They Added Nothing
Galatians 2:1-10
Overview This is Paul's second trip to Jerusalem after his conversion.
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680585666 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
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2011-08-19 12:26:25
2012-07-28 22:27:25
Overview This is Paul's second trip to Jerusalem after his conversion. This time there was a 14 year gap between seeing any other apostle and it looks like this trip was to test whether or not circumcision was to be done in addition to faith in Jesus Christ. Therefore, he took Titus (an uncircumcised greek) along with Barnabas. The conclusion? The apostles added nothing to the gospel that Paul was proclaiming. In fact, they gave him the right hand of fellowship in recognition of Paul's calling from God to preach the gospel to the Gentiles. Verse-by-Verse Commentary v.1 - 14 years! This was a long time for Paul to be preaching the gospel and then have the need to go back to Jerusalem. v. 2 - Here Paul tells us why he left his mission trip to go to Jerusalem - a revelation from God. God truly works in mysterious ways. Why would God seemingly plant some doubt in Paul's mind about circumcision? It appears that this created some circumstances that would be used later to defend the pure gospel truth (as Paul is doing here to the Galatians). v. 3 - Paul's doubting was relieved by the fact that Titus was not forced to be circumcised by the apostles in Jerusalem. v. 4 - Obviously some false believers had approached Paul and tried to get him to add circumcision as a requirement to the gospel. v. 5 - He did not submit to it for even a second. This was probably what created some doubt and Paul received the revelation from God to go to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus. Barnabas and Titus were Paul's 2 witnesses that was required for burden of proof. v. 6 - I have often read this verse as though Paul was saying that influential people did not impress him (added nothing to me). I believe it now to mean that the apostles added nothing to his gospel. I say this because the former meaning would not make sense with the following verses. v. 7 - "On the contrary" to what? To "adding" anything (i.e. circumcision) to Paul's gospel to the uncircumcised. Paul now compares his ministry with Peter's calling to the Hebrews (circumcised). This puts Paul on "equal footing" (apostleship) with Peter. v. 8 - God is the One who called Peter as well as Paul. v. 9 - Peter, James and John all recognized Paul's calling as an apostle to the Gentiles while they were called to the circumcised. v. 10 - As an "aside" Paul says that the other apostles did ask that he not forget the poor Christians in Jerusalem. This was already in Paul's heart to do! Outline I. Paul returns to Jerusalem (vv. 1-5) A. He takes Barnabas as well as Titus (v. 1) B. This trip is because of a revelation (v. 2) C. Paul's gospel is confirmed (vv. 3-5) 1. Titus was not forced to be circumcised 2. False believer's were trying to add circumcision to the gospel 3. They did not submit to them II. Paul's apostleship is affirmed (vv. 6-10) A. The apostles adding nothing to Paul's gospel (v. 6) B. On the contrary, they approved of his apostleship (v.7-10) Application Very simple application... we must strive to keep the gospel of God's grace pure of any legalism.
10000000087079 87079 Notes 2011-08-19 12:26:25 2012-07-28 22:27:25 Overview This is Paul's second trip to Jerusalem after his conversion. This time there was a 14 year gap between seeing any other apostle and it looks like this trip was to test whether or not circumcision was to be done in addition to faith in Jesus Christ. Therefore, he took Titus (an uncircumcised greek) along with Barnabas. The conclusion? The apostles added nothing to the gospel that Paul was proclaiming. In fact, they gave him the right hand of fellowship in recognition of Paul's calling from God to preach the gospel to the Gentiles. Verse-by-Verse Commentary v.1 - 14 years! This was a long time for Paul to be preaching the gospel and then have the need to go back to Jerusalem. v. 2 - Here Paul tells us why he left his mission trip to go to Jerusalem - a revelation from God. God truly works in mysterious ways. Why would God seemingly plant some doubt in Paul's mind about circumcision? It appears that this created some circumstances that would be used later to defend the pure gospel truth (as Paul is doing here to the Galatians). v. 3 - Paul's doubting was relieved by the fact that Titus was not forced to be circumcised by the apostles in Jerusalem. v. 4 - Obviously some false believers had approached Paul and tried to get him to add circumcision as a requirement to the gospel. v. 5 - He did not submit to it for even a second. This was probably what created some doubt and Paul received the revelation from God to go to Jerusalem with Barnabas and Titus. Barnabas and Titus were Paul's 2 witnesses that was required for burden of proof. v. 6 - I have often read this verse as though Paul was saying that influential people did not impress him (added nothing to me). I believe it now to mean that the apostles added nothing to his gospel. I say this because the former meaning would not make sense with the following verses. v. 7 - "On the contrary" to what? To "adding" anything (i.e. circumcision) to Paul's gospel to the uncircumcised. Paul now compares his ministry with Peter's calling to the Hebrews (circumcised). This puts Paul on "equal footing" (apostleship) with Peter. v. 8 - God is the One who called Peter as well as Paul. v. 9 - Peter, James and John all recognized Paul's calling as an apostle to the Gentiles while they were called to the circumcised. v. 10 - As an "aside" Paul says that the other apostles did ask that he not forget the poor Christians in Jerusalem. This was already in Paul's heart to do! Outline I. Paul returns to Jerusalem (vv. 1-5) A. He takes Barnabas as well as Titus (v. 1) B. This trip is because of a revelation (v. 2) C. Paul's gospel is confirmed (vv. 3-5) 1. Titus was not forced to be circumcised 2. False believer's were trying to add circumcision to the gospel 3. They did not submit to them II. Paul's apostleship is affirmed (vv. 6-10) A. The apostles adding nothing to Paul's gospel (v. 6) B. On the contrary, they approved of his apostleship (v.7-10) Application Very simple application... we must strive to keep the gospel of God's grace pure of any legalism. notes
Arc
2011-08-19 12:26:25
2012-07-28 22:19:09
editing
Galatians
Galatians 2:1-10
NT
esv
Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas,
taking Titus along with me.
progression
I went up because of a revelation
ground
and set before them (though privately before those who seemed influential) the gospel that I proclaim among the Gentiles,
in order to make sure I was not running or had not run in vain.
actionpurpose
But even Titus, who was with me, was not forced to be circumcised,
though he was a Greek.
concessive
Yet because of false brothers secretly brought in-- who slipped in to spy out our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus,
so that they might bring us into slavery--
to them we did not yield in submission even for a moment,
so that the truth of the gospel might be preserved for you.
And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)-- those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me.
On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised,
just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel to the circumcised
comparison
(for he who worked through Peter for his apostolic ministry to the circumcised worked also through me for mine to the Gentiles),
and when James and Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me,
series
they gave the right hand of fellowship to Barnabas and me,
that we should go to the Gentiles
and they to the circumcised.
Only, they asked us to remember the poor,
the very thing I was eager to do.
ideaexplanation
negativepositive
actionresult
discourse
10000000087079 87079 Arc 2011-08-19 12:26:25 2012-07-28 22:19:09 editing Galatians 2 1 2 10 Galatians 2:1-10 48 NT esv i91591 i91592 i91593 i91594 i91595 i91570 Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, i91571 taking Titus along with me. progression i91572 I went up because of a revelation ground 1 i91596 i91573 and set before them (though privately before those who seemed influential) the gospel that I proclaim among the Gentiles, i91574 in order to make sure I was not running or had not run in vain. actionpurpose 2 actionpurpose 2 i91597 i91598 i91575 But even Titus, who was with me, was not forced to be circumcised, i91576 though he was a Greek. concessive 2 1 i91599 i91600 i91577 Yet because of false brothers secretly brought in-- who slipped in to spy out our freedom that we have in Christ Jesus, i91578 so that they might bring us into slavery-- actionpurpose 2 i91601 i91579 to them we did not yield in submission even for a moment, i91580 so that the truth of the gospel might be preserved for you. actionpurpose 2 concessive 2 concessive 2 1 concessive 2 i91602 i91581 And from those who seemed to be influential (what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality)-- those, I say, who seemed influential added nothing to me. i91603 i91604 i91605 i91606 i91582 On the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised, i91583 just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel to the circumcised comparison 1 i91584 (for he who worked through Peter for his apostolic ministry to the circumcised worked also through me for mine to the Gentiles), ground 1 i91585 and when James and Cephas and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given to me, series i91607 i91586 they gave the right hand of fellowship to Barnabas and me, i91608 i91609 i91587 that we should go to the Gentiles i91588 and they to the circumcised. series i91610 i91589 Only, they asked us to remember the poor, i91590 the very thing I was eager to do. ideaexplanation 1 progression actionpurpose 2 negativepositive 2 actionresult 2 1 1 1 esv 25 a 50 discourse
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