Author
Marcus Leman
User since 2009
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Arc.
Jeremiah 31:31-34
Passage Commentary : This two part psalm of ascent has long been a prayer of mine.
Psalms 126:1-6
Passage Commentary : Perhaps I've overdone it, perhaps I've read into the text, but there seems to b...
Mark 4:13-20
Passage Commentary:: (soon to follow) Arc Commentary:: One of the clearest and most important relati...
Ephesians 1:3-14
Passage Commentary :: The concessive at the beginning of this passage has tremendous weight for inte...
Deuteronomy 17:14-20
Passage Commentary :: The two Ac/Pur clauses make clear the main point of this passage.
Ephesians 1:15-23
Passage Commentary :: A little context might help us here.
Exodus 20:20
Passage Commentary :: The logic of this passage relates in two main ways.
Ephesians 2:1-10
Passage Commentary :: Paul is entering into a prayer of intercession to wrap up the massive theology he's presented in ch.
Ephesians 3:14-21
Passage Commentary :: This is a powerful passage about God's reconciling work rooted in the peace-ma...
Ephesians 2:11-22
Passage Commentary :: Paul's desire in this passage seems to be two-fold.
Ephesians 3:1-13
A
Ephesians 4:25-5:2
Passage Commentary :: The main point of this passage is that believers are not to conduct themselves...
Ephesians 4:17-24
A
Ephesians 5:22-33
Arc Commentary :: There are two main units in this passage: vv.
Ephesians 6:1-9
Arc Commentary :: The major contour of this passage are two command/explanations grounded in a single truth that the days are evil.
Ephesians 5:15-21
A
Ephesians 5:3-14
A
Ephesians 6:10-20
Arc Commentary :: This passage breaks nicely into two larger sections: vv.
Ephesians 6:21-24
Exegetical Questions 1) How shall we best translate the datives of v.
Romans 9:1-5
1) Is the ὁτι in
Romans 9:6-13
As I'm currently understanding this passage, the core reason why God is righteous is that He works a...
Romans 9:14-18
Exegetical Questions 1) How is the argument functioning between vv.
Romans 9:19-23
    Text Critical Notes v.
Romans 9:24-29
[
Romans 9:30-33
An Attempt at Capturing the Sense of the Arc :: "Brothers, (in light of Israel's massive rejection o...
Romans 10:1-4
(
Romans 10:5-13
Main Idea :: Paul is still unpacking his desire to see Israelites come to their Messiah back in 10:1.
Romans 10:14-21
Main Idea :: Paul's main question of concern in this unit, having just quote some scathing scripture...
Romans 11:1-6
Main Idea :: v.
Romans 11:7-10
Main Idea :: I see the central thrust of this unit coming out most clearly in v.
Romans 11:11-16
Main Idea :: The central point Paul is making in this passage is found in v.
Romans 11:16-24
MAIN POINT :: vv.
Romans 11:25-32
Main Point :: God's riches, wisdom, and knowledge are deep beyond comprehension ultimately because e...
Romans 11:33-36
God-dependent yields a gospel-displaying life.
Deuteronomy 4:5-8
Main Purpose: To lay a foundational paradigm in which Israel should live out love to YHWH, the supreme and only God.
Deuteronomy 6:4-9
Main Purpose : To illustrate the way in which parents should instruct their children in the purpose of the commandments.
Deuteronomy 6:20-25
Main Purpose: This passage is given to warn the people of Israel against temptations that are sure t...
Deuteronomy 6:10-19
Exegetical Outline Main Purpose: YHWH promises to bless Israel and clear away their enemies, but it ...
Deuteronomy 7:12-26
Main Purpose : Giving an illustration of the third unit of the שׁמע, this unit seeks to give clea...
Deuteronomy 7:1-11
Main Purpose: To offer Israel a warning, motivation, and means for dealing with the deadly temptations of experiencing bounty.
Deuteronomy 8:7-20
Main Purpose : To aid in the present generation maintaining fidelity to the covenant, Moses motivate...
Deuteronomy 8:1-6
The main point of the text is made emphatically and repetitiously in v.
Deuteronomy 16:18-20
Two main charges are given in this text: -Israel must only choose a King from among their brothers (Israel) whom God has appointed to lead.
Deuteronomy 17:14-17
Main Point :: Israel (the first generation) did not receive the ability to perceive the truth about ...
Deuteronomy 29:2-6
Main Point :: In keeping with the foundation of this covenant, YHWH will lead Israel and they will be careful to follow his lead.
Deuteronomy 26:16-19
Main Point :: YHWH will raise up another prophet like Moses who will speak the very words of YHWH; t...
Deuteronomy 18:15-19
The main point of this greater text, though 30:1-10 should be included, is that Moses is giving thes...
Deuteronomy 30:11-20
view all (49 total)
Diversity Building Unity
Ephesians 4:1-16
Passage Commentary :: This whole unit, perhaps even ch.
Published June 1st, 2012
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Disclaimer
This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
notes 1452680587075 Disclaimer This page was automatically converted from a module that was shared prior to the release of Published Pages. Additionally, the arc below was auto-converted from the arc created by the author (which used the old module), and so it is possible there are misplaced logical relationships.
Notes
2010-03-26 17:31:00
2010-05-26 15:19:41
Passage Commentary :: This whole unit, perhaps even ch. 4-6, is inferential from the theology expounded in ch. 1-3. On the basis of God's objective and powerful work in Christ and through the Spirit we must live lives worthy of such a calling. The main relationship within this unit I am taking as Id/Exp. There are too many nuances in the second section to give it any clear relationship to the original command. It tells us that God's given gifts to help maintain this unity. Then it tells us where the gifts come from, what they look like, and what purpose they are given for so that by the end we come full circle with another command, "let us grow" (v.15). For the body to maintain its unity it must pursue the growth of the whole body, mutual edification! (For now other insights can be gleaned from the sticky notes) Arc Commentary :: Though many of the arcing relationships are self-explanatory, there were numerous occasions which required an interpretive decision to arc. The most clear places this is seen is v.4, 9-10, & 14d-e. Notes on Ps. 68:18 :: (see v.8) I find this explanation in the Beale/Carson commentary helpful in pointing us to the main theme of the psalm and of this climactic quote from it. This main theme is the power of God routing his enemies and ascending to the place of supreme honor. In this place of honor he “receives” gifts among men, otherwise known as spoils of war, plunder, tribute. Well, let’s turn the table now and ask some questions as to Paul’s legitimacy in changing “you received” to “he gave”. First, who are these enemies? It seems clear from Paul’s letter that the enemies are not Canaanites any longer but spiritual powers holding the world in bondage to sin and death! Second, what is this plunder? It seems clear that it is no longer physical wealth but wealth of souls. That which the enemy held captive, that has God plundered in Christ! Third, if the captives are also the plunder then what is it God would receive? It seems clear that from the rest of Paul’s argument in the text, God would receive mature believers, transformed sinners, sanctified saints! To do this he must not merely receive them but give to them! This is an insertion into the flow of the text: conquest - receiving; conquest - transformation - receiving. It still moves from “ascending in triumph” to “receiving gifts” but God must do something else before receiving these soul-gifts. Hence we see Paul’s transition of thought. Since the tribute is not merely inanimate physical wealth but a living wealth of souls, God would receive them in a certain manner. So, the triumph of Christ over these powers has set the captives free, and now before receiving them he would have them conformed to the image of the Conqueror, Christ! Thus, the giving of these “gifts” is in line with receiving the plunder, namely - sanctified and mature men and women of faith! So, YES, Paul changed the text. But the changes he made are not out of line with the original theme of the text (climactic ascension in victory) and not dismissing the ultimate conclusion of the text (receiving gifts), rather he inserts a very significant interpretive step owing to the fact that this is no longer “Old Covenant” warfare and plunder but “New Covenant” combat and spoils of war. In other words, trophies of grace that he has won and now is fashioning into a more pristine reflection of the Conqueror himself!
10000000031198 31198 Notes 2010-03-26 17:31:00 2010-05-26 15:19:41 Passage Commentary :: This whole unit, perhaps even ch. 4-6, is inferential from the theology expounded in ch. 1-3. On the basis of God's objective and powerful work in Christ and through the Spirit we must live lives worthy of such a calling. The main relationship within this unit I am taking as Id/Exp. There are too many nuances in the second section to give it any clear relationship to the original command. It tells us that God's given gifts to help maintain this unity. Then it tells us where the gifts come from, what they look like, and what purpose they are given for so that by the end we come full circle with another command, "let us grow" (v.15). For the body to maintain its unity it must pursue the growth of the whole body, mutual edification! (For now other insights can be gleaned from the sticky notes) Arc Commentary :: Though many of the arcing relationships are self-explanatory, there were numerous occasions which required an interpretive decision to arc. The most clear places this is seen is v.4, 9-10, & 14d-e. Notes on Ps. 68:18 :: (see v.8) I find this explanation in the Beale/Carson commentary helpful in pointing us to the main theme of the psalm and of this climactic quote from it. This main theme is the power of God routing his enemies and ascending to the place of supreme honor. In this place of honor he “receives” gifts among men, otherwise known as spoils of war, plunder, tribute. Well, let’s turn the table now and ask some questions as to Paul’s legitimacy in changing “you received” to “he gave”. First, who are these enemies? It seems clear from Paul’s letter that the enemies are not Canaanites any longer but spiritual powers holding the world in bondage to sin and death! Second, what is this plunder? It seems clear that it is no longer physical wealth but wealth of souls. That which the enemy held captive, that has God plundered in Christ! Third, if the captives are also the plunder then what is it God would receive? It seems clear that from the rest of Paul’s argument in the text, God would receive mature believers, transformed sinners, sanctified saints! To do this he must not merely receive them but give to them! This is an insertion into the flow of the text: conquest - receiving; conquest - transformation - receiving. It still moves from “ascending in triumph” to “receiving gifts” but God must do something else before receiving these soul-gifts. Hence we see Paul’s transition of thought. Since the tribute is not merely inanimate physical wealth but a living wealth of souls, God would receive them in a certain manner. So, the triumph of Christ over these powers has set the captives free, and now before receiving them he would have them conformed to the image of the Conqueror, Christ! Thus, the giving of these “gifts” is in line with receiving the plunder, namely - sanctified and mature men and women of faith! So, YES, Paul changed the text. But the changes he made are not out of line with the original theme of the text (climactic ascension in victory) and not dismissing the ultimate conclusion of the text (receiving gifts), rather he inserts a very significant interpretive step owing to the fact that this is no longer “Old Covenant” warfare and plunder but “New Covenant” combat and spoils of war. In other words, trophies of grace that he has won and now is fashioning into a more pristine reflection of the Conqueror himself! notes
Arc
2010-03-26 17:31:00
2010-05-26 15:19:41
editing
Ephesians
Ephesians 4:1-16
NT
tisch
mine
Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς ἐγὼ ὁ δέσμιος ἐν κυρίῳ ἀξίως περιπατῆσαι τῆς κλήσεως ἧς ἐκλήθητε,
Therefore I, a prisoner in the Lord, exhort you to walk worthily of the calling with which you were called,
μετὰ πάσης ταπεινοφροσύνης καὶ πραΰτητος, μετὰ μακροθυμίας, ἀνεχόμενοι ἀλλήλων ἐν ἀγάπῃ,
with all humble-mindedness and meekness, with patience, bearing with one another in love,
σπουδάζοντες τηρεῖν τὴν ἑνότητα τοῦ πνεύματος ἐν τῷ συνδέσμῳ τῆς εἰρήνης·
striving to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace;
series
actionmanner
ἓν σῶμα καὶ ἓν πνεῦμα,
[ Because ] (there is) one body and one Spirit ,
καθὼς καὶ ἐκλήθητε ἐν μιᾷ ἐλπίδι τῆς κλήσεως ὑμῶν·
even as you were called in one hope of your calling;
comparison
εἷς κύριος, μία πίστις, ἓν βάπτισμα·
one Lord , one faith, one baptism;
εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων, ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων καὶ ἐν πᾶσιν.
one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.
ground
ἑνὶ δὲ ἑκάστῳ ἡμῶν ἐδόθη ἡ χάρις κατὰ τὸ μέτρον τῆς δωρεᾶς τοῦ Χριστοῦ.
And to each one of us was given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ.
διὸ λέγει, ἀναβὰς εἰς ὕψος ᾐχμαλώτευσεν αἰχμαλωσίαν,
For this reason it says, Ascending into the height he led captive captivity,
ἔδωκεν δόματα τοῖς ἀνθρώποις.
he gave gifts to men.
τὸ δὲ ἀνέβη τί ἐστιν
Now, what is it that he ascended // [Now, if he ascended]
εἰ μὴ ὅτι καὶ κατέβη εἰς τὰ κατώτερα μέρη τῆς γῆς;
if not also that he descended in the lower parts of the earth? // [ then he also must have descended...]
conditional
ὁ καταβὰς αὐτός ἐστιν καὶ ὁ ἀναβὰς ὑπεράνω πάντων τῶν οὐρανῶν,
The one who descended he is the one who ascended far above all of the heavens,
ἵνα πληρώσῃ τὰ πάντα.
in order that he might fulfill all things.
actionpurpose
ideaexplanation
inference
καὶ αὐτὸς ἔδωκεν τοὺς μὲν ἀποστόλους, τοὺς δὲ προφήτας, τοὺς δὲ εὐαγγελιστάς, τοὺς δὲ ποιμένας καὶ διδασκάλους,
And he (Christ) indeed gave the apostles, and the prophets, and the evangelists, and the pastors and/even teachers,
πρὸς τὸν καταρτισμὸν τῶν ἁγίων
for the equipping of the saints
εἰς ἔργον διακονίας, εἰς οἰκοδομὴν τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ,
unto works of service, unto the building up of the body of Christ,
μέχρι καταντήσωμεν οἱ πάντες εἰς τὴν ἑνότητα τῆς πίστεως καὶ τῆς ἐπιγνώσεως τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ,
until we all attain unto the unity of the faith and the knowledge of the son of God,
εἰς ἄνδρα τέλειον, εἰς μέτρον ἡλικίας τοῦ πληρώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ,
unto the full grown man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ,
ἵνα μηκέτι ὦμεν νήπιοι,
i n order that we might no longer be children,
κλυδωνιζόμενοι
being tossed about
καὶ περιφερόμενοι παντὶ ἀνέμῳ τῆς διδασκαλίας
and blow about by every wind of teaching
ἐν τῇ κυβίᾳ τῶν ἀνθρώπων
in the trickery of men,
ἐν πανουργίᾳ πρὸς τὴν μεθοδίαν τῆς πλάνης
in the cunning due to the scheming of deceit.
ἀληθεύοντες δὲ ἐν ἀγάπῃ
But speaking the truth in love
αὐξήσωμεν εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα, ὅς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλή, Χριστός,
[we might] grow into him [concerning] all things, who is the head, Christ,
ἐξ οὗ πᾶν τὸ σῶμα... τὴν αὔξησιν τοῦ σώματος ποιεῖται εἰς οἰκοδομὴν αὐτοῦ ἐν ἀγάπῃ.
from whom the whole body... accomplishes the growth of the body unto the upbuilding of itself in love.
...συναρμολογούμενον καὶ συνβιβαζόμενον διὰ πάσης ἁφῆς τῆς ἐπιχορηγίας κατ’ ἐνέργειαν ἐν μέτρῳ ἑνὸς ἑκάστου μέρους...
...being fitted and held together through every joint of supply according to the working in measure of each individual part...
negativepositive
discourse
10000000031198 31198 Arc 2010-03-26 17:31:00 2010-05-26 15:19:41 editing Ephesians 4 1 4 16 Ephesians 4:1-16 49 NT tisch mine i387622 i387623 i387624 i387594 Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς ἐγὼ ὁ δέσμιος ἐν κυρίῳ ἀξίως περιπατῆσαι τῆς κλήσεως ἧς ἐκλήθητε, Therefore I, a prisoner in the Lord, exhort you to walk worthily of the calling with which you were called, i387625 i387595 μετὰ πάσης ταπεινοφροσύνης καὶ πραΰτητος, μετὰ μακροθυμίας, ἀνεχόμενοι ἀλλήλων ἐν ἀγάπῃ, with all humble-mindedness and meekness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, i387596 σπουδάζοντες τηρεῖν τὴν ἑνότητα τοῦ πνεύματος ἐν τῷ συνδέσμῳ τῆς εἰρήνης· striving to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace; series actionmanner 1 i387626 i387627 i387597 ἓν σῶμα καὶ ἓν πνεῦμα, [ Because ] (there is) one body and one Spirit , i387598 καθὼς καὶ ἐκλήθητε ἐν μιᾷ ἐλπίδι τῆς κλήσεως ὑμῶν· even as you were called in one hope of your calling; comparison 1 i387599 εἷς κύριος, μία πίστις, ἓν βάπτισμα· one Lord , one faith, one baptism; i387600 εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων, ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων καὶ ἐν πᾶσιν. one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. series ground 1 i387628 i387629 i387601 ἑνὶ δὲ ἑκάστῳ ἡμῶν ἐδόθη ἡ χάρις κατὰ τὸ μέτρον τῆς δωρεᾶς τοῦ Χριστοῦ. And to each one of us was given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. i387630 i387631 i387602 διὸ λέγει, ἀναβὰς εἰς ὕψος ᾐχμαλώτευσεν αἰχμαλωσίαν, For this reason it says, Ascending into the height he led captive captivity, i387603 ἔδωκεν δόματα τοῖς ἀνθρώποις. he gave gifts to men. series i387632 i387633 i387604 τὸ δὲ ἀνέβη τί ἐστιν Now, what is it that he ascended // [Now, if he ascended] i387605 εἰ μὴ ὅτι καὶ κατέβη εἰς τὰ κατώτερα μέρη τῆς γῆς; if not also that he descended in the lower parts of the earth? // [ then he also must have descended...] conditional 2 i387634 i387606 ὁ καταβὰς αὐτός ἐστιν καὶ ὁ ἀναβὰς ὑπεράνω πάντων τῶν οὐρανῶν, The one who descended he is the one who ascended far above all of the heavens, i387607 ἵνα πληρώσῃ τὰ πάντα. in order that he might fulfill all things. actionpurpose 2 ground 1 ideaexplanation 1 inference 2 i387635 i387636 i387637 i387638 i387608 καὶ αὐτὸς ἔδωκεν τοὺς μὲν ἀποστόλους, τοὺς δὲ προφήτας, τοὺς δὲ εὐαγγελιστάς, τοὺς δὲ ποιμένας καὶ διδασκάλους, And he (Christ) indeed gave the apostles, and the prophets, and the evangelists, and the pastors and/even teachers, i387609 πρὸς τὸν καταρτισμὸν τῶν ἁγίων for the equipping of the saints actionpurpose 2 i387610 εἰς ἔργον διακονίας, εἰς οἰκοδομὴν τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ, unto works of service, unto the building up of the body of Christ, actionpurpose 2 i387639 i387611 μέχρι καταντήσωμεν οἱ πάντες εἰς τὴν ἑνότητα τῆς πίστεως καὶ τῆς ἐπιγνώσεως τοῦ υἱοῦ τοῦ θεοῦ, until we all attain unto the unity of the faith and the knowledge of the son of God, i387612 εἰς ἄνδρα τέλειον, εἰς μέτρον ἡλικίας τοῦ πληρώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ, unto the full grown man, unto the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ, ideaexplanation 1 actionpurpose 2 i387640 i387641 i387613 ἵνα μηκέτι ὦμεν νήπιοι, i n order that we might no longer be children, i387642 i387643 i387614 κλυδωνιζόμενοι being tossed about i387615 καὶ περιφερόμενοι παντὶ ἀνέμῳ τῆς διδασκαλίας and blow about by every wind of teaching series i387644 i387616 ἐν τῇ κυβίᾳ τῶν ἀνθρώπων in the trickery of men, i387617 ἐν πανουργίᾳ πρὸς τὴν μεθοδίαν τῆς πλάνης in the cunning due to the scheming of deceit. ideaexplanation 1 ideaexplanation 1 i387645 i387646 i387618 ἀληθεύοντες δὲ ἐν ἀγάπῃ But speaking the truth in love i387619 αὐξήσωμεν εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα, ὅς ἐστιν ἡ κεφαλή, Χριστός, [we might] grow into him [concerning] all things, who is the head, Christ, actionmanner 1 1 i387647 i387620 ἐξ οὗ πᾶν τὸ σῶμα... τὴν αὔξησιν τοῦ σώματος ποιεῖται εἰς οἰκοδομὴν αὐτοῦ ἐν ἀγάπῃ. from whom the whole body... accomplishes the growth of the body unto the upbuilding of itself in love. i387621 ...συναρμολογούμενον καὶ συνβιβαζόμενον διὰ πάσης ἁφῆς τῆς ἐπιχορηγίας κατ’ ἐνέργειαν ἐν μέτρῳ ἑνὸς ἑκάστου μέρους... ...being fitted and held together through every joint of supply according to the working in measure of each individual part... actionmanner 1 ideaexplanation 1 negativepositive 2 actionpurpose 2 ideaexplanation 1 ideaexplanation 1 1 1 1 tisch 25 mine 25 a 50 discourse
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