Author
Luke Humphrey
User since 2008
Luke's published pages
The primary thing that I am seeing is that God is to be blessed because he predestined us.
Ephesians 1:3-10
We are predestined to obtain an inheritance.
Ephesians 1:11-14
Paul takes the opportunity to elaborate on the authority of Christ.
Ephesians 1:15-23
Though the grace that we have been given is not dependent upon our works, we are created for good works.
Ephesians 2:1-10
It seems to me that this entire passage is based upon unity in Christ.
Ephesians 2:11-22
This is a very peculiar paragraph of Ephesians.
Ephesians 3:1-6
This is a very peculiar paragraph of Ephesians.
Ephesians 3:1-13
I believe that the central idea of this text is the emphasis on the one true  gospel.
Galatians 1:1-10
This passage is really a demonstration of the superiority of the Son over the angels.
Hebrews 1:5-14
The revelation of God "in these last days" is  the person of Jesus Christ.
Hebrews 1:1-4
This entire passage is essentially an exposition of Psalm 95:7-11.
Hebrews 3:7-19
The inference here is that Jesus is the "builder" of Moses  --> This fits with chapter 1, th...
Hebrews 3:1-6
Why does Jesus directly go from referring to the temple as "my Father's house" to speaking about the...
John 2:13-25
The idea of striving seems to  be built upon the foundation of not yet attaining the rest that God has promised.
Hebrews 4:1-13
This was a very tricky passage for me to arc.
Hebrews 4:14-5:10
Ok, this is far and away the most difficult arc that I have ever done.
Hebrews 5:11-6:12
This passage gives us insight into the faithfulness of God and the hope that we have in the priestly character of Christ Jesus.
Hebrews 6:13-20
The author is relentless in showing that Jesus is superior to Levi.
Hebrews 7:11-28
  Seems to give narrative (vs.
Hebrews 7:1-10
The action of Christ is, once again, juxtaposed with the action of the high priest of the Levitical line.
Hebrews 9:11-14
The author really grounds his main points in the OT references.
Hebrews 8:1-13
Main point :             Disciples give gener...
Matthew 6:1-4
This passage seems to be an exposition of Jeremiah 31:33-34 in that it explains how  God writes...
Hebrews 10:8-18
19-25 and 26-31 express two possibilities: 1) You endure till the end as the day draws near.
Hebrews 10:19-39
Christ came into the world because God desired obedience and not simply sacrifice.
Hebrews 10:1-7
Questions concerning this arc: 1) Is there a progression in Paul's list of blessings in Christ? Atte...
Ephesians 1:3-14
Questions concerning this arc: 1)  What end does Paul hope to accomplish by telling the Ephesia...
Ephesians 1:15-23
Questions concerning this arc: 1) How does the mystery of the Gentiles being fellow heirs with the J...
Ephesians 3:1-13
view all (29 total)
God's Great Grace
Ephesians 2:1-10
Questions concerning this arc: 1) Why does Paul choose to use gar at the beginning of verse 10 if he...
Published June 1st, 2012
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This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680585543 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2012-02-06 11:34:46
2012-02-13 11:11:09
Questions concerning this arc: 1) Why does Paul choose to use gar at the beginning of verse 10 if he does not use this as a grounding clause? (i.e. what does the gar refer to?) O'Brien: "[God's salvation] is poken of as a new creation, and a further reason ( for ; cf v.8) is given why this salvation is not of human origin and therefore cannot be the basis for human boasting...These 'good works' cannot be the ground of our salvation or the subject of our boasting since they are the goal of the new creation." (178) Hoehner: "The conjunction gar , 'for' tells us why this salvation is not of human origin or by human works. The reason is that 'we' (recipients of salvation) are 'his' (God's) workmanship." (346) In light of these two comments, I think that it is proper to have the gar in verse 10 serve as a ground for verses 8-9, thus further emphasizing the fact that no one is able to boast about their salvation because it is all God's work. 2) What does the term "passions of our flesh" mean? After doing a word search in Accordance for the word epithumia in the Pauline Epistles, I found that all but two occurances of this word have a pejorative connotation. The two instances that do not have this negative connotation refer to Paul's great desire to see the recipients of the letter that he is sending. All of these other occurances of this word in Paul's letters come with attachment to the sinful world or sinful flesh, etc. Paul seems to use epithumia in a way to contrast what the regenerated and redeemed believers are supposed to be "desiring." The "lusts" or "passions" or "desires" of our flesh are part of the man who was dead and are not fitting for those who have been made alive in Christ. 3) What does the phrase "the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience" mean? Is this referring to a spirit (abstract) of hostility or is it referring to a demonic force (concrete)? My initial thought is that this is specifically referring to Satan who is the god of this world. The main verse that I draw upon in this interpretation is 2 Cor. 4:4 which states: “In [the unbelievers'] case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God." This is real power that Satan has in this world and I think we run the risk of ignoring that our battle is not against flesh and blood (an allusion to the theme drawn upon later in Ephesians) if we de-personalize this spirit. Interestingly enough, the NET takes the genitive to mean that this should be translated "(the ruler) of the spirit who is now working" thus taking the ruler to be the ruler of the authority of the air and the ruler of the spirit now working. However, Peter O'Brien believes that the genitive should be taken as a genitive of apposition to "the ruler" (see the footnote on pg. 160). O'Brien: "Those outside of Christ are not only subject to the pervasive bondage of the present evil age; they are also inspired and empowered by personal evil forces. Paul depicts the second hostile influence as a powerful supernatural being who rules over this host of evil spirits...In his profound analysis of the human condition the apostle has described the character of the pre-Christian life from three different perspectives - the world (v.2), the devil (v.2) and the flesh (v.3)." (159, 163)
10000000103864 103864 Notes 2012-02-06 11:34:46 2012-02-13 11:11:09 Questions concerning this arc: 1) Why does Paul choose to use gar at the beginning of verse 10 if he does not use this as a grounding clause? (i.e. what does the gar refer to?) O'Brien: "[God's salvation] is poken of as a new creation, and a further reason ( for ; cf v.8) is given why this salvation is not of human origin and therefore cannot be the basis for human boasting...These 'good works' cannot be the ground of our salvation or the subject of our boasting since they are the goal of the new creation." (178) Hoehner: "The conjunction gar , 'for' tells us why this salvation is not of human origin or by human works. The reason is that 'we' (recipients of salvation) are 'his' (God's) workmanship." (346) In light of these two comments, I think that it is proper to have the gar in verse 10 serve as a ground for verses 8-9, thus further emphasizing the fact that no one is able to boast about their salvation because it is all God's work. 2) What does the term "passions of our flesh" mean? After doing a word search in Accordance for the word epithumia in the Pauline Epistles, I found that all but two occurances of this word have a pejorative connotation. The two instances that do not have this negative connotation refer to Paul's great desire to see the recipients of the letter that he is sending. All of these other occurances of this word in Paul's letters come with attachment to the sinful world or sinful flesh, etc. Paul seems to use epithumia in a way to contrast what the regenerated and redeemed believers are supposed to be "desiring." The "lusts" or "passions" or "desires" of our flesh are part of the man who was dead and are not fitting for those who have been made alive in Christ. 3) What does the phrase "the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience" mean? Is this referring to a spirit (abstract) of hostility or is it referring to a demonic force (concrete)? My initial thought is that this is specifically referring to Satan who is the god of this world. The main verse that I draw upon in this interpretation is 2 Cor. 4:4 which states: “In [the unbelievers'] case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God." This is real power that Satan has in this world and I think we run the risk of ignoring that our battle is not against flesh and blood (an allusion to the theme drawn upon later in Ephesians) if we de-personalize this spirit. Interestingly enough, the NET takes the genitive to mean that this should be translated "(the ruler) of the spirit who is now working" thus taking the ruler to be the ruler of the authority of the air and the ruler of the spirit now working. However, Peter O'Brien believes that the genitive should be taken as a genitive of apposition to "the ruler" (see the footnote on pg. 160). O'Brien: "Those outside of Christ are not only subject to the pervasive bondage of the present evil age; they are also inspired and empowered by personal evil forces. Paul depicts the second hostile influence as a powerful supernatural being who rules over this host of evil spirits...In his profound analysis of the human condition the apostle has described the character of the pre-Christian life from three different perspectives - the world (v.2), the devil (v.2) and the flesh (v.3)." (159, 163) notes
Arc
2012-02-06 11:34:46
2012-02-13 11:11:09
editing
Ephesians
Ephesians 2:1-10
NT
na27
mine
Καὶ ὑμᾶς ὄντας νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν καὶ ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν, ἐν αἷς ποτε περιεπατήσατε
And you being dead in your trespasses and sins in which you formerly walked
κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου,
(you walked in this manner) according to the age of this world,
κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος,
(and you walked) according to the ruler of the authority of the air
τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας•
(namely, this ruler is) the spirit the one now working in the sons of disobedience
ἐν οἷς καὶ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἀνεστράφημέν ποτε ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν
among whom also we all formerly lived in the passions of our flesh
ποιοῦντες τὰ θελήματα τῆς σαρκὸς καὶ τῶν διανοιῶν,
(we lived in this manner by) doing the desires of the body and the mind,
actionmanner
καὶ ἤμεθα τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς
and (this living is grounded in the fact that) we are by nature children of wrath
ὡς καὶ οἱ λοιποί•
like also the rest
comparison
ground
temporal
ideaexplanation
series
ὁ δὲ θεὸς πλούσιος ὢν ἐν ἐλέει,
But God being rich in mercy,
διὰ τὴν πολλὴν ἀγάπην αὐτοῦ ἣν ἠγάπησεν ἡμᾶς,
on account of his many love with which he loved us,
καὶ ὄντας ἡμᾶς νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν
even (conversely) we being dead in trespasses
συνεζωοποίησεν τῷ Χριστῷ,
(God, grounding this act in his rich mercy) made us alive together in Christ,
- χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι -
- (from this we infer that) by grace you have been saved -
καὶ συνήγειρεν
and (after making us alive) he raised us
καὶ συνεκάθισεν ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ,
and (after raising us) he seated us in the heavenlies in Christ Jesus,
concessive
inference
ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸ ὑπερβάλλον πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ.
so that he might show in the age the coming one the surpassing wealth of his grace in gentleness upon us in Christ Jesus
actionpurpose
Τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως•
For (grounding this passage in the salvific process) by grace you are saved through faith
καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν,
(inferring that this is grace) and this is not from you,
θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον•
gift of God (it is)
negativepositive
οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων, ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται.
not from works, in order that no one may boast.
αὐτοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν ποίημα,
For (the result of this is that) we are his workmanship,
κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς
having been created in Christ Jesus for good works
οἷς προητοίμασεν ὁ θεός,
which God prepared beforehand,
ἵνα ἐν αὐτοῖς περιπατήσωμεν.
so that in them we might walk.
situationresponse
na27
discourse
10000000103864 103864 Arc 2012-02-06 11:34:46 2012-02-13 11:11:09 editing Ephesians 2 1 2 10 Ephesians 2:1-10 49 NT na27 mine i60495 i60496 i60471 Καὶ ὑμᾶς ὄντας νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν καὶ ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ὑμῶν, ἐν αἷς ποτε περιεπατήσατε And you being dead in your trespasses and sins in which you formerly walked i60497 i60472 κατὰ τὸν αἰῶνα τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, (you walked in this manner) according to the age of this world, i60498 i60473 κατὰ τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος, (and you walked) according to the ruler of the authority of the air i60499 i60474 τοῦ πνεύματος τοῦ νῦν ἐνεργοῦντος ἐν τοῖς υἱοῖς τῆς ἀπειθείας• (namely, this ruler is) the spirit the one now working in the sons of disobedience i60500 i60501 i60475 ἐν οἷς καὶ ἡμεῖς πάντες ἀνεστράφημέν ποτε ἐν ταῖς ἐπιθυμίαις τῆς σαρκὸς ἡμῶν among whom also we all formerly lived in the passions of our flesh i60476 ποιοῦντες τὰ θελήματα τῆς σαρκὸς καὶ τῶν διανοιῶν, (we lived in this manner by) doing the desires of the body and the mind, actionmanner 1 i60502 i60477 καὶ ἤμεθα τέκνα φύσει ὀργῆς and (this living is grounded in the fact that) we are by nature children of wrath i60478 ὡς καὶ οἱ λοιποί• like also the rest comparison 1 ground 1 temporal 1 ideaexplanation 1 series actionmanner 1 i60503 i60504 i60505 i60506 i60479 ὁ δὲ θεὸς πλούσιος ὢν ἐν ἐλέει, But God being rich in mercy, i60480 διὰ τὴν πολλὴν ἀγάπην αὐτοῦ ἣν ἠγάπησεν ἡμᾶς, on account of his many love with which he loved us, ground 1 i60507 i60481 καὶ ὄντας ἡμᾶς νεκροὺς τοῖς παραπτώμασιν even (conversely) we being dead in trespasses i60508 i60509 i60482 συνεζωοποίησεν τῷ Χριστῷ, (God, grounding this act in his rich mercy) made us alive together in Christ, i60483 - χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι - - (from this we infer that) by grace you have been saved - ground 1 i60484 καὶ συνήγειρεν and (after making us alive) he raised us i60485 καὶ συνεκάθισεν ἐν τοῖς ἐπουρανίοις ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ, and (after raising us) he seated us in the heavenlies in Christ Jesus, concessive 2 inference 2 i60486 ἵνα ἐνδείξηται ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσιν τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις τὸ ὑπερβάλλον πλοῦτος τῆς χάριτος αὐτοῦ ἐν χρηστότητι ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ. so that he might show in the age the coming one the surpassing wealth of his grace in gentleness upon us in Christ Jesus actionpurpose 2 i60510 i60511 i60487 Τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως• For (grounding this passage in the salvific process) by grace you are saved through faith i60512 i60513 i60488 καὶ τοῦτο οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν, (inferring that this is grace) and this is not from you, i60489 θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον• gift of God (it is) negativepositive 2 i60490 οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων, ἵνα μή τις καυχήσηται. not from works, in order that no one may boast. ideaexplanation 1 inference 2 i60514 i60491 αὐτοῦ γάρ ἐσμεν ποίημα, For (the result of this is that) we are his workmanship, i60515 i60492 κτισθέντες ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ ἐπὶ ἔργοις ἀγαθοῖς having been created in Christ Jesus for good works i60516 i60493 οἷς προητοίμασεν ὁ θεός, which God prepared beforehand, i60494 ἵνα ἐν αὐτοῖς περιπατήσωμεν. so that in them we might walk. actionpurpose 2 ideaexplanation 1 ideaexplanation 1 ground 1 ground 1 situationresponse 2 1 1 1 na27 25 mine 25 a 50 discourse
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Disclaimer: The opinions and conclusions expressed on this page are those of the author and may or may not accord with the positions of Biblearc or Bethlehem College & Seminary.