Main point summary
The depth of God's riches, wisdom, and knowledge are decisively revealed in his unfathomable judgments and unsearchable ways. Because God's judgments and ways are from God and through God and to God, he is the only one worthy of glory forever and ever, amen.
῏Ω βάθος πλούτου καὶ σοφίας καὶ γνώσεως θεοῦ•
Oh, the depth of the riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God
ὡς ἀνεξεραύνητα τὰ κρίματα αὐτοῦ
is like his unfathomable judgments
καὶ ἀνεξιχνίαστοι αἱ ὁδοὶ αὐτοῦ.
and his unsearchable ways,
τίς γὰρ ἔγνω νοῦν κυρίου;
for who knew the mind of the Lord,
ἢ τίς σύμβουλος αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο;
or who became his advisor,
ἢ τίς προέδωκεν αὐτῷ,
or who gave to him beforehand
καὶ ἀνταποδοθήσεται αὐτῷ;
and it will be repaid to him?
ὅτι ἐξ αὐτοῦ καὶ διʼ αὐτοῦ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα•
because from him and through him and unto him are all things.
αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας, ἀμήν.
The glory is to him into the ages, amen.
Translation Oh, the depth of the riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of God is like his unfathomable judgments and his unsearchable ways, for who knew the mind of the Lord, or who became his advisor, or who gave to him beforehand and it will be repaid to him? Because from him and through him and to him are all things. The glory is to him into the ages, amen. Grammar & Exegetical Notes -I take the three genitives in v. 33 to be separate things in contrast to taking the wisdom and knowledge to be epexegetical to the riches. Questions 1. How is οτι functioning in v. 36? --> Paul seems to most frequently use οτι for content. Could this be the content of God's mind? Seems forced. --> Most likely, this gives the reason underlying the implied answer to the string of rhetorical questions, "No one!" 2. How is ως functioning in v. 33? - BDAG 7. a relatively high point on a scale involving exclamation, how! (X., Cyr. 1, 3, 2 ὦ μῆτερ, ὡς καλός μοι ὁ πάππος ! Himerius, Or. 54 [=Or. 15], 1 ὡς ἡδύ μοι τὸ θέατρον =how pleasant . . . ! Ps 8:2 ; 72:1 ; TestJob 7:12 ) ὡς ὡραῖοι οἱ πόδες τῶν εὐαγγελιζομένων ἀγαθά Ro 10:15 (cp. Is 52:7 ). Cp. 11:33 . ὡς μεγάλη μοι ἡ σήμερον ἡμέρα GJs 19:2. --> This use of ως remains unconvincing as it strips it of its most common and basic function, which is to subordinate by comparison. -The passage seems to still make sense if ως is kept as a comparative subordinating conjunction, and that also seems to do the most justice to the word itself. --> The depth of God's riches and wisdom and knowledge is further explained by the preceding discourse which reveals his unfathomable judgments and unsearchable ways. Doxological Response -Praise God that he cannot be bought, coerced, or manipulated. He is not in debt to anyone, nor is anyone entitled to a gift from him. As deep as his unsearchable judgments and his mysterious ways, so also are the riches of his grace in kindness and wisdom and knowledge!