, once in 1 Timothy, once in 2 Timothy. Compound word made up of: "kenos" — empty, vain, devoid of truth (appears 18 times in NT) "phönë" — language, talk, noise In verse 15, what is the approved worker not ashamed of? Same "ashamed" as elsewhere in 2 Timothy? What are the "these things" in v. 14? Pointing back to vv. 8-13? "Remember Jesus Christ…" What does it mean to quarrel about words? (v. 14) Very helpful cross reference, 1 Timothy 6:2b-5 : "Teach and urge these things. If anyone teaches a different doctrine and does not agree with the sound words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching that accords with godliness, he is puffed up with conceit and understands nothing. He has an unhealthy craving for controversy and for quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction among people who are depraved in mind and deprived of the truth, imagining that godliness is a means of gain." Quarreling about words produces the following things: envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, and constant friction Quarreling about words can indicate a deviation from the "sound words or our Lord Jesus Christ" and correct doctrine Quarreling about words comes from a conceited and foolish heart. Quarreling is the result of a "craving for controversy". What is the meaning of the two statements on God's foundation: "The Lord knows those who are His" - God's action of preservering Numbers 16:5 : "and he said to Korah and all his company, "In the morning the LORD will show(A) who is his, and who is(B) holy, and will bring him near to him. The one(C) whom he chooses he will(D) bring near to him." — Korah, a Levite, incited a rebellion against Moses, saying that they too should have priesthood. So Moses said Numbers 16:5. The next day, the Lord swallowed up Korah and all the others in the rebellion. Also sounds like Jesus explaining He is the good shepherd; John 10:14 : "I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me,"; John 10:27 : "My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me." "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity" - our human responsibility of persevering Isaiah 26:13 : " O LORD our God, other lords besides you have ruled over us, but your name alone we bring to remembrance." Verse 15 ("Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved…") seems to be nestled in between "do not quarrel" and "avoid irreverent babble", both sections on words. What connection does verse 15 play? What does avoiding quarreling and irreverent babble mean to us? What does that teach us about Christ? What does it mean by "do you best" in v. 15? Notes: "irreverent babble" does two things: Leads to ungodliness (v. 16) Naturally results in being spread like a cancer (v. 17) Quarrelling has two negative results (v. 14): Doing no good. Ruining the hearers. "one approved" manifests itself in two ways: A worker who is not ashamed One who is able to "correctly explain the Word of truth" [NLT] "A worker who is not ashamed" in v. 15 continues the theme of being ashamed: 1:8a : "So never be ashamed to tell others about our Lord" 1:8b : "And don't be ashamed of me either" 1:12 : "But I am not ashamed of [suffering in prison | the Gospel]". He uses "it", what is "it"? 1:16 : "[Onesiphorus] was never ashamed of me because I was in chains." 2:15 : "Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a worker who is not ashasmed, rightly handling the word of truth" Mark 8:38/Luke 9:26 : "If anyone is ashamed of me and my message in these adulterous and sinful days, the Son of Man will be ashamed of that person when He returns in the glory of His Father with the holy angels." Romans 1:16 : "For I am not ashamed of this Good News about Christ. It is the power of God at work, saving everyone who believes" Phillipians 1:20 : "For I fully expect that I will never be ashamed, and but I will continue to be bold for Christ, as I have been in the past." Hebrews 2:11 : "So now Jesus and the ones He makes holy have the same Father. That is why Jesus is not ashamed to call them His brothers and sisters." Hebrews 11:16 : "But they were looking for a better lace, a heavenly homeland. That is why God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them." What is the opposite of shame? Boldness. The concessive of v. 19 could either be: Direct response to v. 18 -- Even though they are upsetting the faith of some (v. 18), God's firm foundation stands More general response to 14b-18 -- Even though Timothy you might not handle the word of truth correctly and be unashamed always (v. 15), even though some will be led into ungodliness (v. 16b), even though falisy will spread (v. 17a), even though some have already swerved from the truth (v. 17b-18), even in spite of all of these things, God is sovereign and His foundation of Christ stands. "Therefore, let everyone who calls on the name of the Lord depart from iniquity" notes
Arc
2011-08-30 09:26:18
2011-09-14 22:40:13
editing
2 Timothy
2 Timothy 2:14-19
NT
esv
Remind them of these things,
and charge them before God not to quarrel about words,
which does no good,
but [futhermore] only ruins the hearers.
progression
actionresult
Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved,
a worker who has no need to be ashamed,
[and who] rightly handl[es] the word of truth.
series
ideaexplanation
But avoid irreverent babble,
[because] it will lead[s] people into more and more ungodliness,
and their talk will spread like gangrene.
ground
Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, who have swerved from the truth,
saying that the resurrection has already happened.
actionmanner
They are upsetting the faith of some.
But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: "The Lord knows those who are his,"
and [therefore], "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity."
concessive
inference
negativepositive
discourse
10000000087812 87812 Arc 2011-08-30 09:26:18 2011-09-14 22:40:13 editing 2 Timothy 2 14 2 19 2 Timothy 2:14-19 55 NT esv i621035 i621020 Remind them of these things, i621036 i621037 i621021 and charge them before God not to quarrel about words, i621038 i621022 which does no good, i621023 but [futhermore] only ruins the hearers. progression actionresult 2 i621039 i621040 i621024 Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, i621041 i621025 a worker who has no need to be ashamed, i621026 [and who] rightly handl[es] the word of truth. series ideaexplanation 1 i621042 i621043 i621027 But avoid irreverent babble, i621044 i621028 [because] it will lead[s] people into more and more ungodliness, i621029 and their talk will spread like gangrene. series ground 1 i621045 i621046 i621047 i621030 Among them are Hymenaeus and Philetus, who have swerved from the truth, i621031 saying that the resurrection has already happened. actionmanner 1 i621032 They are upsetting the faith of some. actionresult 2 i621048 i621033 But God's firm foundation stands, bearing this seal: "The Lord knows those who are his," i621034 and [therefore], "Let everyone who names the name of the Lord depart from iniquity." concessive 2 1 inference 2 progression negativepositive 2 1 ideaexplanation 1 progression 1 1 1 esv 25 a 50 discourse
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